陜西省級以上農産品質量安全縣將率先推進質量追溯全覆蓋

z0lFf-news 发布时间: 2020-07-11 12:17:00

“快3跨度【注册大礼】”[485]événementsdelaGuerreenCanada,1759,1760.

[582]Ofthisforce,accordingtoMante,only9,900werefitforduty.ThetableprintedbyKnox(I.127)showsatotalof11,112,besidesofficers,artillery,andrangers.TheAuthenticAccountoftheReductionofLouisbourg,byaSpectator,putstheforceat11,326men,besidesofficers.Entickmakesthewhole11,936.

Whentheking,orCardinalMazarinwhocontrolled4him,hadtriumphedovertherevoltingprinces,MademoiselledeMontpensierpaidthepenaltyofherexploitbyatemporarybanishmentfromthecourt.Sheroamedfromplacetoplace,withalittlecourtofherown,ofwhichMadamedeFrontenacwasaconspicuousmember.Duringthewar,CountFrontenachadbeendangerouslyillofafeverinParis;andhiswifehadbeenabsentforatime,attendinghim.Shesoonrejoinedtheprincess,whowasatherchateauofSt.Fargeau,threedays'journeyfromParis,whenanincidentoccurredwhichplacedthemarriedlifeofherfaircompanioninanunexpectedlight."TheDuchessedeSullycametoseeme,andbroughtwithherM.d'HerbaultandM.deFrontenac.Frontenachadstoppedhereoncebefore,butitwasonlyforaweek,whenhestillhadthefever,andtookgreatcareofhimselflikeamanwhohadbeenatthedoorofdeath.Thistimehewasinhighhealth.Hisarrivalhadnotbeenexpected,andhiswifewassomuchsurprisedthateverybodyobservedit,especiallyasthesurpriseseemedtobenotatallapleasantone.Insteadofgoingtotalkwithherhusband,shewentoffandhidherself,cryingandscreamingbecausehehadsaidthathewouldliketohavehercompanythatevening.Iwasverymuchastonished,especiallyasIhadneverbeforeperceivedheraversiontohim.TheelderComtessedeFiesqueremonstratedwithher;butsheonlycriedthemore.MadamedeFiesquethenbroughtbookstoshowherherdutyasawife;butitdidnogood,andatlastshegotintosuchastate5thatwesentforthecuréwithholywatertoexorciseher."[2]prominentmerchantsinleaguewiththem,engrossedallthetrade,sothattheinhabitantsatlargeprofitednothingbytherightwhichthecompanyhadceded;*andasthecouncillorscontrollednotonlythetradebutallthefinancialaffairsofCanada,whiletheremotenessoftheirsceneofoperationsmadeitdifficulttosupervisethem,theywereable,withlittlerisk,topursuetheirownprofit,tothedetrimentbothofthecompanyandthecolony.Theyandtheiralliesformedapettytradingoligarchy,aspernicioustotheprosperityofCanadaastheIroquoiswaritself.

Oneidas100200

DukeofYorkeinAmerica.SeeDoc.Hist.N.Y.I.71.

OnthesecondofSeptemberavesselwassenttoEnglandwithhislastdespatchtoPitt.Itbeginsthus:"Theobstacleswehavemetwithintheoperationsofthecampaignaremuchgreaterthanwehadreasontoexpectorcouldforesee;notsomuchfromthenumberoftheenemy(thoughsuperiortous)asfromthenaturalstrengthofthecountry,whichtheMarquisofMontcalmseemswiselytodependupon.WhenIlearnedthatsuccorsofallkindshadbeenthrownintoQuebec;thatfivebattalionsofregulartroops,completedfromthebestinhabitantsofthecountry,someofthetroopsofthecolony,andeveryCanadianthatwasabletobeararms,besidesseveralnationsofsavages,hadtakenthefieldinaveryadvantageoussituation,—IcouldnotflattermyselfthatIshouldbeabletoreducetheplace.Isought,however,anoccasiontoattacktheirarmy,knowingwellthatwiththesetroopsIwasabletofight,andhopingthatavictorymightdispersethem."Then,afterrecountingtheeventsofthecampaignwithadmirableclearness,hecontinues:"Ifoundmyselfsoill,andamstillsoweak,thatIbeggedthegeneralofficerstoconsulttogetherforthegeneralutility.Theyareallofopinionthat,asmoreshipsandprovisionsarenowgotabovethetown,theyshouldtry,byconveyingupacorpsoffourorfivethousandmen(whichisnearlythewholestrengthofthearmyafterthePointsofLeviandOrleansareleftinaproperstateofdefence),todrawtheenemy271

RegimentSizeHethenproceedstorecountatlengththeparticularsofhisallegedexploration.Thestorywasdistrustedfromthefirst.[200]Whyhadhenottolditbefore?Anexcessofmodesty,alackofself-assertion,oratoosensitivereluctancetowoundthesusceptibilitiesofothers,hadneverbeenfoundamonghisfoibles.Yetsome,perhaps,mighthavebelievedhim,hadhenotinthefirsteditionofhisbookgratuitouslyanddistinctlydeclaredthathedidnotmakethevoyageinquestion."Wehadsomedesigns,"hesays,"ofgoingdowntheriverColbert[Mississippi]asfarasitsmouth;butthetribesthattookusprisonersgaveusnotimetonavigatethisriverbothupanddown."[201]]

HavinggiventheprincipalchargesofDuchesneauagainstFrontenac,itistimetogivethoseofFrontenacagainstDuchesneau.Thegovernorsaysthatallthecoureursdeboiswouldbebroughttosubmissionbutfortheintendantandhisallies,whoprotectthem,andcarryontradebytheirmeans;thattheseigniorialhouseofDuchesneau'spartner,LaChesnaye,istheconstantresortoftheseoutlaws;andthatheandhisassociateshavelargestorehousesatMontreal,IsleSt.Paul,andRivièreduLoup,whencetheysendgoodsintotheIndiancountry,incontemptoftheking'sorders.[22]Frontenacalsocomplainsofnumberlessprovocationsfromtheintendant."ItisnofaultofminethatIamnotongoodtermswithM.Duchesneau;forIhavedoneeverythingIcouldtothatend,beingtoosubmissivetoyourMajesty'scommandsnottosuppressmysharpestindignationthemomentyourwillisknowntome.But,Sire,itisnotsowithhim;andhisdesiretoexcitenewdisputes,inthehopeofmakingmeappeartheir61principalauthor,hasbeensogreatthatthelastshipswerehardlygone,when,forgettingwhatyourMajestyhadenjoineduponusboth,hebeganthesedissensionsafresh,inspiteofallmyprecautions.IfIdepartfrommyusualreserveinregardtohim,andmakeboldtoaskjusticeatthehandsofyourMajestyforthewrongsandinsultsIhaveundergone,itisbecausenothingbutyourauthoritycankeepthemwithinbounds.IhaveneversufferedmoreinmylifethanwhenIhavebeenmadetoappearasamanofviolenceandadisturberoftheofficersofjustice:forIhavealwaysconfinedmyselftowhatyourMajestyhasprescribed;thatis,toexhortingthemtodotheirdutywhenIsawthattheyfailedinit.Thishasdrawnuponme,bothfromthemandfromM.Duchesneau,suchcuttingaffrontsthatyourMajestywouldhardlycreditthem."[23]

DouaydeclaresthatLaSallelivedanhourafterthefatalshot;thathegavehimabsolution,buriedhisbody,andplantedacrossonhisgrave.Atthetime,hetoldJouteladifferentstory;andthelatter,withthebestmeansoflearningthefacts,explicitlydeniesthefriar'sprintedstatement.Couture,ontheauthorityofCavelierhimself,alsosaysthatneitherhenorDouaywaspermittedtotakeanystepforburyingthebody.TontysaysthatCavelierbeggedleavetodoso,butwasrefused.Douay,unwillingtoplaceuponrecordfactsfromwhichtheinferencemighteasilybedrawnthathehadbeenterrifiedfromdischarginghisduty,nodoubtinventedthestoryoftheburial,aswellasthatoftheedifyingbehaviorofMoranget,afterhehadbeenstruckintheheadwithanaxe.

IhavespokenelsewhereofthetwoopposingpoliciesthatdividedCanada,—thepoliciesofconcentrationandofexpansion,ontheonehandleavingthewesttothekeepingoftheJesuits,andconfiningthepopulationtothebordersoftheSt.Lawrence;ontheother,theoccupationoftheinteriorofthecontinentbypostsofwarandtrade.[21]Throughtheforceofeventsthelatterviewhadprevailed;yetwhilethemilitarychiefsofCanadacouldnotbutfavorit,theJesuitswereunwillingtoacceptit,andvariousinterestsinthecolonystillopposeditopenlyorsecretly.Frontenachadbeenitsstrongestchampion,andCadillacfollowedinhissteps.Itseemed[Pg22]tohimthatthetimehadcomeforsecuringthewestforFrance.

[1]SeeIntroduction.JohnGilmaryShea.6vols.NewYork:1866-1872.)

[151]CostebelleàPonchartrain,3Décembre,1710.

[764]LettersinBostonPostBoy,No.97,andBostonEveningPost,No.1,258.

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网友评论

  • 雨花郡主B5DgD

    Cartiersetouttovisitthisgreasypotentate;ascendedtheriverSt.Charles,byhimcalledtheSt.Croix,landed,crossedthemeadows,climbedtherocks,threadedtheforest,andemergeduponasqualidhamletofbarkcabins.When,havingsatisfiedtheircuriosity,heandhispartywererowingfortheships,afriendlyinterruptionmetthematthemouthoftheSt.Charles.Anoldchiefharanguedthemfromthebank,men,boys,andchildrenscreechedwelcomefromthemeadow,andatroopofhilarioussquawsdancedknee-deepinthewater.Thegiftofafewstringsofbeadscompletedtheirdelightandredoubledtheiragility;and,fromthedistanceofamile,theirshrillsongsofjubilationstillreachedtheearsoftherecedingFrenchmen.

     [315]LettreduPèrelePetit,inLettresédifiantes;Dumont,Mémoireshistoriques,chap.xxvii.

  • 雪灵芝DaT4a

    Astothemannersandmoralsofthearmythereisconflictofevidence.Insomerespectsnothingcouldbemoreexemplary."Notachickenhasbeenstolen,"saysWilliamSmith,ofNewYork;while,ontheotherhand,ColonelEphraimWilliamswritestoColonelIsraelWilliams,thencommandingontheMassachusettsfrontier:"Weareawicked,profanearmy,especiallytheNewYorkandRhodeIslandtroops.NothingtobeheardamongagreatpartofthembutthelanguageofHell.IfCrownPointistaken,itwillnotbeforoursakes,butforthosegoodpeopleleftbehind."[299]Therewasedifyingregularityinrespecttoform.Sermonstwiceaweek,dailyprayers,andfrequentpsalm-singingalternatedwiththemuch-neededmilitarydrill.[300]"Prayersamongusnightandmorning,"writesPrivateJonathanCaswell,ofMassachusetts,tohisfather."Herewelie,knowingnotwhenweshallmarchforCrownPoint;butIhopenotlongtotarry.DesiringyourprayerstoGodformeasIamgoingtowar,IamYourEverDutifulson."[301]

  • 如萱紫儿zpqtR

    Pontgrave,however,soonsailedforFranceinthe"Jonas,"hopingonhiswaytoseizecertaincontrabandfur-traders,reportedtobeatCanseauandCapeBreton.PoutrincourtandChamplain,bentonfindingabettersitefortheirsettlementinamoresouthernlatitude,setoutonavoyageofdiscovery,inanill-builtvesselofeighteentons,whileLescarbotremainedinchargeofPortRoyal.Theyhadlittlefortheirpainsbutdanger,hardship,andmishap.Theautumngalescutshorttheirexploration;and,aftervisitingGloucesterHarbor,doublingMonoinoyPoint,andadvancingasfarastheneighborhoodofHyannis,onthesoutheastcoastofMassachusetts,theyturnedback,somewhatdisgustedwiththeirerrand.AlongtheeasternvergeofCapeCodtheyfoundtheshorethicklystuddedwiththewigwamsofaracewhowerelesshuntersthantillersofthesoil.AtChathamHarbor—calledbythemPortFortune—fiveofthecompany,who,contrarytoorders,hadremainedonshoreallnight,wereassailed,astheysleptaroundtheirfire,byashowerofarrowsfromfourhundredIndians.Twowerekilledoutright,whilethesurvivorsfledfortheirboat,bristlinglikeporcupineswiththefeatheredmissiles,—asceneoddlyportrayedbytheuntutoredpencilofChamplain.HeandPoutrincourt,witheightmen,hearingthewar-whoopsandthecriesforaid,sprangupfromsleep,snatchedtheirweapons,pulledashoreintheirshirts,andchargedtheyellingmultitude,whofledbeforetheirspectralassailants,andvanishedinthewoods."Thus,"observesLescarbot,"didthirty-fivethousandMidianitesflybeforeGideonandhisthreehundred."TheFrenchburiedtheirdeadcomrades;but,astheychantedtheirfuneralhymn,theIndians,atasafedistanceonaneighboringhill,weredancingingleeandtriumph,andmockingthemwithunseemlygestures;andnosoonerhadthepartyre-embarked,thantheydugupthedeadbodies,burntthem,andarrayedthemselvesintheirshirts.Littlepleasedwiththecountryoritsinhabitants,thevoyagersturnedtheirprowtowardsPortRoyal,thoughnotuntil,byatreacherousdevice,theyhadluredsomeoftheirlateassailantswithintheirreach,killedthem,andcutofftheirheadsastrophies.NearMountDesert,onastormynight,theirrudderbroke,andtheyhadahair-breadthescapefromdestruction.Thechiefobjectoftheirvoyage,thatofdiscoveringasitefortheircolonyunderamoresouthernsky,hadfailed.Pontgrave'ssonhadhishandblownoffbytheburstingofhisgun;severaloftheirnumberhadbeenkilled;othersweresickorwounded;andthus,onthefourteenthofNovember,withsomewhatdowncastvisages,theyguidedtheirhelplessvesselwithapairofoarstothelandingatPortRoyal.

  • 但法国e0IMn

    [9]LeMercier,RelationdesHurons,1638,38.

     FrontenacappearstohavehadalikingnotonlyforIndians,butalsoforthatrovingandlawlessclassoftheCanadianpopulation,thecoureursdebois,providedalwaysthattheywerenotintheserviceofhisrivals.Indeed,asregardstheCanadiansgenerally,herefrainedfromthestrictureswithwhichsucceedinggovernorsandintendantsfreelyinterlardedtheirdespatches.Itwasnothisinstincttoclashwiththehumblerclasses,andhegenerallyreservedhisangerforthosewhocouldretortit.

  • 大笨蛋q7JbC

    v

  • 扒皮成hALnp

    ThenextstrokeofthecampaignwastobethecaptureofCrownPoint,thatdangerousneighborwhich,foraquarterofacentury,hadthreatenedthenortherncolonies.Shirley,inJanuary,hadproposedanattackonittotheMinistry;andinFebruary,withoutwaitingtheirreply,helaidtheplanbeforehisAssembly.Theyacceptedit,andvotedmoneyforthepayandmaintenanceoftwelvehundredmen,providedtheadjacentcolonieswouldcontributeindueproportion.[290]Massachusettsshowedamilitaryactivityworthyofthereputationshehadwon.Forty-fivehundredof286

     

  • 草莓果Mjnw0

    Eachtriedincessantlytoout-generaltheother.Denonville,steadfastinhisplanofcontrollingthepassesofthewesterncountry,hadprojectedforts,notonlyatNiagara,butalsoatToronto,onLakeErie,andontheStraitofDetroit.Hethoughtthatatimehadcomewhenhecould,withoutrashness,securethislastimportantpassage;andhesentanordertoDuLhut,whowasthenatMichillimackinac,tooccupyitwithfiftycoureursdebois.[16]ThatenterprisingchiefaccordinglyrepairedtoDetroit,andbuiltastockadeattheoutletofLakeHurononthewesternsideofthestrait.Itwasnotamomenttoosoon.Theyearbefore,Donganhadsentapartyofarmedtradersinelevencanoes,commandedbyJohannesRooseboom,aDutchmanofAlbany,tocarryEnglishgoodstotheupperlakes.Theytradedsuccessfully,winninggoldenopinionsfromtheIndians,whobeggedthemtocomeeveryyear;and,thoughDenonvillesentanofficertostopthematNiagara,theyreturnedintriumph,afteranabsenceofthreemonths.[17]Alargerexpeditionwasorganizedintheautumnof1686.Rooseboomagainsetoutforthelakeswithtwentyormorecanoes.HewastowinteramongtheSenecas,andwaitthearrivalofMajorMcGregory,aScotchofficer,whowastoleaveAlbany129inthespringwithfiftymen,takecommandoftheunitedparties,andadvancetoLakeHuron,accompaniedbyabandofIroquois,toformageneraltreatyoftradeandalliancewiththetribesclaimedbyFranceashersubjects.[18]

     [156]Boston,devotedtofishing,shipbuilding,andforeigntrade,drewmostofitsprovisionsfromneighboringcolonies.(Dummer,LettertoaNobleLord.)ThepeopleonlyhalfbelievedthattheToryministryweresincereinattackingCanada,andsuspectedthatthesuddendemandforprovisions,sodifficulttomeetatonce,wasmeanttofurnishapretextforthrowingtheblameoffailureuponMassachusetts.Hutchinson,ii.173.

  • 绿卡纸u5FU6

    [6]Informationfaiteparnous,CharlesleTardieu,SieurdeTilly.Tillywasacommissionersentbythecounciltoinquireintotheaffair.

     Seignelay.

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