周良洛们“自由度”越大,国家遭受的损失越大!

Slew7-news 发布时间: 2020-07-13 04:42:38

“江苏快3k【注册大礼】”Thetextstandsveryneartheconclusionofamostimportantargument,inwhichtheApostlehasbeendrawingthecontrastbetweentheJewishsacrificesundertheceremoniallawandtheoneperfectsacrificewroughtoutforusbyp.19theSonofGodonthecross.Thecontrastcommenceswiththe25thverseofthe9thchapter,andextendstothe14thverseofthe10th;afterwhichweareledtothepracticalapplicationofthewholeepistle.Letus,then,first,carefullystudythepointofcontrast,andthenthereasonofit.Aglanceatthetextwillshowusthatitreferstotwosubjects;thecompletenessofthesacrificeofferedonthecross,asinthewords,“afterHehadofferedonesacrificeforsinforever,”andthepresentsessionattherighthandofGod;asinthewords,“satdownattherighthandofGod.”Itisthesecondofthesethatweshallstudythismorning.

ButIdonotdenythatthetextisoneofconsiderabledifficulty.Thefirstgreatdifficultyistoascertaintowhomthewordswerespoken.FromLuke,xxiv.33,wefindthatthepersonspresentwere“theeleven,andthemthatwerewiththem;”andthereisnothingintherecordtodecidewhetherthewordswereaddressedtotheelevenApostlesseparately,ortothewholecompany—including,ofcourse,laymenandwomen.Myownbeliefis,thattheywereaddressedtotheelevenseparately,andconveyedaspecialjudicialpowertotheseinspiredmen.Thattheypossessedsuchapowerp.59isclearfromhistory;forwhenPeterretainedthesinofAnaniasandSapphira,Godratifiedhisdecisionbytheirdeath;andwhenSt.PaulpassedsentenceontheincestuouspersonatCorinth,heclearlyclaimedasupernaturalpowerofjudgmentwhenhesaid(1Cor.v.3-5),“ForIverily,asabsentinbodybutpresentinspirit,havejudgedalready,asthoughIwerepresent,concerninghimthathathsodonethisdeed.InthenameofourLordJesusChrist,whenyearegatheredtogether,andmyspirit,withthepowerofourLordJesusChrist,todeliversuchanoneuntoSatanforthedestructionoftheflesh,thatthespiritmaybesavedinthedayoftheLordJesus.”Sowhenheremittedthesamesentenceheclearlyclaimedspecialrighttodoso;ashesaid,“IfIforgaveanything,towhomIforgaveit,foryoursakesforgaveIit,inthepersonofChrist.”Butifthiswerethecase,andifthepowerwasgiventotheApostlesasapartoftheirapostolicoffice,itfollowsthatwiththeApostlesitmusthaveceasedforever.Accordingly,inourLord’swordsthereisnotthesmallesthintattransmission;andasfortheideathattheApostlescouldtransmitittotheBishops,andtheBishopstothePresbyters,itisaltogetherwithoutfoundationp.60inthewordofGod.Infact,thecaseoftheCorinthiansprovesclearlythatitwasnotsotransmitted.Therecannotbeadoubt,thatwhentheepistlewaswrittentherewerePresbytersintheChurchofCorinth;anditisclearthatTitushadjustbeenthereonaspecialmission,forheitwaswhobroughttoSt.PaulthetidingsoftherepentanceoftheCorinthians(2Cor.vii.6,7,andxii.17,18).Butyetnoneofthesepersonsappeartohavehadatransmittedpower.ItwasnecessarytoreferthecasetoSt.Paulhimself.Heretainedandheremitted;andhedidboth“inthepersonofChrist.”

Nor,again,isthissacrificethemeanswherebythegreatsacrificeisappliedtothesoul.Thisp.41isamorecommonideathantheother,andoneprevailingamongmanywhoarethoroughlyopposedtoPopery.ItisinharmonywithhumannaturetosupposethatwemustmakeoursacrificeinordertogainashareoftheblessingsofHis.Thuspeoplewillsometimesgiveup,firstonething,andthenanother,hopingbythesesacrificestofindpeacethroughthebloodofatonementoftheLordJesusChrist.TheyhavenoideaofbeingsavedthroughanythingbutthegreatsacrificeoftheLordJesusChrist;buttheyconsiderthattheymustmaketheirsacrificeinordertosecuretheapplicationofhisworktothemselves.Thisistheprincipleofalmostallself-imposedmortifications.Peoplehopethroughthemtobepartakersofreconciliationthroughthegreatatonement.Yetnoneofthesethingssatisfythesoul.Ihavemyselfknownpersonswhohaveresolutelymadetheeffort,bututterlyfailed.Theyhavebecomeanxiousabouttheirsoul,andsettoworktoreachthecrossofChristbypersonalself-denial.Theyhavegivenuptheirdifferentpursuitsonebyone;butatlengththeyhavefoundthatnothinghasdonethemanygood.Theyhavebeenjustasfarfromthepeaceofreconciliationastheyp.42werethedaytheybegan.Noneofthesesacrificeshadhelpedthemintheleast.No,andnonecouldhelpthem.Nothingcouldhelpthembutafreejustificationthroughfaith,andfaithalone;andthat,thankGod!atlasttheyhavefoundsufficient.Andsowilleveryotherguiltysinnerwhothrowshimselfinutterhelplessness,tobefreelyforgiven,andfreelysaved,bythegreatgraceofGodinChristJesus.Letnonesuppose,then,thatanysacrificewhichwecanrendercanevermakeuspartakersofthegreatsalvationoncepurchasedbytheonesacrificeoftheLordJesusChrist.Thissalvationisgivenonaltogetherdifferentterms.Itisgivenasafreegifttothosewhocanproducenothing;agiftbestowedinunfetteredmercyonthosewhocanonlysay,inthelanguageofthehymn:—Such,then,isthecontrast,andsuchthereasonforit.What,then,arewetothinkoftheteachingoftheChurchofRomewhenitsays,— “InthisdivinesacrificewhichisperformedintheMass,thatsameChristiscontained,andsacrificedwithoutblood,whoonce,withblood,offeredHimselfuponthealtaroftheCross?”[27]Andagain:— “Ifanymanshallsaythatthesacrificeisnotpropitiatory,andprofitsthereceiveronly,andoughtnottobeofferedforthelivingandthedead,forsins,punishments,satisfaction,andothernecessities,lethimbeanathema?”Now,whatdothesepassagesteach?

p.34ButstillwereadinScriptureofanothersacrifice—asacrificewhichChristianpeoplearecalledtooffer.ThusinthistextSt.Paulsays,“Ibeseechyoutherefore,brethren,bythemerciesofGod,thatyepresentyourbodiesalivingsacrifice,holyandacceptableuntoGod,whichisyourreasonableservice.”TothisappealthewordsinourCommunionServicearetheChristian’sreply:— “Andhereweofferandpresentuntotheeourselves,oursoulsandbodies,tobeareasonable,holy,andlivingsacrificeuntothee.”Itclearlyremains,therefore,forustoexaminethecharacterofthissecondsacrifice,andalsoitsrelationshiptothegreatandperfectsacrificecompletedonthecrossforsin.This,then,ifGodpermit,shallbeoursubjectthismorning.MaytheLorddisposeourheartstobringtoHimthisholysacrifice,thatwe,ifwelive,maylivenotuntoourselves,butuntoHim“thatdiedforus,androseagain!”What,then,istherelationshipbetweenoursacrificeandHis?andhowaretheyconnected?Therecanbenodoubtonthissubjectifweturntothetext,whereweread,“Ibeseechyoutherefore,bythemerciesofGod,thatyepresentyourbodiesalivingsacrifice.”Itis,therefore,thedeepsenseofunmeritedmercythatistop.43calloutthewillingsacrificefromasavedandthankfulpeople.ThisisjusthowitstandsinourCommunionService.Wefirstcomewiththeconfessionofsin;wethenpartakeofthesacredfeast;andseek,byGod’sgrace,torealiseinlivingfaiththebodybrokenandthebloodshedforoursins;afterwhich,butnotbefore,we“offerandpresenttoHimourselves,oursoulsandourbodies,tobeareasonable,holy,andlivelysacrificeuntoHim.”Oursacrifice,therefore,istheresultofourdeepsenseofunmeritedmercyshowninHisperfectsacrificeonthecross.Itisasacrificeofpraiseandthanksgiving.Itisthewillingofferingofthosewhohavefoundmercy,andaremostdeeplyandhumblythankfulforit.

Onethingisperfectlyclear.Itisnotdonebytheofferingofanyfreshsacrifice.ThiswasthechiefdutyoftheJewishpriests,butitformsnopartofthatoftheChristianminister.FromoneendoftheNewTestamenttothep.56otheryoucanfindnoallusiontoanysuchthingasaChristiansacrificeforsin.TheonesacrificeoftheLordJesusChristwasonceandforever,final,complete,andsufficientforallthesinsofthewholeworld.Theworkofsacrificeisfinished,aswearetaughtinthewords,“Towit,thatGodwasinChristreconcilingtheworlduntohimself;”andiftherecanbenosacrifice,itisperfectlyplainthattherecanbenosacrificingpriest.NorcantheideabegatheredfromthePrayer-bookanymorethanitcanfromtheNewTestament.Thereisnotanallusionthere,eithertoasacrificeorasacrificingpriest,exceptwhereitsays,inArt.xxxi.,“Thesacrificesofmasses,inthewhichitwascommonlysaidthatthepriestdidofferChristforthequickandthedead,tohaveremissionofpainorguilt,wereblasphemousfablesanddangerousdeceits.”ThereisnoChristiansacrificerecognisedbytheChurchofEnglandbutthethankfuldedicationofheartandlifeonthepartofthosewhohavebeensavedbythesacrificeoftheLord.Butthissacrificerequiresnopriesttoofferit.Itmayriseatanymoment,andfromanyplace,fromthedepthsofanythankfulheart.Thus,accordingtoourCommunionService,allofferp.57ittogether,andthewholecongregationhavingtogethermetaroundtheirFather’stable,andtogethertastedthejoysoftheirFather’slove,togetherbringtheirsacrifice,andsay,“Hereweofferandpresentuntothee,OLord,ourselves,oursoulsandbodies,tobeareasonable,holy,andlivingsacrificeuntothee.”

Itfollows,therefore,thatthesubjectoftheministryisonerespectingwhichitisofgreatimportancethatourviewsshouldbescriptural.Andyet,forobviousreasons,itisoneseldompreachedupon.ThegreatobjectoftheservantoftheLordistothrowSelfoutofsight;anditissohardtodisconnecttheofficefromtheofficep.48bearer,thattoolittleisoftensaidabouttheofficefromthefearthattoomuchattentionshouldbedrawntotheman.Itwillbewell,therefore,forustotakethesubjectoftheministryforourcarefulstudythismorning.AndmayGodenablemesotospeak,andyousotohear,thatwemayallreceiveGod’swordinfaith,andmay,together,becompactedasaholypeopleintheLord!

WhenIdrewyourattentiontothistextonSundaylast,Ipointedoutthetwogreatsubjectscontainedinit,viz.theworkofatonementcompletedbyourblessedLordonearth,andHispresentsessionattherighthandofGod.ThelatterofthesewestudiedonSundaylast,buttheformerisofsuchvastimportancetoeveryoneofusthatitwouldbewrongtoleavethepassagewithoutdevotingthismorningtothecarefulexaminationofit.

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    4.Naymore,itiscontrarytothewordsofourLord.Thewords,asgivenbySt.Matthew(xxvi.26-28)were:“Andastheywereeating,Jesustookbread,andblessedit,andbrakeit,andgaveittothedisciples,andsaid,Take,eat;thisismybody.Andhetookthecup,andgavethanks,andgaveittothem,saying,Drinkyeallofit;forthisismybloodofthenewtestament,whichisshedformanyfortheremissionofsins.”Ofthebread,therefore,p.14Hesaid,“Thisismybody;”andofthewine,“Thisismyblood.”Thebreaddidnotrepresentthebodyandbloodtogether,butthebodyonly,andthewinetheblood;or,ifthedoctrineoftransubstantiationweretaught,thepassagewouldteachthatthebreadwaschangedintothebody,andthewineintotheblood.ButtheteachingofRomedefiesallsuchdistinctions,thoughthusplainlylaiddownbynolessanauthoritythanourLordHimself,andfearlesslyhurlsheranathemasagainstallwhodonotbelievethatthebread,andthebreadalone,ischangedintobody,blood,soul,anddivinity,andbecomes,tousetheirownexpression,“awholeChrist,”tobeexalted,carriedinprocessions,andadoredasalivingGod.Thewordsthemselves,takenliterally,aredeadagainstsuchadoctrine.Iamnotsurprised,therefore,whenIreadour28thArticle,whichsays:“Transubstantiation(orthechangeofthesubstanceofbreadandwine)intheSupperoftheLord,cannotbeprovedbyHolyWrit,butisrepugnanttotheplainwordsofScripture.”ButIamsurprisedthatChristianpeopleintheChurchofEnglandshouldsitsolightassomeseemtodotoaheresyofsofearfulacharacter,andthatmenp.15shouldbesoindifferenttotruthaseventospeakofthepossibilityofpeacewithRome.

     

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    ButIdonotdenythatthetextisoneofconsiderabledifficulty.Thefirstgreatdifficultyistoascertaintowhomthewordswerespoken.FromLuke,xxiv.33,wefindthatthepersonspresentwere“theeleven,andthemthatwerewiththem;”andthereisnothingintherecordtodecidewhetherthewordswereaddressedtotheelevenApostlesseparately,ortothewholecompany—including,ofcourse,laymenandwomen.Myownbeliefis,thattheywereaddressedtotheelevenseparately,andconveyedaspecialjudicialpowertotheseinspiredmen.Thattheypossessedsuchapowerp.59isclearfromhistory;forwhenPeterretainedthesinofAnaniasandSapphira,Godratifiedhisdecisionbytheirdeath;andwhenSt.PaulpassedsentenceontheincestuouspersonatCorinth,heclearlyclaimedasupernaturalpowerofjudgmentwhenhesaid(1Cor.v.3-5),“ForIverily,asabsentinbodybutpresentinspirit,havejudgedalready,asthoughIwerepresent,concerninghimthathathsodonethisdeed.InthenameofourLordJesusChrist,whenyearegatheredtogether,andmyspirit,withthepowerofourLordJesusChrist,todeliversuchanoneuntoSatanforthedestructionoftheflesh,thatthespiritmaybesavedinthedayoftheLordJesus.”Sowhenheremittedthesamesentenceheclearlyclaimedspecialrighttodoso;ashesaid,“IfIforgaveanything,towhomIforgaveit,foryoursakesforgaveIit,inthepersonofChrist.”Butifthiswerethecase,andifthepowerwasgiventotheApostlesasapartoftheirapostolicoffice,itfollowsthatwiththeApostlesitmusthaveceasedforever.Accordingly,inourLord’swordsthereisnotthesmallesthintattransmission;andasfortheideathattheApostlescouldtransmitittotheBishops,andtheBishopstothePresbyters,itisaltogetherwithoutfoundationp.60inthewordofGod.Infact,thecaseoftheCorinthiansprovesclearlythatitwasnotsotransmitted.Therecannotbeadoubt,thatwhentheepistlewaswrittentherewerePresbytersintheChurchofCorinth;anditisclearthatTitushadjustbeenthereonaspecialmission,forheitwaswhobroughttoSt.PaulthetidingsoftherepentanceoftheCorinthians(2Cor.vii.6,7,andxii.17,18).Butyetnoneofthesepersonsappeartohavehadatransmittedpower.ItwasnecessarytoreferthecasetoSt.Paulhimself.Heretainedandheremitted;andhedidboth“inthepersonofChrist.”

     THEMINISTRYOFRECONCILIATION.

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    THEMASS.

     Ineveryworkcarriedonbymanweareperfectlycertaintomeetwithhumaninfirmity,andhumanerror;andtheworkoftheministryformsnoexceptiontotherule.Itiscarriedonbycommonmen,withcommonfleshandblood,exposedtothecommontemptationsofcommonlife,sothatwearesuretofindinitthecommonfailuresofourcommonhumanity.Yet,withallthis,itfillsamostimportantplaceinthelifeofallofus.Itnotonlyimpartsadistinctivecharactertoourpublicworship,butitreachesourhomelife;sothatthereisnotafamilyinaparishthatisnot,insomewayorother,moreorlessaffectedbytheministryinp.47theChurch.Theinfluencemaynotalwaysbeforgood,butitalwaysexists.Insomecasesitmaybesimplynegative,andactuallydoharmbynotdoinggood.Insomecasesitmaybepositivelymischievous,aswhenitismadethemeansforthedisseminationofdeadlyerror.WhileinmanyitismadeGod’smeansforconferringincalculableblessings;sothatthroughittheyoungareinstructed,thecarelessawakened,inquirersdirectedtotheLordJesusChrist,andthechildrenofGodconfirmedinfaithandarousedtoholyenergyfortheirLord.Thepositionofaclergymanissuchthattheinfluenceofhisministryissuretobefeltthroughouthisparish.Hehasthesacredprivilegeofleadingtheworshipofthereligiousportionofhispeople.Theyareallbroughtintocontactwithhisoffice,andallare,somewayorother,affectedbythemannerinwhichthatofficeisfulfilled.

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