《今日关注》 20191119 示威抗议蔓延多地 伊朗谴责美国鼓动暴乱

eRYCS-news 发布时间: 2020-07-11 08:23:44

“901彩票下载安卓【注册大礼】”NapoleonmarchedtriumphantlyforwardstowardsBerlin.InLeipzicheconfiscatedBritishmerchandisetothevalueofaboutthreemillionssterling.HeenteredBerlinonthe27thofOctober.AshetraversedthefieldofRossbach,whereFredericktheGreathadannihilatedaFrencharmy,heorderedhissoldierstodestroythesmallcolumnthatcommemoratedthatevent.HetookuphisresidenceinthepalaceoftheKingofPrussiaatBerlin.ThewoundedandblindDukeofBrunswickentreatedoftheconquerorthathishereditaryStateofBrunswickmightbelefthim,butBuonaparterefusedinharshandinsultingterms.Moreover,heorderedhistroopstomarchonthatterritoryandtown,andthedyingdukewascompelledtobecarriedawayonalitterbymenhiredforthepurpose,forallhisofficersanddomesticshaddesertedhim.Buonapartehadaparticularpleasureinpersecutingthisunhappyman,becausehewasbrother-in-lawtoGeorgeIII.andfather-in-lawtotheheirtotheBritishCrown;buthealsowantedhisdukedomtoaddtothekingdomofWestphalia,whichhewasplanningforhisbrotherJerome.Theduke'ssonrequestedofBuonaparteleavetolayhisbodyinthetombofhisancestors,buttheruthlesstyrantrefusedthispetitionwiththesamesavagebluntness,andtheyoungdukevowedeternalvengeance,and,ifhedidnotquitelivetodischargehisoath,hisblackBrunswickersdiditatWaterloo.

Asthisroutwastakingplace,Bulow,whohadbeatenbacktheFrenchbattalionsfromFrischermontandPlanchenoit,wasapproachingLaBelleAlliance,andBlucherwiththemainarmysoonafterappearedfollowinghim.AtafarmhousecalledMaisonRouge,orMaisonduRoi,behindLaBelleAlliance,theDukeofWellingtonandBluchermetandfelicitatedeachother.Blucher,intheContinentalmanner,embracedandkissedthevictoriousDuke;anditwasagreedthat,asthearmyofWellingtonhadbeenfightinghardforeighthours,thePrussiansshouldmakethepursuit.BluchersworethathewouldfollowtheFrenchwhilstahorseoramancouldmove,and,withthreecheersfromtheBritish,hesetforwardwithhistroopsinchase.Sofarfrom"theGuardsdying,butnotsurrendering,"thesebravemenflewnowbeforethesternoldPrussian,andimmediatelyinthenarrowpassageatGenappetheyabandonedtohimsixtypiecesoftheircannon.AmongstotherspoiltheycapturedthecarriageofNapoleon,andfoundinit,amongstothercuriouspapers,aproclamationforpublicationthenextdayatBrussels.Asitwasmoonlight,thePrussianscontinuedthechasetilllateintothenight,slaughteringthefugitiveslikesheep.Numbersquittedtheroadandfledacrossthecountry,seekingshelterinthewoods,wheremanyofthemwereafterwardsfounddeadorseverelywounded.Thehighway,accordingtoGeneralGneisenau,wascoveredwithcannon,caissons,carriages,baggage,arms,andpropertyofeverykind.ThewoundedwerehumanelysenttoBrussels,butthosewhocouldcontinuetheirflightdidsotilltheyhadreachedFrance,wheretheysoldtheirhorsesandarms,anddispersedthemselvestotheirhomes.Thegrandarmywasnomore,withtheexceptionofthedivisionofGrouchy,whomadegoodhisretreattoParis,onlytobeupbraidedbyBuonaparteasthecauseofhisdefeat.InthisbattleandretreattheFrenchlostmorementhanatLeipsic,thekilledandwoundedexceedingthirtythousand.ThuswasdestroyedinEgyptalltheprestigeofthebattlesofAlexandriaandAboukirBay.Theconsequenceofthesetwobadly-plannedandworse-executedexpeditionswasthedeclarationofwaragainstBritainbythePorte,theseizureofallBritishpropertyintheTurkishdominions,andtheformationofaclosealliancebetweenTurkeyandFrance.ButthetriumphovertheBritishhadnotrelievedtheTurksoftheRussians.AdmiralSiniavinstillblockadedtheDardanelles,andanotherRussiansquadron,issuingfromtheBlackSea,blockadedthemouthoftheBosphorus.TheTurkscameboldlyoutoftheDardanellesandattackedSiniavinonthe22ndofMayandonthe22ndofJune;butonbothoccasionstheylostseveralships,andwereexpectingheavierinflictionsfromtheRussians,whentheyweresuddenlyrelievedoftheirpresencebythenewsoftheTreatyofTilsit,whichhadbeencontractedbetweenAlexanderofRussiaandBuonaparte.Alexander,bythis,ceasedtobetheally,andbecametheenemyofBritain.Itwasnecessary,therefore,forSiniavintomakeallspeedfortheBalticbeforewarcouldbedeclaredbetweenthetwonations,afterwhichhisreturnwouldbehopeless.TheRussianadmiral,however,beforequittingtheMediterranean,hadthepleasureoftakingpossessionofCorfu,whichBuonapartehadmadeovertoAlexander.

Parliamentreassembled,accordingtotheMinister'splan,attheunusuallyearlydateofthe22ndofJanuary,1846.TheQueen'sSpeech,readbyherMajestyinperson,thusalludedtothetopicmostprominentinthepublicmind:—

Accordingly,CharlescoulddonothingbutmaintainhispositionforthepresentinScotland,andsendoffamessengertoFrancetoannouncehiswonderfulsuccess,andtourgethatnowwasthemomenttohastenovertroopsandsupplies,andsecuretheCrownandfriendshipofEnglandforever.HesentoverMr.KellytotheFrenchCourtandtohisfather,andforamomenttherewasalivelydispositionatVersaillestostriketheblow.Thekingimmediatelydespatchedsomesuppliesofmoneyandarms,someofwhichwereseizedbyEnglishcruisers,andsomeofwhicharrivedsafely.TherewasalsoatalkofsendingoverCharles'sbrother,Henry,DukeofYork,attheheadoftheIrishregimentsandofothers,andactivepreparationsweremadeforthepurposeatDunkirk.Butagainthisflashofenthusiasmdiedout,andCharles,threeweeksafterKelly,sentoverSirJamesStewarttoaidhiminhissolicitations.Butallwasinvain.TheFrenchagainseemedtoweightheperiloftheexpedition,andontheirpartcomplainedthattheJacobitesshowednozealinEngland,withoutwhichtheinvasionwouldbemadness.Thusthetimewentby,tilltheDutchandEnglishtroopslandedinEngland,andtheopportunitywaslost.

ThearmyofJosephdispersedatfullspeed,andasourcavalrycouldnotpursuethemacrossthehedgesandditches,theymanagedtoescape,andmadetheirwaytoPampelunainonewild,chaoticherd.Onthefieldtheyprofesstohavelefteightthousandmeninkilledandwounded,buttheirlosswasfargreater.Theyleft,also,onehundredandfifty-onepiecesofbrassordnance,fourhundredandfifteencaissons,morethanfortythousandroundsofammunition,nearlytwomillionmusketballcartridges,fortythousandsixhundredandsixty-eightpoundsofgunpowder,fifty-sixforage[59]waggons,andforty-fourforgewaggons.Thealliedarmyhadkilled,British,fivehundredandone;Portuguese,onehundredandfifty;Spaniards,onlyeighty-nine:wounded,British,twothousandeighthundredandseven;Portuguese,eighthundredandninety-nine;Spanish,fourhundredandsixty-four.LordWellingtonreportedtheconductofalmosteveryofficerengagedasadmirable.KingJosephdidnotstoptillhewassafe,foratime,withinthestrongwallsofPampeluna,butthegarrisontherewouldnotadmittherabbleherdoffugitives,butsentthemofflikeenemies;andtheywereforcedtocontinuetheirflightintothePyrenees.

WilkesenteredtheTowerinalltheelationofspiritswhichtheoccasionofactingthepoliticalheroinspired.HewassoonvisitedbytheDukesofBoltonandGrafton,andLordTemple,who,aswellashisownfriends,hissolicitor,andcounsel,wererefusedadmittance.Hishousewasentered,andhispaperswereseizedandexaminedbyWood,theUnder-SecretaryofState,andCarteretWebb,theSolicitortotheTreasury.Onthe3rdofMayWilkeswasconveyedtotheCourtofCommonPleas,beforeSirCharlesPratt,wherehiscasewasstatedbyMr.SerjeantGlynn,andthenWilkeshimselfmadeaspeechofanhourlong.Onthe6thofMayhewasbroughtuptohearthejointopinionofthejudges,whichwasthat,thoughgeneralwarrantsmightnotbestrictlyillegal,thearrestofWilkescouldnotbemaintained,onaccountofhisprivilegeasamemberofParliament;thatnothingshortoftreasonfelony,andanactualbreachofthepeace,couldinterferewiththatprivilege,andthatalibelcouldnotbetermedabreachofthepeace.ThejudgmentoftheBench,therefore,wasthatMr.Wilkesbedischargedfromhisimprisonment.

LordLoftus,£30,000forboroughs,andmadeanEnglishmarquis.

Onthe10thofSeptemberthePrussiansbegantoexaminethepassesoftheforest;andfindingthemdefended,theyattackedtheFrenchentrenchmentsbutwereeverywhererepulsed.Onthe11th,theyconcentratedtheireffortsonthepassofGrand-Pré,defendedbyDumouriezhimself,andwereagainrepulsedbyGeneralMirandaatMortaume,andbyGeneralStengelatSt.Jouvion.TheAllies,thusunexpectedlybroughttoacheck,fortheyhadbeenledbytheEmigrantstoexpectadisorganisedorasyetundisciplinedarmy,determinedtoskirttheforestandendeavourtoturnitnearSedan.Whilstengagedinthisplan,theAustriansdiscoveredtheweaknessoftheforceinthedefileofCroix-aux-Bois,whereonlytwobattalionsandtwosquadronsofvolunteerswereposted,forDumouriezhadnotexaminedthepasshimselfandwasassuredthatthisforcewasamplysufficient.Onceawareofthismistake,theAustrians,undertheDukedeLigne,brisklyattackedthepositionanddrovetheFrenchbeforethem.Dumouriez,informedofthisdisorder,orderedforwardGeneralChasotwithastrongforce,whodefeatedtheAustrians,killedDeLigne,andrecoveredthepass.Buttheadvantagewasbutmomentary;theAustriansreturnedtothechargewithafarsuperiorforce,andagainclearedthepassandremainedinpossessionofit.ThusDumouriezsawhisgrandplanofdefencebrokenup;andfindingthatChasot,whohadfallenbackonVouziers,wascutofffromhimonhisleftalongwithDubouquet,hesawthenecessityoffallingbackhimselfintotherearofDillon,onhisright,whowasyetmasteroftheIslettesandtheroadtoSt.Menehould.HethensentmessagestoChasot,Dubouquet,andtoKellermann,todirecttheirmarchsoastomeethimatSt.Menehould.

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FLORAMACDONALD.(AfterthePortraitbyJ.Markluin,1747.)

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