24小时国内要闻TOP10:2018年全国两会新闻中心“开张”

BAjFz-news 发布时间: 2020-07-16 07:47:44

“幸 运 飞 艇 家 网”"Ithought,"writesBougainville,"thattheGovernorwouldhavetoldthemtheyshouldhaveneitherprovisionsnorpresentstillalltheEnglishweregivenup;thathehimselfwouldhavegonetotheirhutsandtakentheprisonersfromthem;andthattheinhabitantswouldbeforbidden,undertheseverestpenalties,fromsellingorgivingthembrandy.Isawthecontrary;andmysoulshudderedatthesightsmyeyesbeheld.Onthefifteenth,attwoo'clock,inthepresenceofthewholetown,theykilledoneoftheprisoners,puthimintothekettle,andforcedhiswretchedcountrymentoeatofhim."TheIntendantBigot,thefriendoftheGovernor,confirmsthisstory;and5

Forafewbriefyears,hisreignwasindeedsalutarytoFrance.Hisjudgmentofmen,whennotobscuredbyhisprideandhispassionforflattery,wasgood;andhehadathisservicethegeneralsandstatesmenformedinthefreerandbolderepochthathadendedwithhisaccession.AmongthemwasJeanBaptisteColbert,formerlytheintendantofMazarin’shousehold,amanwhoseenergiesmatchedhistalents,andwhohadpreservedhisrectitudeinthemidstofcorruption.ItwasahardtaskthatColbertimposedonhisproudandviolentnaturetoservetheimperiousking,morbidlyjealousofhisauthority,andresolvedto

V2andsentCaptainsKennedyandHamiltonwithaflagoftruceandamessageofpeacetotheAbenakisofSt.Francis,who,hethought,wonoverbytheseadvances,mightpermitthetwoofficerstopassunmolestedtoQuebec.ButtheAbenakisseizedthemandcarriedthemprisonerstoMontreal;onwhichAmherstsentMajorRobertRogersandabandofrangerstodestroytheirtown.[749]Thedifficulttaskremainedtoprovidethenecessaryfunds.Lavalimposedatitheofone-thirteenthonallproductsofthesoil,or,asafterwardssettled,ongrainsalone.Thistithewaspaidtotheseminary,andbytheseminarytothepriests.Thepeople,unusedtosuchaburden,clamoredandresisted;andMézy,inhisdisputeswiththebishop,hadtakenadvantageoftheirdiscontent.Itbecamenecessarytoreducethetithetoatwenty-sixth,which,astherewaslittleornomoneyamongtheinhabitants,waspaidinkind.Nevertheless,thescatteredandimpoverishedsettlersgrudgedeventhiscontributiontothesupportofapriestwhommanyofthemrarelysaw;andthecollectionofitbecameamatterofthegreatestdifficultyanduncertainty.Howthekingcametotherescue,weshallhereaftersee.

Andhemakesavarietyofproposals,bywhichhehopestogetridofapartofhisresponsibilitytohiscorrespondent.Hebegshimagaintosendoutaconfidentialagent,sayingthatforhisparthedoesnotwanttohaveanyaccounttorender,exceptthatwhichheowestothecourt,ofhisdiscoveries.Headds,strangelyenoughforamanburdenedwithsuchliabilities,"Ihaveneitherthehabitnortheinclinationtokeepbooks,norhaveIanybodywithmewhoknowshow."Hesaystoanothercorrespondent,"Ithink,likeyou,thatpartnershipsinbusinessaredangerous,onaccountofthelittlepracticeIhaveinthesematters."Itisnotsurprisingthathewantedtoleavehisassociatestomanagebusinessforthemselves:"Youknowthatthistradeisgood;andwithatrustyagenttoconductitforyou,yourunnorisk.Asforme,Iwillkeepthechargeoftheforts,thecommandofpostsandofmen,themanagementofIndiansandFrenchmen,andtheestablishmentofthecolony,whichwillremainmyproperty,leavingyouragentandmineto[Pg332]lookafterourinterests,anddrawingmyhalfwithouthavinganyhandinwhatbelongstoyou."

[6]MémoireduRoypourFrontenacetChampigny,26Mai,1696;Ibid.,27Avril,1697;RegistresduConseilSupérieur,Editdu21Mai,1696."Victory!victory!"gaspedthebreathlessmessenger."TheFrenchfortisours!"Andheflunghisarmsaboutthechaplain'sneck.'

V1andthesufferingemigrantspinedmoreandmorefortheirdesertedfarms.Thitherhewasresolvedthattheyshouldnotreturn."Ifyougo,"hetoldthem,"youwillhaveneitherpriestsnorsacraments,butwilldielikemiserablewretches."[250]Theassertionwasfalse.Priestsandsacramentshadneverbeendeniedthem.ItistruethatDaudin,priestofPisiquid,hadlatelybeensenttoHalifaxforusinginsolentlanguagetothecommandant,threateninghimwithaninsurrectionoftheinhabitants,andexcitingthemtosedition;butonhispromisetochangeconduct,hewassentbacktohisparishioners.[251]VergorsustainedLeLoutre,andthreatenedtoputinironsanyoftheexileswhotalkedofgoingbacktotheEnglish.SomeofthembethoughtthemselvesofanappealtoDuquesne,anddrewupapetitionaskingleavetoreturnhome.LeLoutretoldthesignersthatiftheydidnoteffacetheirmarksfromthepapertheyshouldhaveneithersacramentsinthislifenorheaveninthenext.HeneverthelessallowedtwoofthemtogotoQuebecasdeputies,writingatthesametimetotheGovernor,thathismindmightbedulyprepared.Duquesnereplied:"IthinkthatthetworascalsofdeputieswhomyousentmewillnotsoonrecoverfromthefrightIgavethem,notwithstandingtheemollientIadministeredaftermyreprimand;andsinceItoldthemthatthey245

[6]"Cethospitalesttellementseparédenostredemeure,quenonseulementleshommesetenfans,maislesfemmesypeuuentestreadmises."—Ibid.,1644,74.Tocomprehendhisactionsandmotives,itisnecessarytoknowhisideasinregardtotherelationsofchurchandstate.Theywerethoseoftheextremeultramontanes,whicharecentJesuitpreacherhasexpressedwithtolerabledistinctness.InasermonutteredintheChurchofNotreDame,atMontreal,onthefirstofNovember,1872,hethusannouncedthem.“ThesupremacyandinfallibilityofthePope;theindependenceandlibertyofthechurch;thesubordinationandsubmissionofthestatetothechurch;incaseofconflictbetweenthem,thechurchtodecide,thestatetosubmit:forwhoeverfollowsanddefendstheseprinciples,lifeandablessing;forwhoeverrejectsandcombatsthem,deathandacurse.”*

Thepestilence,whichfortwoyearspasthadfromtimetotimevisitedtheHurontowns,nowreturnedwithtenfoldviolence,andwithitsoonappearedanewandfearfulscourge,—thesmall-pox.Terrorwasuniversal.Thecontagionincreasedasautumnadvanced;andwhenwintercame,farfromceasing,asthepriestshadhoped,itsravageswereappalling.TheseasonofHuronfestivitywasturnedtoaseasonofmourning;andsuchwasthedespondencyanddismay,thatsuicidebecamefrequent.TheJesuits,singlyorinpairs,journeyedinthedepthofwinterfromvillagetovillage,ministeringtothesick,andseekingtocommendtheirreligiousteachingsbytheireffortstorelievebodilydistress.Happily,perhaps,fortheirpatients,theyhadnomedicinebutalittlesenna.Afewraisinswereleft,however;andoneortwoofthese,withaspoonfulofsweetenedwater,werealwayseagerlyacceptedbythesufferers,whothoughtthemendowedwithsomemysteriousandsovereignefficacy.Nohousewasleftunvisited.Asthemissionary,physicianatoncetobodyandsoul,enteredoneofthesesmokydens,hesawtheinmates,theirheadsmuffledintheirrobesofskins,seatedaroundthefiresinsilentdejection.Everywherewasheardthewailofsickanddyingchildren;andonorundertheplatformsatthesidesofthehousecrouchedsqualidmenandwomen,inallthestagesofthedistemper.TheFatherapproached,made88inquiries,spokewordsofkindness,administeredhisharmlessremedies,orofferedabowlofbrothmadefromgamebroughtinbytheFrenchmanwhohuntedforthemission.[4]Thebodycaredfor,henextaddressedhimselftothesoul."Thislifeisshort,andverymiserable.Itmatterslittlewhetherweliveordie."Thepatientremainedsilent,orgrumbledhisdissent.TheJesuit,afterenlargingforatime,inbrokenHuron,onthebrevityandnothingnessofmortalwealorwoe,passednexttothejoysofHeavenandthepainsofHell,whichhesetforthwithhisbestrhetoric.Hispicturesofinfernalfiresandtorturingdevilswerereadilycomprehended,ifthelistenerhadconsciousnessenoughtocomprehendanything;butwithrespecttotheadvantagesoftheFrenchParadise,hewasslowofconviction."Iwishtogowheremyrelationsandancestorshavegone,"wasacommonreply."HeavenisagoodplaceforFrenchmen,"saidanother;"butIwishtobeamongIndians,fortheFrenchwillgivemenothingtoeatwhenIgetthere."[5]Oftenthepatientwasstolidlysilent;sometimeshewashopelesslyperverseandcontradictory.Again,NaturetriumphedoverGrace."Whichwillyouchoose,"demanded89thepriestofadyingwoman,"HeavenorHell?""Hell,ifmychildrenarethere,asyousay,"returnedthemother."DotheyhuntinHeaven,ormakewar,orgotofeasts?"askedananxiousinquirer."Oh,no!"repliedtheFather."Then,"returnedthequerist,"Iwillnotgo.Itisnotgoodtobelazy."Butaboveallotherobstacleswasthedreadofstarvationintheregionsoftheblest.Nor,whenthedyingIndianhadbeeninducedatlasttoexpressadesireforParadise,wasitaneasymattertobringhimtoaduecontritionforhissins;forhewoulddenywithindignationthathehadevercommittedany.Whenatlength,assometimeshappened,allthesedifficultiesgaveway,andthepatienthadbeenbroughttowhatseemedtohisinstructorafittingframeforbaptism,thepriest,withcontentmentathisheart,broughtwaterinacuporinthehollowofhishand,touchedhisforeheadwiththemysticdrop,andsnatchedhimfromaneternityofwoe.Buttheconvert,evenafterhisbaptism,didnotalwaysmanifestasatisfactoryspiritualcondition."WhydidyoubaptizethatIroquois?"askedoneofthedyingneophytes,speakingoftheprisonerrecentlytortured;"hewillgettoHeavenbeforeus,and,whenheseesuscoming,hewilldriveusout."[6]

ThereisbeforemeascheduleofthedebtsofLaSalle,madeafterhisdeath.Itincludesaclaimofthismanforwagestotheamountof2,500livres.

V1unboundedfaithinthecauseforwhichhestood,andabilitieswhichwithoutwealthorstrongconnectionsweredestinedtoplacehimontheheightofpower.Themiddleclass,asyetalmostvoiceless,lookedtohimasitschampion;buthewasnotthechampionofaclass.Hispatriotismwasascomprehensiveasitwashaughtyandunbending.HelivedforEngland,lovedherwithintensedevotion,knewher,believedinher,andmadehergreatnesshisown;orrather,hewashimselfEnglandincarnate.

[26]LeMinistreàFrontenac,4Juin,1695;Ibid.,8Juin,1695.

WhenWalkerandhisshipsreachedSpanishRiver,hecalledanothercouncilofwar.Thequestionwaswhether,havingfailedtotakeQuebec,theyshouldtrytotakePlacentia;anditwasresolvedthattheshortsupplyofprovisions,theimpossibilityofgettingmorefromBostonbeforethefirstofNovember,andtherisksoftheautumnalstorms,madetheattemptimpracticable.Accordingly,theNewEnglandtransportssailedhomeward,andtheBritishfleetsteeredfortheThames.

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  • 雨花郡主e3Vkh

    TheDirector-General,withahumanitythatwasfarfromusualwithhim,exchangedJogues'ssqualidandsavagedressforasuitofDutchcloth,andgavehimpassageinasmallvesselwhichwasthenabouttosail.Thevoyagewasroughandtedious;andthepassengersleptondeckoronacoilofropes,sufferinggreatlyfromcold,andoftendrenchedbythewavesthatbrokeoverthevessel'sside.AtlengthshereachedFalmouth,onthesoutherncoastofEngland,whenallthecrewwentashoreforacarouse,leavingJoguesaloneonboard.Aboatpresentlycamealongsidewithagangofdesperadoes,whoboardedher,andrifledherofeverythingvaluable,threatenedJogueswithapistol,androbbedhimofhishatandcoat.HeobtainedsomeassistancefromthecrewofaFrenchshipintheharbor,and,onthedaybeforeChristmas,tookpassageinasmallcoalvesselfortheneighboringcoastofBrittany.InthefollowingafternoonhewassetonshorealittletothenorthofBrest,and,seeingapeasant'scottagenotfaroff,heapproachedit,andaskedthewaytothenearestchurch.Thepeasantandhiswife,asthenarrativegravelytellsus,mistook237him,byreasonofhismodestdeportment,forsomepoor,butpiousIrishman,andaskedhimtosharetheirsupper,afterfinishinghisdevotions,aninvitationwhichJogues,halffamishedashewas,gladlyaccepted.Hereachedthechurchintimefortheeveningmass,andwithanunutterablejoykneltbeforethealtar,andrenewedthecommunionofwhichhehadbeendeprivedsolong.Whenhereturnedtothecottage,theattentionofhishostswasatonceattractedtohismutilatedanddistortedhands.Theyaskedwithamazementhowhecouldhavereceivedsuchinjuries;andwhentheyheardthestoryofhistortures,theirsurpriseandvenerationknewnobounds.Twoyounggirls,theirdaughters,beggedhimtoacceptalltheyhadtogive,—ahandfulofsous;whilethepeasantmadeknownthecharacterofhisnewguesttohisneighbors.AtraderfromRennesbroughtahorsetothedoor,andofferedtheuseofittoJogues,tocarryhimtotheJesuitcollegeinthattown.Hegratefullyacceptedit;and,onthemorningofthefifthofJanuary,1644,reachedhisdestination.

     RUINOFFRENCHACADIA.

  • 雪灵芝ejjnt

    Atlengththeofficiatingchiefsgavethewordtopreparefortheceremony.Therelicsweretakendown,openedforthelasttime,andthebonescaressedandfondledbythewomenamidparoxysmsoflamentation.[5]Thenalltheprocessionswere76formedanew,and,eachbearingitsdead,movedtowardstheareapreparedforthelastsolemnrites.Astheyreachedtheground,theydefiledinorder,eachtoaspotassignedtoit,ontheouterlimitsoftheclearing.Herethebearersofthedeadlaidtheirbundlesontheground,whilethosewhocarriedthefuneralgiftsoutspreadanddisplayedthemfortheadmirationofthebeholders.Theirnumberwasimmense,andtheirvaluerelativelyverygreat.Amongthemweremanyrobesofbeaverandotherrichfurs,collectedandpreservedforyears,withaviewtothisfestival.Fireswerenowlighted,kettlesslung,and,aroundtheentirecircleoftheclearing,thescenewaslikeafairorcaravansary.Thiscontinuedtillthreeo'clockintheafternoon,whenthegiftswererepacked,andthebonesshoulderedafresh.Suddenly,atasignalfromthechiefs,thecrowdranforwardfromeverysidetowardsthescaffold,likesoldierstotheassaultofatown,scaleditbyrudeladderswithwhichitwasfurnished,andhungtheirrelicsandtheirgiftstotheforestofpoleswhichsurmountedit.Thentheladderswereremoved;andanumberofchiefs,standingonthescaffold,haranguedthecrowdbelow,praisingthedead,andextollingthegifts,whichtherelativesofthedepartednowbestowed,intheirnames,upontheirsurvivingfriends.

  • 如萱紫儿DZr3B

  • 但法国xkauD

     [338]Seeacrowdofpartypamphlets,QuakeragainstPresbyterian,whichappearedatPhiladelphiain1764,abusivelyacrimoniousonbothsides.

  • 大笨蛋pN6yQ

    v

  • 扒皮成RdcOi

    V2thequestionofagainattackingTiconderoga.Boththoughttheseasontoolate.Afortnightafter,adeserterbroughtnewsthatMontcalmwasbreakinguphiscamp.Abercrombyfollowedhisexample.Theopposingarmiesfiledoffeachtoitswinterquarters,andonlyafewscoutingpartieskeptalivetheembersofwaronthewatersandmountainsofLakeGeorge.

     

  • 草莓果VGrGn

    V2Vaudreuil,lookingacrosstheSt.Lawrence,couldseethetentsofHaviland'slittlearmyonthesouthernshore.Bourlamaque,Bougainville,andRoquemaure,abandonedbyalltheirmilitia,hadcrossedtoMontrealwiththefewregularsthatremainedwiththem.Thetownwascrowdedwithnon-combatantrefugees.Here,too,wasnearlyalltheremainingforceofCanada,consistingoftwenty-twohundredtroopsofthelineandsometwohundredcolonytroops;foralltheCanadianshadbythistimegonehome.Manyoftheregulars,especiallyofthecolonytroops,hadalsodeserted;andtherestweresobrokenindisciplinethattheirofficerswereforcedtouseentreatiesinsteadofcommands.Thethreearmiesencampedaroundthecityamountedtoseventeenthousandmen;[851]AmherstwasbringinguphiscannonfromLaChine,andthetownwallwouldhavecrumbledbeforetheminanhour.

     Thefiveships,occasionsofthisturmoilandalarm,hadlainatSt.MalowaitingforcannonandmunitionsfromNormandyandChampagne.Theywaitedinvain,andastheKing'sorderswerestringentagainstdelay,itwasresolvedthatCartiershouldsailatonce,leavingRobervaltofollowwithadditionalshipswhentheexpectedsuppliesarrived.

  • 绿卡纸YA9Ue

    [653]JournalofaReconnoitringParty,Aug.1758.ThewriterseemstohavebeenEnsignChew,ofWashington'sregiment.

     EightAlgonquins,inoneofthosefitsofdesperatevalorwhichsometimesoccurinIndians,enteredatmidnightacampwherethirtyorfortyIroquoiswarriorswereburiedinsleep,andwithquick,sharpblowsoftheirtomahawksbegantobrainthemastheylay.Theykilledtenofthemonthespot,andwoundedmanymore.Therest,panic-strickenandbewilderedbythesurpriseandthethickdarkness,fledintotheforest,leavingalltheyhadinthehandsofthevictors,includinganumberofAlgonquincaptives,ofwhomonehadbeenunwittinglykilledbyhiscountrymenintheconfusion.Anothercaptive,awoman,hadescapedonapreviousnight.Theyhadstretchedheronherback,withlimbsextended,andboundherwristsandanklestofourstakesfirmlydrivenintotheearth,—theirordinarymodeofsecuringprisoners.Then,asusual,theyallfellasleep.Shepresentlybecameawarethatthecordthatboundoneofherwristswassomewhatloose,and,bylongandpainfulefforts,shefreedherhand.Toreleasetheotherhandandherfeetwasthencomparativelyeasy.Shecautiouslyrose.Aroundher,314breathingindeepsleep,laystretchedthedarkformsoftheunconsciouswarriors,scarcelyvisibleinthegloom.Shesteppedoverthemtotheentranceofthehut;andhere,asshewaspassingout,shedescriedahatchetontheground.ThetemptationwastoostrongforherIndiannature.Sheseizedit,andstruckagainandagain,withallherforce,ontheskulloftheIroquoiswholayattheentrance.Thesoundoftheblows,andtheconvulsivestrugglesofthevictim,rousedthesleepers.Theysprangup,gropinginthedark,anddemandingofeachotherwhatwasthematter.Atlengththeylightedarollofbirch-bark,foundtheirprisonergoneandtheircomradedead,andrushedoutinarageinsearchofthefugitive.She,meanwhile,insteadofrunningaway,hadhidherselfinthehollowofatree,whichshehadobservedtheeveningbefore.Herpursuersranthroughthedarkwoods,shoutingandwhoopingtoeachother;andwhenallhadpassed,shecreptfromherhiding-place,andfledinanoppositedirection.Inthemorningtheyfoundhertracksandfollowedthem.Ontheseconddaytheyhadovertakenandsurroundedher,when,hearingtheircriesonallsides,shegaveupallhope.Butnearathand,inthethickestdepthsoftheforest,thebeavershaddammedabrookandformedapond,fullofgnawedstumps,deadfallentrees,rankweeds,andtangledbushes.Sheplungedin,and,swimmingandwading,foundahiding-place,whereherbodywasconcealedbythewater,andherheadbythemassesofdeadandlivingvegetation.Herpursuerswereat315fault,and,afteralongsearch,gaveupthechaseindespair.Shivering,naked,andhalf-starved,shecrawledoutfromherwildasylum,andresumedherflight.Byday,thebriersandbushestoreherunprotectedlimbs;bynight,sheshiveredwithcold,andthemosquitoesandsmallblackgnatsoftheforestpersecutedherwithtormentswhichthemodernsportsmanwillappreciate.Shesubsistedonsuchroots,bark,reptiles,orothersmallanimals,asherIndianhabitsenabledhertogatheronherway.Shecrossedstreamsbyswimming,oronraftsofdriftwood,lashedtogetherwithstripsoflinden-bark;andatlengthreachedtheSt.Lawrence,where,withtheaidofherhatchet,shemadeacanoe.HerhomewasontheOttawa,andshewasignorantofthegreatriver,or,atleast,ofthispartofit.ShehadscarcelyevenseenaFrenchman,buthadheardoftheFrenchasfriends,andknewthattheirdwellingswereonthebanksoftheSt.Lawrence.Thiswasheronlyguide;andshedriftedonherway,doubtfulwhetherthevastcurrentwouldbearhertotheabodesofthelivingortothelandofsouls.ShepassedthewaterywildernessoftheLakeofSt.Peter,andpresentlydescriedaHuroncanoe.Fearingthatitwasanenemy,shehidherself,andresumedhervoyageintheevening,whenshesooncameinsightofthewoodenbuildingsandpalisadesofThreeRivers.SeveralHuronssawheratthesamemoment,andmadetowardsher;onwhichsheleapedashoreandhidinthebushes,whence,beingentirelywithoutclothing,shewould316notcomeouttilloneofthemthrewherhiscoat.Havingwrappedherselfinit,shewentwiththemtothefortandthehouseoftheJesuits,inawretchedstateofemaciation,butinhighspiritsatthehappyissueofhervoyage.[4]

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