【新華微視評】自主研發對手機有多重要?

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“幸运飞艇正规平台网址”35);LaTour,ViedeLaval,Liv.VI.;EsquissedelaViede210"Vousditesquel'entreprisedeMontréalestd'unedépenseinfinie,plusconvenableàunroiqu'àquelquesparticuliers,tropfaiblespourlasoutenir;&vousalléguezencorelespérilsdelanavigation&lesnaufragesquipeuventlaruiner.Vousavezmieuxrencontréquevousnepensiez,endisantquec'estune?uvrederoi,puisqueleRoidesroiss'enmêle,luiàquiobéissentlamer&lesvents.Nousnecraignonsdoncpaslesnaufrages;iln'ensusciteraquelorsquenousenauronsbesoin,&qu'ilseraplusexpédientpoursagloire,quenouscherchonsuniquement.Commentavez-vouspumettredansvotreespritqu'appuyésdenospropresforces,nouseussionsprésumédepenseràunsiglorieuxdessein?SiDieun'estpointdansl'affairedeMontréal,sic'estuneinventionhumaine,nevousenmettezpointenpeine,ellenedureraguère.Cequevousprédisezarrivera,&quelquechosedepireencore;maissiDieul'aainsivoulu,quiêtes-vouspourluicontredire?C'étaitlareflexionqueledocteurGamalielfaisaitauxJuifs,enfaveurdesAp?tres;pourvous,quinepouveznicroire,nifaire,laissezlesautresenlibertédefairecequ'ilscroientqueDieudemanded'eux.Vousassurezqu'ilnesefaitplusdemiracles;maisquivousl'adit?oùcelaest-ilécrit?Jésus-Christassure,aucontraire,queceuxquiaurontautantdeFoiqu'ungraindesenevé,feront,ensonnom,desmiraclesplusgrandsqueceuxqu'ilafaitslui-même.Depuisquandêtes-vouslesdirecteursdesoperationsdivines,pourlesréduireàcertainstemps&danslaconduiteordinaire?Tantdesaintsmouvements,d'inspirations&devuesintérieures,qu'illuipla?tdedonneràquelquesamesdontilsesertpourl'avancementdecette?uvre,sontdesmarquesdesonbonplaisir.Jusqu'-ici,ilapourvuaunécessaire;nousnevoulonspointd'abondance,&nousespéronsquesaProvidencecontinuera."

[279]SeeChapterI.

"Byfire,"wasthereply.

HisexpulsionwasaSulpitiandefeat.Laval,alwayszealousforunityandcentralization,hadsometimebeforetakenstepstorepresswhatheregardedasatendencytoindependenceatMontreal.IntheprecedingyearhehadwrittentothePope:“Therearesomesecularpriests(Sulpitians)atMontreal,whomtheAbbédeQueylusbroughtoutwithhimin1657,andIhavenamedforthe

[12]LambervilletoLaBarre,28Aug.,1684,inN.Y.Col.Docs.,IX.257.

Thisvolumeattemptstosupplythedefect.Ofthelargeamountofwhollynewmaterialemployedinit,byfarthegreaterpartisdrawnfromthevariouspublicarchivesofFrance,andtherestfromprivatesources.ThediscoveryofmanyofthesedocumentsisduetotheindefatigableresearchofM.PierreMargry,assistant[Pgxii]directoroftheArchivesoftheMarineandColoniesatParis,whoselaborsasaninvestigatorofthemaritimeandcolonialhistoryofFrancecanbeappreciatedonlybythosewhohaveseentheirresults.InthedepartmentofAmericancolonialhistory,theseresultshavebeeninvaluable;for,besidesseveralprivatecollectionsmadebyhim,herenderedimportantserviceinthecollectionoftheFrenchportionoftheBrodheaddocuments,selectedandarrangedthetwogreatseriesofcolonialpapersorderedbytheCanadiangovernment,andpreparedwithvastlaboranalyticalindexesoftheseandofsupplementarydocumentsintheFrencharchives,aswellasacopiousindexofthemassofpapersrelatingtoLouisiana.ItistobehopedthatthevaluablepublicationsonthemaritimehistoryofFrancewhichhaveappearedfromhispenareanearnestofmoreextendedcontributionsinfuture.itwasthehighestcourtofappeal,itexercisedatfirstoriginaljurisdictioninverytrivialcases.*Itwasempoweredtoestablishsubordinatecourtsorjudgesthroughoutthecolony.BesidesthesetherewasajudgeappointedbythekingforeachofthethreedistrictsintowhichCanadawasdivided,thoseofQuebec,ThreeRivers,andMontreal.Toeachofthethreeroyaljudgeswerejoinedaclerkandanattorney-generalunderthesupervisionandcontroloftheattorney-generalofthesuperiorcourt,towhichtribunalappeallayfromallthesubordinatejurisdictions.Thejurisdictionoftheseigniorswithintheirownlimitshasalreadybeenmentioned.Theywereentitledbythetermsoftheirgrantstotheexerciseof“high,middle,andlowjustice;”butmostofthemwerepracticallyrestrictedtothelastofthethree,thatis,topettydisputesbetweenthehabitans,involvingnotmorethansixtysous,oroffencesforwhichthefinedidnotexceedtensous.**Thuslimited,theirjudgmentswereoftenusefulinsavingtime,trouble,andmoneytothedisputants.ThecorporateseigniorsofMontreallongcontinuedtoholdafeudalcourtinform,withattorney-general,clerk,andhuissier;butveryfewotherseigniorswereinaconditiontoimitatethem.Addedtoallthesetribunalswasthebishop’scourtatQuebectotrycausesheldtobewithintheprovinceofthechurch.

Ihavespokenofthecolonistsaslivinginastateoftemporalandspiritualvassalage.Tothistherewasoneexception,—asmallclassofmenwhosehomewastheforest,andtheircompanionssavages.TheyfollowedtheIndiansintheirroamings,livedwiththem,grewfamiliarwiththeirlanguage,alliedthemselveswiththeirwomen,andoftenbecameoraclesinthecampandleadersonthewar-path.Champlain'sboldinterpreter,étienneBrulé,whoseadventuresIhaverecountedelsewhere,[32]maybetakenasatypeofthisclass.Oftherest,themostconspicuouswereJeanNicollet,JacquesHertel,Fran?oisMarguerie,andNicolas166Marsolet.[33]Doubtless,whentheyreturnedfromtheirrovings,theyoftenhadpressingneedofpenanceandabsolution;yet,forthemostpart,theyweregoodCatholics,andsomeofthemwerezealousforthemissions.NicolletandotherswereattimessettledasinterpretersatThreeRiversandQuebec.Severalofthemweremenofgreatintelligenceandaninvinciblecourage.Fromhatredofrestraint,andloveofawildandadventurousindependence,theyencounteredprivationsanddangersscarcelylessthanthosetowhichtheJesuitexposedhimselffrommotiveswidelydifferent,—hefromreligiouszeal,charity,andthehopeofParadise;theysimplybecausetheylikedit.SomeofthebestfamiliesofCanadaclaimdescentfromthisvigorousandhardystock.

SaysMontcalm:"ThoseareShirley's—Iknowthelappels."

[428]Bougainville,Journal.

Part5PREFACE.

InSeptemberherejoinedTontyatMichilimackinac,andinthefollowingmonthwrotetoafriendinFrance:"Thoughmydiscoveryismade,andIhavedescendedtheMississippitotheGulfofMexico,Icannotsendyouthisyeareitheranaccountofmyjourneyoramap.OnthewaybackIwasattackedbyadeadlydisease,whichkeptmeindangerofmylifeforfortydays,andleftmesoweakthatIcouldthinkofnothingforfourmonthsafter.Ihavehardlystrengthenoughnowtowritemyletters,andtheseasonissofaradvancedthatIcannotdetainasingledaythiscanoewhichIsendexpresslytocarrythem.IfIhadnotfearedbeingforcedtowinterontheway,IshouldhavetriedtogettoQuebectomeetthenewgovernor,ifitistruethatwearetohaveone;butinmypresentconditionthiswouldbeanactofsuicide,onaccountofthebadnourishmentIshouldhaveallwinterincasethesnowandicestoppedmeontheway.Besides,mypresenceisabsolutelynecessaryintheplacetowhichIam[Pg312]going.Iprayyou,mydearsir,togivemeoncemoreallthehelpyoucan.Ihavegreatenemies,whohavesucceededinalltheyhaveundertaken.Idonotpretendtoresistthem,butonlytojustifymyself,sothatIcanpursuebyseatheplansIhavebegunherebyland."

FromthistimeforwardthestateofaffairsinAcadiawasapeculiarone.BytheTreatyofUtrechtitwasaBritishprovince,andthenominalsovereignty[Pg198]residedatAnnapolis,inthekeepingofthemiserablelittlefortandthepunygarrison,whichaslateas1743consistedofbutfivecompanies,counting,whentherankswerefull,thirty-onemeneach.[206]Moretroopswereoftenaskedfor,andonceortwicewerepromised;buttheywereneversent."Thishasbeenhithertonomorethanamockgovernment,itsauthorityneveryethavingextendedbeyondcannon-shotofthefort,"wroteGovernorPhilippsin1720."ItwouldbemoreforthehonouroftheCrown,andprofitalso,togivebackthecountrytotheFrench,thantobecontentedwiththenameonlyofgovernment."[207]Philippsrepairedthefort,which,astheengineerMascarenesays,"hadlaintumblingdown"beforehisarrival;butAnnapolisandthewholeprovinceremainedtotallyneglectedandalmostforgottenbyEnglandtillthemiddleofthecentury.AtonetimethesoldierswereinsoraggedaplightthatLieutenant-ColonelArmstrongwasforcedtoclothethemathisownexpense.[208]

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  • 雨花郡主aRA7T

    61Therewasnolackofvisitors,forthehouseoftheblack-robescontainedmarvels[2]thefameofwhichwasnoisedabroadtotheuttermostconfinesoftheHuronnation.Chiefamongthemwastheclock.Theguestswouldsitinexpectantsilencebythehour,squattedontheground,waitingtohearitstrike.Theythoughtitwasalive,andaskedwhatitate.Asthelaststrokesounded,oneoftheFrenchmenwouldcry"Stop!"—and,totheadmirationofthecompany,theobedientclockwassilent.Themillwasanotherwonder,andtheywerenevertiredofturningit.Besidesthese,therewasaprismandamagnet;alsoamagnifying-glass,whereinafleawastransformedtoafrightfulmonster,andamultiplyinglens,whichshowedthemthesameobjecteleventimesrepeated."Allthis,"saysBrébeuf,"servestogaintheiraffection,andmakethemmoredocileinrespecttotheadmirableandincomprehensiblemysteriesofourFaith;fortheopiniontheyhaveofourgeniusandcapacitymakesthembelievewhateverwetellthem."[3]

     [57]Called,onMarquette'smap,"Ouabouskiaou."Onsomeoftheearliestmaps,itiscalled"Ouabache"(Wabash).

  • 雪灵芝XnPPr

    StateofAcadia?ThreatenedInvasion?PeriloftheEnglish?TheirPlans?FrenchFortstobeattacked?BeauséjouranditsOccupants?FrenchTreatmentoftheAcadians?JohnWinslow?SiegeandCaptureofBeauséjour?AttitudeofAcadians?InfluenceoftheirPriests?TheyRefusetheOathofAllegiance?TheirConditionandCharacter?PretendedNeutrals?ModerationofEnglishAuthorities?TheAcadianspersistintheirRefusal?EnemiesorSubjects??ChoiceoftheAcadians?TheConsequence?TheirRemovaldetermined?WinslowatGrandPré?ConferencewithMurray?SummonstotheInhabitants?TheirSeizure?TheirEmbarkation?TheirFate?TheirTreatmentinCanada?Misapprehensionconcerningthem.

  • 如萱紫儿Lqmvd

    THETORMENTEDFRONTIER.

  • 但法国yWON9

     [57]PapersintheArchivesofMassachusetts.Amongthese,aletterofRev.JohnWilliamstothegovernor,21October,1703,statesthatthepalisadeisrotten,andmustberebuilt.

  • 大笨蛋RT4db

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  • 扒皮成Vgn2l

    [320]Rameau,NoteshistoriquessurlaColonieCanadienneduDetroit.

     [3]AlittleMS.mapinM.JacquesViger'scopyofLePetitRegistredelaCuredeMontreal,laysdownthepositionandshapeofthefortatthistime,andshowsthespotwhereMaisonneuveplantedthecross.

  • 草莓果1VX3D

    [199]écritdesHabitantsd'AnnapolisRoyale,25Aoust,1714;MémoiredeLaRondeDenys,30Aoust,1714.

     

  • 绿卡纸uPMAZ

     

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