中华人民共和国主席令

yXhOv-news 发布时间: 2020-07-05 11:43:31

“幸运飞艇定位胆计划网【vZ9Un】”I.67).

Meanwhile,therewasadeepthoughsubduedexcitementamongthepriestsofSt.Sulpice.Therightofnamingtheirowngovernor,whichtheyclaimedasseigniorsofMontreal,hadbeenviolatedbytheactionofFrontenacinplacingLaNouguèreincommandwithoutconsultingthem.Perrotwasabadgovernor;butitwastheywhohadchosenhim,andtherecollectionofhismisdeedsdidnotreconcilethemtoasuccessorarbitrarilyimposeduponthem.Boththeyandthecolonists,theirvassals,wereintenselyjealousofQuebec;and,intheirindignationagainstFrontenac,theymorethanhalfforgavePerrot.NoneamongthemallwassoangryastheAbbéFénelon.HebelievedthathehadbeenusedtolurePerrotintoatrap;andhispastattachmenttothegovernor-generalwasturnedintowrath.Highwordshadpassedbetweenthem;and,whenFénelonreturnedtoMontreal,heventedhisfeelingsinasermonplainlylevelledatFrontenac.[6]Sosharpandbitterwasit,thathisbrethrenofSt.Sulpicehastenedtodisclaimit;andDollierdeCasson,theirSuperior,stronglyreprovedthepreacher,whoprotestedinreturnthathiswordswerenotmeanttoapplytoFrontenacinparticular,butonlytobadrulersingeneral.Hisoffences,however,didnotceasewiththesermon;forheespousedthecauseof36Perrotwithmorethanzeal,andwentaboutamongthecoloniststocollectattestationsinhisfavor.WhenthesethingswerereportedtoFrontenac,hisirewaskindled,andhesummonedFénelonbeforethecouncilatQuebectoanswerthechargeofinstigatingsedition.

Theoffendingtribemustnow,onewouldthink,haveceasedtobedangerous;butnothinglessthanitsdestructionwouldcontenttheFrenchofficials.Tothisend,theirbestresourcewasintheirIndianallies,amongwhomtheOutagamieshadnomoredeadlyenemythantheHuronsofDetroit,who,farfromrelentinginviewoftheirdisasters,weremoreeagerthanevertowreaktheirireontheirunfortunatefoe.Accordingly,theysentmessengerstotheconvertedIroquoisattheMissionofTwoMountains,andinvitedthemtojoininmakinganendoftheOutagamies.Theinvitationwasaccepted,andintheautumnof1731forty-sevenwarriorsfromtheTwoMountainsappearedatDetroit.Thepartywassoonmadeup.Itconsistedofseventy-fourHurons,forty-sixIroquois,andfourOttawas.TheytookthetrailtothemouthoftheriverSt.Joseph,thencearoundtheheadofLakeMichigantotheChicagoportage,andthencewestwardtoRockRiver.HerewerethevillagesoftheKickapoosandMascoutins,whohadbeenalliesoftheOutagamies,buthavinglatelyquarrelledwiththem,receivedthestrangersasfriendsandgavethemguides.Thepartynowfilednorthward,byforestsandprairies,towardsthe[Pg342]Wisconsin,tothebanksofwhichstreamtheOutagamieshadlatelyremovedtheirvillages.Thewarriorswereallonsnow-shoes,fortheweatherwascoldandthesnowdeep.Someoftheelders,overcomebythehardshipsoftheway,calledacouncilandproposedtoturnback;butthejuniorswereforpushingonatallrisks,andayoungwarriordeclaredthathewouldratherdiethangohomewithoutkillingsomebody.Theresultwasadivisionoftheparty;theeldersreturnedtoChicago,andtheyoungermen,fortyHuronsandthirtyIroquois,keptontheirway.Toarmeverymaninhisgovernmentwouldhavebeendifficult.Hedid,however,whathecould,andorderedCaptainNanfan,thelieutenant-governor,torepairtoAlbany;whence,onthefirstnewsthattheFrenchwereapproaching,hewastomarchtothereliefoftheIroquoiswiththefourshatteredcompaniesofregularsandasmanyofthemilitiaofAlbanyandUlsterashecouldmuster.ThentheearlsentWessels,mayorofAlbany,topersuadetheIroquoistodelivertheirprisonerstohim,andmakenotreatywithFrontenac.Onthesameday,hedespatchedCaptainJohnSchuylertocarryhisletterstotheFrenchgovernor.WhenSchuylerreachedQuebec,anddeliveredtheletters,Frontenacreadthemwithmarksofgreatdispleasure."MyLordBellomontthreatensme,"hesaid."DoeshethinkthatIamafraidofhim?HeclaimstheIroquois,buttheyarenoneofhis.Theycallmefather,andtheycallhimbrother;andshallnotafatherchastisehischildrenwhenheseesfit?"Aconversationfollowed,inwhichFrontenacaskedtheenvoywhatwasthestrengthofBellomont'sgovernment.Schuylerparriedthequestionbyagrotesqueexaggeration,andansweredthattheearlcouldbringaboutahundredthousandmenintothefield.Frontenacpretendedtobelievehim,andreturnedwithcarelessgravitythathehadalwaysheardso.

[318]ReportsofCouncilofWar,11-21Oct.1755.

V1forgery,orcomplicityinit,seemstohavehadnoscrupleinmattersofbusiness,andafterthewarwasaccusedoftreasonabledealingswiththeFrenchandSpaniardsinthewest.[457]Hewasambitiousandviolent,yetableinmorewaysthanone,bynomeansuneducated,andsoskilledinwoodcraft,soenergeticandresolute,thathisserviceswereinvaluable.Inrecountinghisownadventures,hisstyleisdirect,simple,withoutboasting,andtoallappearancewithoutexaggeration.Duringthepastsummerhehadraisedabandofmen,chieflyNewHampshireborderers,andmadeaseriesofdaringexcursionswhichgavehimaprominentplaceinthishardyby-playofwar.Inthespringofthepresentyearheraisedanothercompany,andwascommissionedasitscaptain,withhisbrotherRichardashisfirstlieutenant,andtheintrepidJohnStarkashissecond.InJulystillanothercompanywasformed,andRichardRogerswaspromotedtocommandit.Beforethefollowingspringthereweresevensuch;andmorewereafterwardsadded,formingabattaliondispersedonvariousservice,butallundertheordersofRobertRogers,withtherankofmajor.[458]Theserangersworeasortofwoodlanduniform,whichvariedinthedifferentcompanies,andwerearmedwithsmooth-boreguns,loadedwithbuckshot,bullets,orsometimesboth.[89]TheagentofMassachusettsatLondon,speakingofthethreechiefoffenders,saysthattheywereneither"ofEnglishextraction,nornativesoftheplace,andtwoofthemwereverynewcomers."JeremiahDummer,LettertoaNobleLordconcerningthelateExpeditiontoCanada.

[22]RobertLivingstonurgedtheoccupationofDetroitasearlyas1700.N.Y.Col.Docs.,iv.650.

ForChamplaintherewasnorest.Adoublemotiveurgedhim,—discovery,andthestrengtheningofhiscolonybywideningitscircleoftrade.First,herepairedtoCarhagouha;andherehefoundthefriar,inhishermitage,stillpraying,preaching,makingcatechisms,andstrugglingwiththemanifolddifficultiesoftheHurontongue.Afterspendingseveralweekstogether,theybegantheirjourneyings,andinthreedaysreachedthechiefvillageoftheNationofTobacco,apowerfultribeakintotheHurons,andsoontobeincorporatedwiththem.Thetravellersvisitedsevenoftheirtowns,andthenpassedwestwardtothoseofthepeoplewhomChamplaincallstheCheveaxReleves,andwhomhecommendsforneatnessandingenuitynolessthanhecondemnsthemforthenullityoftheirsummerattire.Asthestrangerspassedfromtowntotown,theirarrivalwaseverywherethesignaloffestivity.Champlainexchangedpledgesofamitywithhishosts,andurgedthemtocomedownwiththeHuronstotheyearlytradeatMontreal.25Juin,1660;Relation,1660,5;Juchereau,Histoirede

Wenowcometothesecondpartofthememoir,entitled"HistoryofMonsieurdelaSalle."AfterstatingthatheleftFranceattheageoftwenty-oneortwenty-two,withthepurposeofattemptingsomenewdiscovery,itmakesthestatementsrepeatedinaformerchapter,concerninghisdiscoveryoftheOhio,theIllinois,andpossiblytheMississippi.ItthenmentionsthebuildingofFortFrontenac,andsaysthatoneobjectofitwastopreventtheJesuitsfrombecomingundisputedmastersofthefur-trade.[88]Threeyearsago,itpursues,LaSallecametoFrance,andobtainedagrantofthefort;anditproceedstogiveexamplesofthemeansusedbythepartyopposedtohimtoinjurehisgoodnameandbringhimwithinreachofthelaw.Once,whenhewasatQuebec,thefarmeroftheKing'srevenue,oneoftherichest[Pg113]menintheplace,wasextremelyurgentinhisproffersofhospitality,andatlength,thoughheknewLaSallebutslightly,persuadedhimtolodgeinhishouse.Hehadbeenherebutafewdayswhenhishost'swifebegantoenactthepartofthewifeofPotiphar,andthiswithsomuchvivacitythatononeoccasionLaSallewasforcedtotakeanabruptleave,inordertoavoidaninfringementofthelawsofhospitality.Asheopenedthedoor,hefoundthehusbandonthewatch,andsawthatitwasaplottoentraphim.[89]

V2laybehindtheirlinestilldaybreak;thenthedrumsbeat,andtheyformedinorderofbattle.[629]ThebattalionsofLaSarreandLanguedocwerepostedontheleft,underBourlamaque,thefirstbattalionofBerrywiththatofRoyalRoussilloninthecentre,underMontcalm,andthoseofLaReine,Béarn,andGuienneontheright,underLévis.AdetachmentofvolunteersoccupiedthelowgroundsbetweenthebreastworkandtheoutletofLakeGeorge;while,atthefootofthedeclivityonthesidetowardsLakeChamplain,werestationedfourhundredandfiftycolonyregularsandCanadians,behindanabattiswhichtheyhadmadeforthemselves;andastheywerecoveredbythecannonofthefort,therewassomehopethattheywouldcheckanyflankmovementwhichtheEnglishmightattemptonthatside.Theirpostsbeingthusassigned,themenfelltoworkagaintostrengthentheirdefences.IncludingthosewhocamewithLévis,thetotalforceofeffectivesoldierswasnowthirty-sixhundred.[630]

[13]CaptivityofJohnGyles.Gyleswasoneoftheinhabitants.VILLEMARIE.

[301]JonathanCaswelltoJohnCaswell,6July,1755.

V1hewastallandimposinginperson,andofundoubtedcapacityandcourage;butoldand,accordingtohisenemies,veryavaricious.[48]TheColonialMinistergavehimspecialinstructionsregardingthatthorninthesideofCanada,Oswego.Toattackitopenlywouldbeindiscreet,asthetwonationswereatpeace;buttherewasawayofdealingwithitlesshazardous,ifnotmorelawful.ThiswastoattackitvicariouslybymeansoftheIroquois."IfAbbéPiquetsucceedsinhismission,"wrotetheMinistertothenewGovernor,"wecaneasilypersuadethesesavagestodestroyOswego.Thisisoftheutmostimportance;butactwithgreatcaution."[49]InthenextyeartheMinisterwroteagain:"TheonlymeansthatcanbeusedforsuchanoperationintimeofpeacearethoseoftheIroquois.Ifbymakingthesesavagesregardsuchanestablishment[Oswego]asopposedtotheirliberty,and,sotospeak,ausurpationbywhichtheEnglishmeantogetpossessionoftheirlands,theycouldbeinducedtoundertakeitsdestruction,anoperationofthesortisnottobeneglected;butM.leMarquisdelaJonquièreshouldfeelwithwhatcircumspectionsuchanaffairshouldbeconducted,andheshouldlabortoaccomplishitinamannernottocommithimself."[50]TothisLa79

[6]Lalemant,Relation,1646,17.

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  • 雨花郡主YO9zw

    hadnoblessealreadyfallenfromitsoldestate.

     LASALLEBEGINSANEW.

  • 雪灵芝e9lG1

    Fromthefirst,theservicesofthiszealousmissionaryhadbeenbeyondprice.Prévosttestifiesthat,thoughCornwallisdoeshisbesttoinducetheAcadianstoswearfidelitytoKingGeorge,LeLoutrekeepstheminallegiancetoKingLouis,andthreatenstosethisIndiansuponthemunlesstheydeclareagainsttheEnglish."Ihavealready,"addsPrévost,"paidhim11,183livresforhisdailyexpenses;andIneverceaseadvisinghimtobeaseconomicalaspossible,andalwaystotakecarenottocompromisehimselfwiththeEnglishGovernment."[91]Inconsequenceof"goodservicetoreligionandthestate,"LeLoutrereceivedapensionofeighthundredlivres,asdidalsoMaillard,hisbrothermissionaryonCapeBreton."Thefearis,"writestheColonialMinistertotheGovernorofLouisbourg,"thattheirzealmaycarrythemtoofar.ExcitethemtokeeptheIndiansinourinterests,butdonotletthemcompromiseus.ActalwayssoastomaketheEnglishappearasaggressors."[92]

  • 如萱紫儿3y2jz

    Theaide-de-campJohnstone,mountedonhorseback,hadstoppedforamomentinwhatisnowthesuburbofSt.Johntoencouragesomesoldierswhoweretryingtosaveacannonthathadstuckfastinamarshyhollow;when,onspurringhishorsetothehigherground,hesawwithinmusket-shotalonglineofBritishtroops,whoimmediately302

  • 但法国minIZ

    [300]ThewholeofthiscorrespondencebetweenBeaujeuandLaSallewillbefoundinMargry,ii.

     Eighthundredregularswerealreadyinthecolony,andeighthundredmoreweresentinthespring,withahundredandsixty-eightthousandlivresinmoneyandsupplies.[30]Denonvillewaspreparedtostrike.Hehadpushedhispreparationsactively,yetwithextremesecrecy;forhemeanttofallontheSenecasunawares,andshatteratablowthemainspringofEnglishintrigue.Harmonyreignedamongthechiefsofthecolony,military,civil,andreligious.TheintendantMeuleshadbeenrecalledonthecomplaintsofthegovernor,whohadquarrelledwithhim;andanewintendant,Champigny,hadbeensentinhisplace.HewasaspiousasDenonvillehimself,and,likehim,wasinperfectaccordwiththebishopandtheJesuits.Allwroughttogethertopromotethenewcrusade.

  • 大笨蛋3pDnn

    v

  • 扒皮成yRFsO

    Foratimetheyboreonprosperously.Thenthewinddiedtoacalm,thenfreshenedtoagale,thenrosetoafurioustempest;andthevesseltossedwildlyamongtheshort,steep,perilouswavesoftheraginglake.EvenLaSallecalledonhisfollowerstocommendthemselvestoHeaven.Allfelltotheirprayersbutthegodlesspilot,whowasloudincomplaintagainsthiscommanderforhavingbroughthim,afterthehonorhehadwonontheocean,todrownatlastignominiouslyinfreshwater.Therestclamoredtothesaints.St.AnthonyofPaduawaspromisedachapeltobebuiltinhishonor,ifhewouldbutsavethemfromtheirjeopardy;whileinthesamebreathLaSalleandthefriarsdeclaredhimpatronoftheirgreatenterprise.[131]Thesaintheardtheirprayers.[Pg153]Theobedientwindsweretamed;andthe"Griffin"plungedonherwaythroughfoamingsurgesthatstillgrewcalmerassheadvanced.Nowthesunshoneforthonwoodyislands,BoisBlancandMackinawandthedistantManitoulins,—ontheforestwastesofMichiganandthevastbluebosomoftheangrylake;andnowherportwaswon,andshefoundherrestbehindthepointofSt.IgnaceofMichilimackinac,floatinginthattranquilcovewherecrystalwaterscoverbutcannothidethepebblydepthsbeneath.BeforeherrosethehouseandchapeloftheJesuits,enclosedwithpalisades;ontheright,theHuronvillage,withitsbarkcabinsanditsfenceoftallpickets;ontheleft,thesquarecompacthousesoftheFrenchtraders;and,notfaroff,theclusteredwigwamsofanOttawavillage.[132]HerewasacentreoftheJesuitmissions,andacentreoftheIndiantrade;andhere,undertheshadowofthecross,wasmuchsharppracticeintheserviceofMammon.Keentraders,withorwithoutalicense,andlawlesscoureursdebois,whomafewyearsofforestlifehadweanedfromcivilization,madeSt.Ignacetheirresort;andherethereweremanyofthemwhenthe"Griffin"came.TheyandtheiremployershatedandfearedLaSalle,who,sustainedashewasbythegovernor,mightsetatnoughttheprohibitionoftheKing,debarringhimfromtrafficwiththesetribes.Yet,whileplotting[Pg154]againsthim,theytookpainstoallayhisdistrustbyashowofwelcome.

     

  • 草莓果pz2oq

    [268]Whiletheplan,asproposedinthememorial,wasclearlyimpracticable,thesubsequentexperienceoftheFrenchinTexastendedtoprovethatthetribesofthatregioncouldbeusedwithadvantageinattackingtheSpaniardsofMexico,andthataninroadonacomparativelysmallscalemighthavebeensuccessfullymadewiththeirhelp.In1689,Tontyactuallymadetheattempt,asweshallsee,butfailed,fromthedesertionofhismen.In1697,theSieurdeLouvignywrotetotheMinisteroftheMarine,askingtocompleteLaSalle'sdiscoveries,andinvadeMexicofromTexas.(LettredeM.deLouvigny,14Oct.,1697.)Inanunpublishedmemoiroftheyear1700,theseizureoftheMexicanminesisgivenasoneofthemotivesofthecolonizationofLouisiana.

     1716.EditsetOrdonnances,II.443.

  • 绿卡纸drsMf

    [3]Ragueneau,RelationdesHurons,1646,55.

     

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