[正点财经]聚焦新型冠状病毒 上海确诊2例新型冠状病毒感染肺炎病例

VfeCM-news 发布时间: 2020-07-14 08:18:35

“pk翻 译 中 文”MiserablyasArnoldhadpassedthewinterinhiscamp,asspringapproachedheagainplantedhisbatteriesaboveQuebec,butproducedsolittleeffectthatCarletonlaystillinexpectationofhisreinforcementsonthebreakingupoftheriver.Onthe1stofAprilGeneralWoosterarrived,andtookthecommand,muchtothedisgustofArnold,whowassenttocommandadetachmentat[224]Montreal.Onthe1stofMay,GeneralThomas,whowastobesupremeincommand,arrived,andfoundtheforcesamountingtoabouttwothousandmen.Theriverwasnowopening;andonthe6thofMaythreeEnglishshipshadmadetheirwayuptoQuebec,fulloftroops.Twocompaniesofthe29thRegimentandonehundredmarineswereimmediatelylandedamidtherejoicingsoftheinhabitants;andGeneralCarletongaveinstantorderstoissueforthandattacktheAmericanlines.ButGeneralThomas,consciousthat,sofarfrombeingabletotakeQuebec,heshouldbehimselftaken,unlesshedecampedwithallhaste,wasalreadyonthemove.GeneralCarletonpursuedhimvigorously,andtheretreatoftheAmericansbecamearegularrout.TheythrewthemselvesintoboatsattheThreeRivers,leavingbehindthemalltheirartilleryandstores,aswellasthesick,whowerenumerous,thesmallpoxhavingbrokenoutamongstthem.ThomasmanagedtoreachFortChamblyandSt.John'sontheSorel;buttherehedied,havingtakenthesmallpox.[149]

Thereweresomecircumstances,however,whichcameoutthatcreatedconsiderablesuspicionanddispleasureinIreland.Woodhadgivenabribetotheking'smistress,theDuchessofKendal,toprocurehimthecontract,andtheGovernmenthadorderedthecoinagewithoutpayingtheIrishPrivyCouncilandLord-Lieutenantthecomplimentofconsultingthemonthisoccasion.Swiftsawtheseerrors,andseizedonthemforhisownpurposes.Hedidnotstoptoinquirewhether,afterall,theproposedcoinagewouldnot,inanycircumstances,bemuchbetterthanthepresentdistressingscarcityofcoppermoney,andwhetherthefarthingsandhalfpencemightnotturnoutasgood,thoughtheywerecontractedfor.ItwasenoughforhimthattherewasacauseofdiscontentwhichhecouldfanintoaflameagainsttheBritishGovernment.Hethrewallhisspitefulsoulintoit,andhis"Drapier'sLetters"inflamedthepublicmindtosuchadegreethatWalpolewascompelledtocancelthepatent.

Theconsequencewasthattheconditionoftheagriculturalpopulationwasasdebasedmorallyasitwasdestitutephysically—inthealmosttotalabsenceofeducation,theveryfundsgrantedbypioustestatorsforthisendbeingembezzledbytheclergyorsquirearchy.Everythingwhichcouldbrutalisethepeoplewasencouragedbythearistocracyonthepleathatitmadethemgoodsoldiers.Whenthehorrorsandbrutalitiesofalmostuniversaldog-fightings,cock-fightings,bullandbear-baitingsbegantoattracttheattentionofphilanthropists,anditwassoughtbyParliamentaryenactmenttosuppressthem,theyweredefendedbyWindham,andothers,onthegroundthattheyaccustomedthepeopletothesightofblood,andmadethemofthe"trueBritishbull-dogcharacter."TheCanadasatthatperiodcontainedonlyaboutsixtythousandsouls,Quebecaboutseventhousand.Butthecityoccupiesamostformidablesite.ItstandsonasteepandrockypromontoryrunningintotheleftbankoftheSt.Lawrence,aboutahundredleaguesfromitsmouth,andwheretheriver,fromabreadthoffromtwelvetotwentymiles,rapidlynarrowstoaboutonemile.Thecityisbuiltpartontherockyheights,partontheslopesbelow.Uptheriverfromthecityrosestillhigherandalmostinaccessiblesteeps,calledtheHeightsofAbraham,and,ontheotherhand,thesideofthecitydownthestreamwasboundedbytheriverSt.Charles,whichthererunsintotheSt.Lawrence.ThestretchofgroundbetweentheSt.CharlesandthestreamofMontmorency,somemileslower,calledBeauport,wasconnectedbyabridgewithQuebec.Onthisground,asthemostaccessiblesideofthecity,Montcalmhadencampedhisarmy,consistingaltogetheroftenthousandFrench,Canadians,andIndians.

Thearmysetoutinsuccessivedivisions,andbydifferentroutes,inconsequenceoftheexhaustedstateofthecountry,whichhadbeenstrippedbytheFrenchasbyanarmyoflocusts.Theroadswereintolerable,andtheweatherwasvile.Wadingthroughmud,anddraggingtheirartillerythroughbogsandsloughs,theystruggledontoCastelloBranco,whichthefirstdivisionreachedonthe4thofDecember.Bythe11thSirJohnhadcrossedthePortuguesefrontier,andenteredCiudadRodrigo.Therehewasreceivedwithgreatdemonstrationsofjoy;andonthe13thhearrivedatSalamanca.Herehehadtoremainforthecomingupofhisartillery,which,underaguardofthreethousandfootandonethousandhorse,hadbeenconducted,bySirJohnHope,roundbyElvas,astheonlyroad,accordingtothePortuguese,bywhichheavycannoncouldbeconveyed.ThiswasaproofofthegreatneedofthosearrangementssostronglyurgedbySirArthurWellesley.Properinquiries,throughproperofficers,wouldhaveascertainedbeforehandtheactualstateoftheroadsandpasses.HereSirJohn,too,hadtowaitforSirDavidBaird'sdetachment,whichhadarrivedatCorunnaonthe13thofOctober,buthadfoundthegreatestdifficultyinbeingallowedtolandandproceed.ThiswasrefusedbythejuntaofGalicia,outofthatignorantandinflatedprideoftheSpaniards,whichpersuadedthemthat,becausetheyhadcompelledDuponttosurrender,theycoulddrivetheFrenchoutoftheircountrywithoutanyassistanceoftheBritish,whomtheyregardednotassaviours,butasintruders.WhilstapplicationwasmadetotheCentralJunta,atMadrid,forthetroopstoland,theyhadtoremainforafortnightcoopedupinthetransports.Therewasstillanotherhindrance,whichthesoundsenseandforesightofWellesleywouldnothavepermitted.ThoughtheBritishGovernmenthadforwardedtoSpaintwohundredthousandmuskets,withallrequisiteammunition,andsixteenmillionsofharddollars,SirJohnMoorewasentrustedwithonlytwenty-fivethousandpoundsofit,andSirDavidBairdwithnoneatall.When,therefore,permissionwasobtained,fromMadrid,fortheAllies,whowerebringingthemallthearmsandallthematerialofwar,toland,Bairdhadnomoneytopayhiswayonthemarchwithtenthousandmen,andSirJohnMoorehadtoremithimeightthousandpounds.Thiswassufficientlybadmanagement,butthis[564]wasfarfromtheworst.SirJohnMoore,inthemostcriticalcircumstances,wasleftwithoutthenecessaryinformationregardingtherealstrengthoftheenemy,andwithouttheinfluencewhichtheBritishAmbassadorshouldhaveexertedtohavethearmysuppliedwiththenecessarymeansofconveyanceforitsbaggage,ammunition,andartillery.TheSpaniardsobstructedratherthanhelpedtheBritisharmy.TheydidnotknowthemselvesthattheFrenchwerepouringreinforcementsthroughthePyreneestotheamountofseventythousandmen,soontobefollowedbyBuonapartehimself.TheBritishAmbassador,atsuchatime,oughttohavetakenmeasuresforknowingthetruth;buttheAmbassadorwas,justatthismoment,themostunfitpersonthatcouldpossiblyhavebeenpitchedupon.SirCharlesStewart,whohadbeenforsometimeAmbassadoratMadrid,waswellacquaintedwiththeSpaniards,andhadenergyandintelligenceenoughtohaveoperateduponthem.Butas,withnewchangesofMinistry,everythingmustbechangedbytheBritishGovernment,evenifitbefortheworse,sohere,notonlyhadthegeneralsbeenchangedthreetimesinfour-and-twentyhours,buttheactiveandwell-informedMinisterwaswithdrawn,andamostindolentanduselessmansentinhisplace.ThiswasMr.JohnHookhamFrere,greatintheQuarterlyReview,andconnectedwithCanningandhisparty.HeeithersentSirJohnnoinformationastothestateandpositionoftheSpanisharmiesoroftheadvanceandnumbersoftheFrench,orhesenthimerroneousintelligence.LordWilliamBentinck,whowasinSpain,exertedhimselftorousetheSpanishJuntatoapropersenseoftheirrealposition,andofthenecessityforaffordingtheBritisharmy,whichhadcometoassistthem,alltheinformationandsupportthattheycould;andhehimselfsentwordthattheFrenchwerecrossingnotmerelythePyrenees,buttheEbro.Atlength,adispatchtoMarshalJourdain,beingaccidentallyinterceptedbyaguerillapartyonthefrontiers,startledtheJuntawiththenewsthatimmensebodiesofFrenchwereadvancingintoSpain;andtheybegantoappreciatethevalueoftheirBritishallies,butwoulddonothingtofacilitatetheirmarch,ortodirectthemtothequarterwheretheywouldbemostuseful;andFrere,whoshouldhavestimulatedthemtoasenseoftheirduty,didjustnothingatall.

SirJohnWarrenputthetwothousandfourhundredChouansonshorenearLorient,andleftthemtoreturntotheirownpredatorymodeofwarfare.Hethenlocatedhimselfontwosmallneighbouringislands,andwaitedforafreshsquadroncarryingfourthousandBritishtroops,whicharrivinginSeptember,heboreawaywiththemforLaVendée,andthusterminatedthemiserabledescentonthecoastofBrittany.ThedescentonthecoastofLaVendéewasstillmoreunsatisfactory.Onarrivingthere,itwasfoundthatfifteenthousandRepublicanswereinpossessionoftheIsleNoirmoutier,formerlythestrongholdofCharette.TheBritish,therefore,disembarkedonthelittledesolateIsleDieu,aboutfiveleaguesfromNoirmoutier,andthereawaitedthearrivalofCountd'Artois,whodidnotcometillthe10thofOctober,andthen,alarmedatthefusilladingoftheofficersatQuiberon,declinedtoland.Onhearingthis,Charetteexclaimed—"Wearelost!To-dayIhavefifteenthousandmenaboutme;to-morrowIshallnothavefivehundred!"And,infact,chagrinedatthepusillanimousconductoftheprince,andtheapproachofHochewithhisvictorioustroopsfromBrittany,hisfollowersrapidlydispersed,andattheendoftheyeartheBritisharmamentreturnedhome,havingdonenothing.FromthisdaymaybedatedtheextinctionofthewarinLaVendée.Stofflet,inJanuary,1796,wasdefeated,andinFebruarywasbetrayedtotheenemy,andonthe26thofthatmonthwasexecutedatAngerswithfourofhiscompanions.Charettewascapturedamonthafterwards,andwasshotatNantesonthe29thofMarch.WithhimdiedthelastVendéangeneralofmark.Bythistime,thespringof1796,notafifthpartofthemalepopulationofLaVendéeremainedalive;andHochehimselfcalculatedthattheVendéanwarhadcostFranceahundredthousandmen.NextdaythevictoriousgeneralsentamessagetoHyderabad,threateningtostormthecityifitwasnotimmediatelysurrendered.Thewallswereverystrong,andmighthavebeendefendedsuccessfully;buttheAmeershadlostheart,andsixofthemcameouttotheBritishcamp,andlaidtheirswordsatthefeetoftheconqueror.Butthoughthecitywasinhispossession,conquestseemedonlytoincreasehisdifficulties.Hehadtokeeppossessionofalargehostilecity,andtodefendhisownentrenchedcampagainst20,000Beloochees,whowerestillinthefieldunderShereMahommed,andtoaccomplishallthishehadbut2,000effectivemenunderhiscommand.Reinforcements,however,werequicklydispatchedbyLordEllenborough.Theyarrivedsafelyandgavehimanarmyof5,000veterantroops.Inthemeantime,ShereMahommedhadcomewithinfivemilesoftheBritishcamp,andsentSirCharlesNapierasummonstosurrender;hehadanarmyof20,000meninanextremelystrongposition.Nothingdaunted,SirCharlesNapierattackedtheenemy.Hisplanofactionwasaltered,onaccountofanunauthorisedattackmadebyColonelStarkwithhiscavalry,inconsequenceofthegivingwayofthecentrebeforeanonsetoftheIrishregiment.Thecavalrycharge,theresultofasuddeninspiration,wasbrilliantlysuccessful.Thecavalryswepteverythingbeforethem,andcarriedconfusionanddismayintotherearoftheenemy'scentre.TheBritishgeneralinstantlytookadvantageofthissuccess,and,changinghisplan,heledontheIrishinfantrytostormthefirstnullah.Afterafierceresistance,thescarpwasmounted,andLieutenantCootefellwoundedwhileintheactofwavingtheBeloocheestandardintriumphonthesummit.TheSepoyswereequallysuccessfulinstormingthesecondnullah,whichwasbravelydefended,butultimatelycarriedwithgreatlosstotheenemy,whowereroutedinalldirections,theirretreatingranksbeingmoweddownbytheartillery,andpursuedbythecavalryforadistanceofseveralmiles.ThelossoftheBritishinthisgreatvictorywasonly270men.Althoughtheheatwasthen110°intheshade,SirCharlesNapierrapidlypursuedtheenemy,sothathiscavalryarrivedatMeerpoor,adistanceoffortymiles,beforeShereMahommedcouldreachit.Itwashiscapital—stronglyfortified,filledwithstoresofallkinds—anditfellwithoutresistanceintothehandsoftheBritishgeneral.ShereMahommedhadretreatedtothestrongholdofOmerkote,inthedesert.ThitherhewaspursuedbyCaptainWhitlie,attheheadoftheLightHorse.TheAmeerfledwithsomehorsemenintothedesert.Thegarrisonthatremained,afterafewshots,pulleddowntheircolours,and,onthe4thofApril,theBritishstandardwavedonthetowersofOmerkote.

TheindispositionofParliamenttoattendtotheordinarybusinessofthelegislature,howeverimportantandpressinganyportionofitmightbeconsideredinothercircumstances,maybeeasilyaccountedfor.Onesubjectengrossedthemindsofallmenatthistime,andagitatedthenationtoadepthandextentaltogetherunprecedentedinourhistory.ThestoryofCarolineofBrunswickisoneofthesaddestandmostromanticintheannalsoftheQueensofEngland.WhenthePrinceRegentbecameking,hiswife,asamatterofcourse,becametherightfulQueenof[206]England.Butherhusbandhadresolvedthatsheshouldnotbequeen;and,ratherthannothavehiswayinthis,hewasreadytoimperilhisthrone.Shewasasfullyentitledtoenjoythewell-definedrankandpositionthatdevolveduponherbythelawsofthecountry,ashewastowearhiscrown,withoutregardtopersonalcharacter.Hewouldbreakthemarriagetie,ifhecould;but,failingthat,hewasdeterminedtodegradethequeenbybringingagainstherthefoulestchargesofimmorality.Shemight,indeed,haveescapedatrialonthesechargesifshehadconsentedtoremainabroad,andhadagreedtoforegoanytitlethatwouldhaveconnectedherwiththeRoyalFamilyofEngland.TillthedeathofGeorgeIII.,whohadalwaysbeenhersteadyfriend,shehadbeenprayedforintheliturgyasthePrincessofWales.TherewasnownoPrincessofWales,andthekinginsistedthatsheshouldnotbeprayedforatall.HisMinisters,againsttheirownconvictions—againstwhattheywellknewtobethealmostunanimousfeelingofthenation—weaklyyieldedtothearbitrarywilloftheirlicentiousSovereign.Theyandtheirapologistsattemptedtoupholdthisconductbyallegingthatshewasprayedforunderthewords,"therestoftheRoyalFamily."ButMr.Denman,whodefendedher,afterwardsobservedwithmoretruththatthegeneralprayerinwhichshewasembracedwas,"Forallthataredesolateandoppressed."Themomentthenewsofthisoutragereachedthequeen,sheresolved,withcharacteristicspiritanddetermination,tocomeatoncetoEnglandandassertherrightsinperson.TheMinistersflatteredthemselvesthatthiswasavainboast,andthat,consciousofguilt,hercouragewouldfailher.

LordAngleseyrepliedtothesesharprebukeswithgreatspirit."Uptothismoment,"hesaid,"Ihavebeenleftentirelyinignorance,notonlyastoyourintentionswithregardtothiscountry,butalsoastoyoursentimentsregardingmypolicy.Theyarenowdeveloped,andIshallknowhowtoact."Hethenenteredintodetailsofalltheoccurrencesalludedto,inordertoshow"howentirelyhisMajestyhadbeenmisinformed."Havingdoneso,headded,"Ifthosewhoarraignmyconductwillobtaininformationfromanuninterestedsource,IfeelthemostperfectconfidencethatIshallobtaintheapplauseofmySovereign,andthegoodwillandgoodopinionofhisMajesty'sMinisterswithwhomIserve."HedeniedthattheGovernmenthadlostitspower,thattheAssociationhadusurpeditsfunctions,orthatthelawsweresetatdefiance.Heasserted,onthecontrary,thatthelawwasinfullvigour;andifitauthorised,orexpediencydemanded,thesuppressionoftheCatholicAssociationandoftheBrunswickClubs,andthedisarmingoftheyeomanryatthesametime,hewouldundertaketoeffectitalmostwithoutthelossofalife.Buthedidnotthinksuchacourseexpedient,andhedeprecatedtheteasingsystemofattackingeveryminoroffence,ofwhichtheissueupontrialwouldbedoubtful,andwhichwouldproduceirritationwithouteffectingasalutarylessonandpermanentgood.Hehadnoobject,hesaid,inholdinghispostbutthatofpleasinghiskingandservinghiscountry;andif,inhiszealousandunweariedeffortstoeffectthelatterobject,hehadincurredthedispleasureofthekingandlosthisMajesty'sconfidence,heoughtnottoremaininIreland.Hewasthereforereadytodepartwhenevertheyfounditconvenienttorecallhim.TheDukebecametestyunderthisresistanceandantagonism.Inreplyingtothelastletterhebecomesmorepersonalinhisaccusations."Imight,"saidthePremier,"atanearlierperiodhaveexpressedthepainIfeltattheattendanceofgentlemenofyourhousehold,andevenofyourfamily,attheRomanCatholicAssociation.IcouldnotbutfeelthatsuchattendancemustexposeyourGovernmenttomisconstruction.Iwassilentbecauseitwaspainfultomentionsuchthings;butIhavealwaysfeltthatiftheseimpressionsupontheking'smindshouldremain—andImustsaythatrecenttransactionshavegivenfreshcauseforthem—Icouldnotavoidmentioningthemtoyouinaprivatecommunication,andtoletyouknowtheembarrassmentwhichtheyoccasion."

Amhersthadnowtenthousandmen;andthoughhehadtocarryallhisbaggageandartilleryovertheOntarioinopenboats,andtopasstherapidsoftheupperSt.Lawrence,hemadeamostableandprosperousmarch,reducingthefortof?leRoyaleontheway,andreachedtheisleofMontrealontheverysamedayasMurray,andadaybeforeHaviland.Vaudreuilsawthatresistancewashopeless,andcapitulatedonthe8thofSeptember.TheFrenchwere,accordingtocontract,senthome,underengagementnottocomeagainstusduringtheremainderofthewar.Besidesthis,LordByronchasedasquadronofthreefrigates,convoyingtwentystore-shipstoQuebec,intotheBayofChaleur,andtheredestroyedthem.ThusalltheFrenchpossessionsinNorthAmerica,exceptingtherecentandfeeblesettlementofNewOrleans,remainedinourhands.

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  • 雨花郡主SrgGN

     

  • 雪灵芝ZQNfU

    ButthePeaceofViennawasnowconcluded,and,onthe30thofOctober,BaronLichtenthurmappearedinthecampoftheTyrolese,anddeliveredalettertotheleadersfromtheArchdukeJohn,requestingthempeaceablytodisperse,andsurrenderthecountrytotheBavarians.Thiswasaterribleblowtothesebravemen.Theyappearedprostratedbythenews,andHoferannouncedtoSpechbacher,whowasstillfightingwiththeBavarians,thatpeacewasmadewithFrance,andthattheTyrolwasforgotten!HoferreturnedtohisnativevaleofPasseyr,andstillheldoutagainsttheFrench,andtheItalianmercenariesunderRusca,whomhedefeatedwithgreatslaughter.Buttraitorswereamongstthem,whoguidedtheFrenchtotheirrear.HoferescapedintothehigherAlps,butthirtyoftheotherleadersweretakenandshotwithoutmercy.AnothertraitorguidedtheFrenchtoHofer'sretreatinthehighwintryAlps.Hehadbeenearnestlyimploredtoquitthecountry,butherefused.AstheFrenchsurroundedhishut,onthe17thofFebruary,1810,hecameoutcalmlyandsubmitted.HewascarriedtothefortressofMantua,andNapoleonsentanorderthatheshouldbeshotwithinfour-and-twentyhours.Hewouldnotsufferhimselftobeblindfolded,norwouldhekneel,butexclaimed—"IstandbeforemyCreator,and,standing,IwillrestoretoHimthespiritHegave!"Thusdied,onthe20thofFebruary,1810,thebraveHofer—anothermurderedman,anothervictimofthesanguinaryvengeanceofBuonaparteagainstwhateverwaspatrioticandindependent.

  • 如萱紫儿klCw9

    Insculptureatthisperiodwestoodmuchlowerthaninpainting.HerewehadnoHogarth,norevenaThornhill.Allthatwasofanyvalueinthisartproceededfromthechiselsofforeigners,andeveninthatwhatanimmensedistancefromthegrandsimplicityoftheancients!ThesculptureofItalyandFrancewasintheascendant,butBerniniandRoubiliachadlittleincommonwithPhidiasandPraxiteles,andourownsculptorspresentedamelancholycontrasttotheworkofartistsoftheworstageofGreeceorRome;thereisscarcelyanamethatisworthmentioning.ThebestofthenativesculptorswasJohn[164]Bushnell,whowasemployedbyWrentoexecutethestatuesofthekingsatTempleBar;andFrancisBird,whowasalsoemployedlaterbyWrentoexecute"TheConversionofSt.Paul,"inthepedimentofthenewcathedral,thebas-reliefsundertheportico,andthegroupinfront,allofaveryordinarycharacter.HisbestworkisthemonumentofDr.BusbyinthetranseptofWestminsterAbbey.BesidesthisheexecutedthemonumentofSirCloudesleyShovel,alsoatWestminster,andthebronzestatueofHenryVI.,inthequadrangleofEtonCollege,bothveryindifferent.GibbsandBirdexecutedtheponderousandtastelessmonumentofHolles,DukeofNewcastle,atWestminster,andthefineoldminsterisdisgracedbyacrowdofstillmorecontemptibleproductionsofthisperiod.Thesecanonlybeequalledinwretchednessbytheworksofatradingschool,whosuppliedcopiesinleadofancientgods,goddesses,shepherds,shepherdesses,etc.,forthegardensofthenobility,whichsoonswarmedinlegionsinallthegardensandareasinandaroundthemetropolis.AmongstthechiefdealersinthistrafficwereCheereandCharpentier,whoemployedforeignartists,even,forsuchimages,anditwasthefortuneofRoubiliactocommencehisEnglishcareerwiththeformerofthesetraders.ThethreechiefforeignersofthisperiodwereRysbraeck,Scheemakers,andRoubiliac,whowerecopyistsoftheFrenchsculptorsCoysevox,Bouchardon,andLeMoyne,asthesehadbeenofBernini.

  • 但法国4WOPe

    Eachunionofparishes,oreachparish,iflargeandpopulousenough,wasplacedunderthemanagementofaboardofguardians,electedannuallybytheratepayers;butwhereunderpreviousActsanorganisationexistedsimilartothatofunionsorboardsofguardians,underthePoorLawAmendmentActthesewereretained.ThefollowingtableexhibitsthelocaldivisionsofEnglandandWalesmadeunderthatAct:

     ThiswasaseriouspositionofaffairsfortheconsiderationofthenewWhigMinistry.Theywerecalledontodeclare,eitherthatIrelandwaspartoftheempire,andsubjecttothesamelaws,asregardedtheempire,asGreatBritain,orthatitwasdistinctlyaseparateempireunderthesameking,justasHanoverwas.TheMinistryofRockinghamhavebeenseverelyblamedbyonepoliticalparty,andhighlylaudedbyanother,forconcedingtheclaimsofIrelandonthatheadsoreadily;fortheycametotheconclusiontoyieldthemfully.Theywerebynomeansblindtothe[290]difficultiesofthecase,andtotheevilsthatmightarisefromadecisioneitherway.ButthecasewiththepresentMinistrywasoneofsimplenecessity.EnglandhadcommittedthegreaterrorofrefusingallconcessiontodemandedrightsinthecaseofAmerica,andnowlayapparentlytooexhaustedbythefighttocompelsubmission,withallEuropeinarmsagainsther.Ireland,awareofthis,wasinarms,anddeterminedtoprofitbythecrisis.Fox,therefore,onthe17thofMay,announcedtheintentionofMinistersatoncetoacknowledgetheindependenceofIrelandbyrepealingtheActofthe6thofGeorgeI.Fox,inhisspeech,declaredthatitwasfarbettertohavetheIrishwillingsubjectstotheCrownthanbitterenemies.TheBillrepealingthe6thofGeorgeI.accordinglypassedbothHousesasamatterofcourse,andtheeffectuponIrelandwassuch,thatinthefirstebullitionofthenationaljoytheIrishHouseofCommonsvotedonehundredthousandpoundstoraisetwentythousandseamen.TheIrishCommons,moreover,offeredtograntGrattan,forhispatrioticandsuccessfulexertionsinthiscause,asimilarsum,topurchasehimanestate.Grattan—thoughapoorman,hisincomeatthattimescarcelyexceedingfivehundredpoundsayear—disinterestedlyrefusedsuchasum,andwasonlywithdifficultyinducedultimatelytoaccepthalfofit.

  • 大笨蛋kWR4A

    v

  • 扒皮成TtCDU

     Encouragedbythisunwontedsuccess(forthewordsofthespeaker,remindingthemofthecomingelections,hadsunkdeepintomanyhearts).Dunningimmediatelymovedasecondproposition,namely,thatitwascompetenttothatHousetoexamineintoandcorrectanyabusesoftheCivilList,aswellasofanyotherbranchofthepublicrevenue.Theresolutionwascarriedwithoutadivision.Immediatelyontheheelsofthis,ThomasPittmovedthatitwasthedutyoftheHousetoredresswithoutdelaythegrievancesenumeratedinthepetitionsofthepeople.LordNorthimploredthattheywouldnotproceedanyfurtherthatnight;butthisresolutionwasalsoputandcarried,likewisewithoutdivision.Immediately,thoughitwaspastoneo'clockinthemorning,Foxmovedthatallthesemotionsshouldbereported.LordNorth,intheutmostconsternation,declaredthisprocedurewas"violent,arbitrary,andunusual;"butFoxpressedhismotion,anditwascarried,liketherest,withoutadivision,andtheReportwasbroughtup.

  • 草莓果XxlZf

     [Seelargerversion]

  • 绿卡纸1Ls5v

     

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