新疆调整完善17项纺织服装产业政策措施

LX3t0-news 发布时间: 2020-07-15 04:47:44

“北京pk10秘籍”THESOUTHSEABUBBLE.(AfterthePicturebyE.M.Ward,R.A.,intheNationalGallery,London.)

Encouragedbytheirsuccessagainstthecommercialtreaty,theWhigsdemandedthatthePretender,accordingtotheTreatyofPeace,shouldberequestedtoquitFrance.IthadbeenproposedbytheFrenchCourt,andprivatelyaccededtobyAnne,thatheshouldtakeuphisresidenceatBar-le-ducorLorraine.TheDukeofLorrainehadtakencaretoinquirewhetherthiswouldbeagreeabletothequeen,andwasassuredbyherMinisterthatitwouldbequiteso.Ashisterritory—thoughreallyaportionofFrance—wasnominallyanindependentterritory,itseemedtocomplywiththetermsoftheTreaty;buttheWhigsknewthatthiswasaweakpoint,andonthe29thofJuneLordWharton,withoutanypreviousnotice,movedinthePeersthatthePretendershouldremovefromtheDukeofLorraine'sdominions.TheCourtpartywascompletelytakenbysurprise,andtherewasanawkwardpause.AtlengthLordNorthventuredtosuggestthatsucharequestwouldshowdistrustofherMajesty;andheaskedwherewasthePretendertoretireto,seeingthatmost,ifnotall,thePowersofEuropewereonasfriendlytermswiththekingastheDukeofLorraine.LordPeterboroughsarcasticallyremarkedthatasthePretenderhadbegunhisstudiesatParis,hemightveryfitlygoandfinishthematRome.Noone,however,daredtoopposethemotion,whichwasaccordinglycarriedunanimously.Onthe1stofJuly,onlytwodaysafterwards,GeneralStanhopemadeasimilarmotionintheHouseofCommons,whichwasequallyafraidtoopposeit,seeingthattheHousewasstillundertheTriennialAct,andthiswasitslastsession.TheslightestexpressioninfavourofthePretenderwouldhavetobeansweredonthehustings,andtherewasalongsilence.SirWilliamWhitelock,however,wasboldenoughtothrowoutasignificantremark,thatherememberedthelikeaddressbeingformerlymadetotheProtectortohaveKingCharlesStuartremovedoutofFrance,"leavingtoeverymember'smindtosuggesthowsoonafterhereturnedtothethroneofEnglandnotwithstanding."TheaddressescarriedupfrombothHouseswerereceivedbythequeenwithanairofacquiescence,andwithpromisestodoherbesttohavethePretenderremoved.Prior,inParis,wasdirectedtomakethewishesofthepublicknowntotheFrenchGovernment.Butthiswasmerelyproforma;itwasunderstoodthattherewasnorealearnestnessonthepartoftheEnglishqueenorministry.Prior,writingtoBolingbroke,saidthatDeTorcyaskedhimquestions,whichforthebestreasonintheworldhedidnotanswer;as,forinstance,"Howcanweobligeamantogofromoneplacewhenweforbidallotherstoreceivehim?"Infact,theAbbéGualtier,inhisprivatecorrespondence,assuresusthatBolingbrokehimselfsuggestedtotheDukeofLorrainethepretextsforeludingtheverycommandsthathepubliclysenthim.

TheconfederacyofSpain,Austria,andSwedenagainstEnglandgreatlyencouragedthePretenderandhisparty.HisagentswereactiveonalmosteverycoastinEurope,undertheabledirectionofAtterbury.ButthereweretwonewallieswhomJamesacquiredatthistimewhodidhimlittleservice;thesewereLordNorthandtheDukeofWharton.TheywentovertotheContinent,andnotonlyopenlyavowedthemselvesasfriendsofthePretender,butrenouncedProtestantismandembracedPopery.LordNorth,however,foundhimselfsolittletrustedatthePretender'sCourt,notwithstandinghisapostasy,thathewenttoSpain,entereditsservice,andtherecontinuedtillhisdeath,in1734.WhartonalsoarrivedatMadrid,wherehefellinwithacongenialspirit.ThiswasRipperda,therenegadeDutchman,nowcreatedaDukeandmadePrimeMinisterofSpain.HehadlatelyreturnedfromamissiontoVienna,andwasasfulloffoolishboastingsasWhartonhimself.HetoldtheofficersofthegarrisonatBarcelonaonlanding,thattheEmperorwouldbringonehundredandfiftythousandmenintothefield;thatPrinceEugenehadengagedforasmanymorewithinsixmonthsofthecommencementofawar;thatinthatcaseFrancewouldbepillagedonallsides,theKingofPrussia,whomhewaspleasedtocalltheGrandGrenadier,wouldbechasedfromhiscountryinasinglecampaign,andKingGeorgeoutofbothHanoverbytheEmperor,andGreatBritainbythePretender;thatsolongashewasinauthoritythereshouldneverbepeacebetweenFranceandSpain.YettoMr.StanhopehedeclaredthatthoughhehadtalkedbothinViennaandSpaininfavourofthePretender,hewas,nevertheless,assincerelyattachedtotheinterestsofhisBritannicMajestyasoneofhisownsubjects;thathewouldprovethisonthefirstopportunity,andthatheonlytalkedashedidtopleasetheirCatholicmajesties,[55]andtoavoidbeingsuspectedasatraitor,andfallingintothehandsoftheInquisition,whichheknewkeptasharpeyeonhimasarecentconvert.Thevarioustriumphsinthedirectionoflibertyofconscienceevidenceasenseofcivilrightinthecommunity,whichforceditselfontheGovernment,ratherthanasenseofreligion.Butreligion,too,wasinsteadygrowth.TheDissentershadgreatlyincreasedduringthisperiod,andamongstthemthenamesofsomeoftheirministershadacquiredageneralreputation.RobertHall,ofLeicester,andafterwardsofBristol,threwanewlustreontheBaptistcommunity.HewasthesonofaBaptistminister,wasatfirsteducatedbyDr.Ryland,thelearnedBaptistpastorofNorthampton,andafterwardstookhisdegreeofM.A.atKing'sCollege,Aberdeen.HecommencedhisministerialcareerinBristol,andsubsequentlyresidedasministeratLeicesterfortwentyyears.Onthedeathofhisoldtutor,Dr.Ryland,hebecamethepresidentoftheBaptistAcademyatBristol,andpastorofBroadmeadChapel,inthattown.RobertHallwasnotinferiortoanyoftheclergyoftheEstablishmentinlearningoreloquence.HewasforelevenyearstheBaptistministerinCambridgebeforeremovingtoLeicester.InCambridgehesucceededtoamannearlyasremarkable,thecelebratedRobertRobinson.AtthisuniversitytownheattractedthenoticeofsomeoftheleadingEstablishedclergyandprofessors,andoftheworldatlarge,byhis"VindicationoftheFreedomofthePress,"andhissplendidsermon"OnModernInfidelity."Dr.ParrhasleftatestimonytothemeritsofRobertHallinhiswill,whichdoeshonourtohisliberality:—"Mr.Hallhas,likeJeremyTaylor,theeloquenceofanorator,thefancyofapoet,thesubtletyofaschoolman,theprofoundnessofaphilosopher,andthepietyofasaint."Tothesamebodybelongedthecelebratedauthorof"EssaysontheFormationofCharacter,"JohnFoster,alsoofBristol.

Besidesthoseenumerated,"TheFourElectionScenes,""TheEnragedMusician,""TheDistressedPoet,"and"EnglandandFrance"—allmadefamiliartothepublicbyengravings—areamongsthisbestworks.In1760occurredthefirstexhibitionofpicturesbyBritishartists,theworksofHogarthbeinganactuatingcause.HehadpresentedtotheFoundlingHospital,besideshis"MarchtoFinchley,"his"MarriageàlaMode,"andhis"MosesbroughtbeforePharaoh'sDaughter,"hismostsuccessfulpictureofthatkind;andHaymanandotherartistshavingfollowedhisexample,acompanyofartistsconceivedtheideathatanexhibitionoftheworksoflivingartistsmightbemadeprofitable.Hogarthfellreadilyintotheplan,tillitwasproposedtoaddtothisaroyalacademyofarts,whichheopposedwithallhismight.Hediedin1764,andwasburiedinthechurchyardatChiswick,wherealsoliesbyhissidehiswife,whosurvivedhimtwenty-fiveyears.Onthe20thofJanuaryaBillwasintroducedtotheHouseofLordsforthenaturalisationofthePrince.BythisAct,whichpassedthenextdaythroughtheHouseofCommons,thePrincewasdeclaredalreadyexempt,byanActpassedinthesixthyearofGeorgeIV.,fromtheobligationsthathadpreviouslyboundallpersonstoreceivetheLord'sSupperwithinonemonthbeforeexhibitionofaBillfortheirnaturalisation.AndtheBillwaspermittedtobereadthesecondtimewithouthishavingtakentheoathsofSupremacyandAllegiance,asrequiredbyanActpassedinthefirstyearofGeorgeI.ButonthesecondreadingintheHouseofLordstheDukeofWellingtonobjectedthatitwasnotmerelyaBill[468]fornaturalisingthePrince,butthatitalsocontainedaclausewhichwouldenablehim,"duringthetermofhisnaturallife,totakeprecedenceinrankafterherMajestyinParliament,andelsewhereasherMajestymightthinkfitandproper,"anylaw,statute,orcustomtothecontrarynotwithstanding.TheDukeofWellingtonstatedthatasthetitleoftheBillsaidnothingaboutprecedence,theHousehadnotreceivedduenoticeofitscontents;hethereforemovedtheadjournmentofthedebate.LordMelbourneremarkedthattheomissionwaspurelyaccidentaland,inhisopinion,ofnoimportance;atthesametimeheadmittedthatthisBilldiddifferinformfromothersimilarBills,asitgavetheQueenpowertobestowonPrinceAlbertahigherrankthanwasassignedtoPrinceGeorgeofDenmark,ortoPrinceLeopold.Butthereasonforthedifferencewastobefoundintherelativesituationoftheparties.LordBrougham,however,pointedoutapracticaldifficultythatmightpossiblyarise.Accordingtotheproposedarrangement,iftheQueenshoulddiebeforetherewasanyissuefromthemarriage,theKingofHanoverwouldreigninthiscountry,andhissonwouldbePrinceofWales.PrinceAlbertwouldthusbeplacedintheanomalouspositionofaforeignnaturalisedPrince,thehusbandofadeceasedQueen,withahigherrankthanthePrinceofWales.LordLondonderrydecidedlyobjectedtogivingaforeignPrinceprecedenceovertheBloodRoyal.Inconsequenceofthisdifferenceofopinionthedebatewasadjournedtillthefollowingweek,whentheLordChancellorstatedthathewouldproposethatpowershouldbegiventotheCrowntoallowthePrincetotakeprecedencenextafteranyHeirApparenttotheThrone.Subsequently,however,LordMelbourneexpressedhimselfsoanxiousthatitshouldpasswithallpossibleexpedition,thathewouldleaveouteverythingaboutprecedence,andmakeitasimpleNaturalisationBill,inwhichshapeitimmediatelypassed.

DuringthistimeSt.LegerhadbeeninvestingFortSchuyler.Thewholeofhismiscellaneousforcedidnotexceedsixhundred,exclusiveofIndians;andonthe5thofAugusthelearnedthatGeneralHerkimerwasadvancingtotherelief.HeinstantlydispatchedSirJohnJohnsonwithapartyofregularsandanumberofIndianstowaylayhim.Herkimerfellintotheambush,andwashimselfmortallywounded.St.Leger,findingthathislightartillerymadenoimpressiononthewallsofFortSchuyler,andhearingafalserumourthatBurgoynewasdefeated,raisedthesiege,leavingbehindhimhisartillery,tents,andstores.HisprecipitationwasoccasionedbythemorecertainnewsoftheapproachofArnoldwithtenpiecesofartilleryandtwothousandmen,whoindeed,reachedFortSchuylertwodaysafterhisretreat.LordRedesdaleinalettertoLordEldon,writtenin1821,soonaftertheking'svisit,gaveexpressiontosomeimportanttruthsabouttheGovernmentofIreland."Ministers,"hesaid,"havefanciedthatIrelandwoulddobetterwithoutaLord-Lieutenant,andsomeofthemhavecalledhisofficeauselesspageant,butunderthepresentcircumstancestheywouldgovernthecoloniesaswellwithoutgovernorsastheycangovernIrelandwithoutthatpageant.Ifthepageantisuseless,itisbecausetheymakeituseless,becausetheygivehimaSecretarytothwarthim,ortobeaviceroyoverhim.TheofficeofLord-Lieutenantrequires,inmyopinion,aconsiderableportionofability,soundjudgment,discretion,firmness,goodtemper,andconciliating[246]manners.SuchaLord-Lieutenantoughttobesupreme.IfMinistersthinkfittoappointtosuchanofficeamanwhollyunqualifiedforit,theymustputhiminleading-strings,andgivehimaSecretarywithallthequalitiestheLord-Lieutenantoughttohave;and,moreover,withadispositiontoconcealratherthandisplayhispoweroverhissuperior—tolead,andnottocommand,theLord-Lieutenant.InEnglandthemachinegoesonalmostofitself,andthereforeabaddrivermaymanageittolerablywell.ItisnotsoinIreland.Thecountryrequiresgreatexertiontobringitintoastateoforderandsubmissiontolaw.Thewholepopulation—highandlow,richandpoor,CatholicandProtestant—mustallbebroughttoobediencetolaw;allmustbetaughttolookuptothelawforprotection.Thegentryarereadyenoughtoattendgrandjuries,toobtainpresentmentsfortheirownbenefit,buttheydesertthequarter-sessionsofthepeace.Thefirstactofaconstableinarrestmustnotbetoknockdowntheprisoner;andmany,manyreformsmustbemade,whichonlycanbeeffectedbyajudiciousandableGovernmentonthespot.Ireland,initspresentstate,cannotbegovernedinEngland.Ifinsubordinationcompelsyoutogive,howareyoutoretainbylawwhatyouproposetomaintainwhileinsubordinationremains?Itcanonlybebyestablishingcompletelytheempireofthelaw."

ST.PAUL'SCATHEDRAL,LONDON,ANDLUDGATEHILL,ASITWAS.

[62]

TotheartofengravingWoollettandStrangegaveafirst-rateeminence,andweresuccessfullyfollowedbyBrowne,Byrne,Rosker,andMajor.InmezzotintM.ArdelladmirablyrenderedtheportraitsofSirJoshuaReynolds;andSmith,Green,Thomas,andWatsonalsoexcelledinthisclassofengraving.InengravingsforbooksHeathandAngusstandpre-eminent;andBoydell's"Shakespeare"spreadthetaste,thoughhisillustrationswerechieflydoneintheinferiorstyleofdotengraving.InlineengravingthenamesofSharp,Sherwin,Fittler,AnkerSmith,Neagle,Lowry,Turrell,Scott,andothers,areofhighrepute.Inlandscapeengravingnonames,inthemiddleperiodofthereign,stoodmoreprominentthanthoseofMiddiman,Watt,Angus,Milton,Pouncey,Peak,andTaylor.

HavingnowkidnappedanddisposedofthewholedynastyofSpain,Buonapartehadtoinauguratethenewonebytheappointmentofaking.ForthispurposehepitchedonhisbrotherLucien,who,nexttohimself,wastheablestofthefamily,andwhohadrenderedhimsignalservicesintheexpulsionoftheCouncilofFiveHundredfromSt.Cloud.ButLucienwasoftooindependentacharactertobecomeamerepuppetofthegreatman,liketherestofhisbrothers.AsNapoleongrewhaughtyandimperiousintheprogressofhissuccess,Lucienhaddaredtoexpressdisapprobationofhisconduct.HedeclaredthatNapoleon'severywordandactionproceeded,notfromprinciple,butfrommerepoliticalconsiderations,andthatthefoundationofhiswholesystemandcareerwasegotism.Hehadmarriedaprivatepersontopleasehimself,andwouldnotabandonhiswifetoreceiveaprincessandacrown,likeJerome.Lucienhad,moreover,literarytastes,wasfondofcollectingworksofart,andhadafortuneampleenoughforthesepurposes.When,therefore,NapoleonsentforhimtoassumethecrownofSpain,hedeclinedthehonour.NapoleonthenresolvedtotakeJosephfromNaples,andconferonhimthethroneofSpainandtheIndies.Joseph,whowasindolentandself-indulgent,andwhoatNaplescouldnotexempthimselffromcontinualfearsofdaggersandassassination,receivedwithconsternationthesummonstoassumethecrownofSpain,asominousofnoordinarytroubles.Hedeclaredthatitwastooweightyforhishead,andshowednoalacrityinsettingout.Napoleonwasobligedtosummonhimseveraltimes,andatlengthtodispatchoneofhismostactiveandtrustedaides-de-camptohastenhismovements.

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网友评论

  • 雨花郡主f7e3d

    Now,thoughinsomeobscureandignorantpartsofthecountrytherewereclubswhichcontemplatedthefoolishideaofseizingonneighbouringproperties,thecommitteesmusthavebeenveryill-informedtohavedrawnanysuchconclusionastotheHampdenClubs,whichwereorganisedforParliamentaryreformundertheauspicesofSirFrancisBurdett,MajorCartwright,LordCochrane,Cobbett,andothers.Mostofthesepersonshadlargepropertiestobesacrificedbythepropagationofanysuchprinciples,andthegreattopicsofCobbett'sRegister,theorganthroughwhichhecommunicatedwiththepeople,werethenecessityofrefrainingfromallviolence,andofrisingintoinfluencebypurelypoliticalco-operation.ButthesereportsansweredthepurposesoftheGovernment,andtheyproceededtointroduce,andsucceededinpassing,fourActsforthesuppressionofpopularopinion.Thefirstwastoprovideseverepunishmentforallattemptstoseducethesoldiersorsailorsfromtheirallegiance;thesecondtogivesafeguardstothepersonoftheSovereign,butwhichdidnotincludethemosteffectualofall—thatofmakinghimbeloved;thethirdwastopreventseditiousmeetings,andgavegreatpowertothemagistratesandpolicetointerferewithanymeetingforthemildestReforms;thefourthwastheoldmeasureofsuspensionoftheHabeasCorpusAct,whicharmedthemagistrateswiththefearfulauthoritytoarrestandimprisonatpleasure,withoutbeingcompelledtobringtheaccusedtotrial.ThelastoftheseActswasnotpassedtillthe29thofMarch,anditwastocontinueinforceonlytillthe1stofJuly.Butinthemeantimeeventstookplacewhichoccasioneditsrenewal.

     LordJohnRussellwasimmediatelysummonedfromScotland,andonthe11tharrivedatOsborne,wherehereceivedherMajesty'scommandstoformaGovernment.OnthegroundthathispartywereinaminorityintheHouseofCommons,LordJohnRussellatfirstdeclinedthehonourpresentedtohim;butonapaperbeingplacedinhishandsbytheQueen,inwhichSirRobertPeelpromised,inhisprivatecapacity,toaidandgiveeverysupporttothenewMinistryinsettlingthequestionoftheCornLaws,heundertookthetask.TherewasnoamicablefeelingbetweenthenewandtheretiringMinister.LordJohnRussell'sletter,publishedafewdaysbefore,hadexcitedasmuchattentionforitsbittersarcasmagainstSirRobertPeelasfortheimportantchangeintheWhigpolicywhichitannounced.LordJohnRussellheldcommunicationwiththelateGovernment,butthroughSirJamesGraham.ItwasofimportancetohimtoknowmoreclearlythenatureofthatsupportwhichSirRobertPeel'smemorandumseemedtopromise;andhewas,therefore,anxioustoknowwhatthelatterwouldconsiderasatisfactorysettlement.Thisproposal,however,tothelateMinistertobecomeresponsibleforthemeasuresofhissuccessorswasdeclined.SirJamesGrahamcommunicatedtoLordJohnRusselltheinformationastothestateofthecountryonwhichtheyacted;butSirRobertPeel,throughhiscolleague,declinedtostatethedetailsofthemeasureswhichhadlatelybeencontemplated.LordJohnRussellthengave,inwriting,anoutlineofthemeasureswhichthenewCabinetwouldpropose,andinvitedtheopinionofthelateMinister.SirRobertPeel,however,stilldeclinedtotakepartintheplansofhisopponents;andinalettertotheQueen,onthe17thofDecember,hestatedtheconstitutionalgroundsonwhichheconsidereditimproperthatanyone,notanadviseroftheCrown,shouldtakeapartinthepreparationofMinisterialmeasures.LordJohnRussellthereuponimmediatelyproceededwithhisnegotiationswithhisownparty.Itsoon,however,appearedthatthetaskhehadproposedtohimselfwasbeyondhispower.EarlGrey,whohadagreedtotaketheSecretaryshipoftheColoniesinthenewMinistry,suddenlydeclaredthathewouldnotjoinanyAdministrationinwhichLordPalmerstonshouldholdtheofficeofSecretaryforForeignAffairs.ThisunexpectedaccidentwasregardedbyLordJohnRussellasdecisive.Onthe20thofDecemberhecommunicatedthefactstotheQueen,andbeggedtoberelievedfromthetaskhehadundertaken.

  • 雪灵芝unu63

  • 如萱紫儿lZ2Rz

    Austriaalsofurnishedthirtythousandmen,underPrinceSchwarzenberg,butwithsecretorderstodonomorethanjustkeepupappearances,asAlexanderhaddoneduringthecampaignofWagram.ItwasoftheutmostconsequencethatTurkeyshouldhavebeenconciliatedbyNapoleon.Russiahadlongbeenravagingtheoutlyingprovincesofthatempire,andnothingcouldhavebeenmoreplainthanthepolicyofengagingTurkeyagainstRussiaatthiscrisis,todividethelatter'sattentionbymenacingitseasternboundaries.ButBuonaparteeversincetheTreatyofTilsithadbeenneglectingtheTurks,toallowhisally,Alexander,tomakehisaggressionsonthem,andnowhealteredhisplantoolate.Whenhemadeovertures,solateasMarchofthisyear,notonlytoputtheminpossessionofMoldaviaandWallachia,buttorecoverthe[40]CrimeafortheTurks,onconditionthattheyshouldinvadeRussiafromtheeastwithahundredthousandmen,hisofferwasrejected,thePortehavingalreadybeenpersuadedbytheBritishtomakepeacewithRussiaatBucharest.ThusFrance,enteringonthisgreatenterprise,leftSpainandSwedeninopenhostility,andcarriedwithherAustriaandPrussiaasverydubiousallies.AtthesametimethenewsarrivedofthefallofCiudadRodrigo,inSpain,and,withthis,thecertaintythatGreatBritainwoulddoallinherpowertoarouseandsupporttheenemiesofNapoleonineveryquarter.

  • 但法国XjseI

     Hefirstpublishedanengravingof"TheSmallMasqueradeTicket,orBurlingtonGate,"inridiculeofLordBurlington'sarchitecture,andofPope'seulogiumsonBurlingtonandsatireoftheDukeofChandos.Heillustrated"Hudibras,"andproducedasatiricalplate,"TheTasteoftheTimes,"in1724;and,someyearsafter,"TheMidnightConversation"and"SouthwarkFair."Notcontentwiththefamewhichthisvein,sopeculiarlyhisown,wasbringinghim,hehadtheambitiontoattemptthehistoricalstyle,butthiswasadecidedfailure.In1734,however,hecameoutinhisfullandpeculiarstrengthin"TheHarlot'sProgress."Themelancholytruthofthisstartlingdrama,mingledwithtouchesofgenuinehumour,seizedatonceonthemindsofallclasses.Itbecameatonceimmenselypopular;itwasputonthestage,andtwelvehundredsubscriptionsfortheengravingsproducedarichharvestofprofit.Inthefollowingyearheproduced"TheRake'sProgress,"which,thoughequallyclever,hadnotthesamerecommendationofnovelty.In1744heofferedforsaletheoriginalpaintingsofthesesubjects,aswellas"TheFourTimesoftheDay,"and"TheStrollingActressesDressinginaBarn;"butherehefelttheeffectsofthesturdyEnglishexpressionofhissentimentsonart,andhisdistributingofanengravingof"TheBattleofthePictures,"asaticketofadmission,gavegreatoffencetopaintersandtheirpatrons.Thewholesumreceivedwasonlyfourhundredandtwenty-sevenpounds.Undauntedbyhisself-injuringavowalofhisopinions,heofferedin1750thepicturesof"MarriageàlaMode"forsale,butputforthanadvertisementinsuchcausticterms,ashereflectedontheresultofhisformerauction,thatheeffectuallykeptawaypurchasers,andobtainedonlyahundredandtwentypoundsforwhatMr.Angersteinafterwardsgaveathousandpoundsfor.His"MarchtoFinchley"beingsentfortheroyalinspection,soimpressedGeorgeII.withtheideathatitwasacaricatureofhisGuards,that,thoughtheengravingofitwasdedicatedtohim,heorderedthepictureoutofhissight,withexpressionsofgreatindignation.HogarthquietlysubstitutedthenameoftheKingofPrussiainthededication,as"anencouragerofthearts."

  • 大笨蛋yh35t

    v

  • 扒皮成XywBY

    AnotherFrenchfleet,underAdmiralWillaumez,leftBrestatthesametimewiththatofLessigues,boundfortheCapeofGoodHope,toassisttheDutchtroopsindefendingit.TheBritish,however,havingtakenitbeforehisarrival,hewentcruisingaboutandpickingupsuchstrayBritishmerchantmenashecouldmeetwithbetweenthecontinentsofAfricaandSouthAmerica.HethenstoodawayfortheWestIndies,hopingtobeabletodestroytheBritishshippingintheportsofBarbadoes.Failinginthat,hemadeforMartinique,whichwasstillinthepossessionoftheFrench.Willaumezhadbutsixsailoftheline,andtheEnglishadmirals,SirJohnBorlaseWarren,whohadthesamenumberandafrigate,andSirRichardStrachan,whohadsevensailofthelineandtwofrigates,wereineagerquestofhim.Meanwhile,Willaumezwasattackedbyaterribletempest,andthenchasedbyStrachanintheChesapeake.Ofhissixshipsofthelinehetookhomeonlytwo,andwasobligedtoburntheBritishmerchantmenthathehadtaken.

     

  • 草莓果9Smbo

    "BuckinghamPalace,

     Followinghiswordsbyacts,hesetoffhimself,attendedonlybyafewscoresepoys,forBenares.CheyteSingcameoutasfarasBuxartomeettheoffendedGovernor,andpaidhimtheutmosthomage.HecontinuedhisjourneywiththeRajahinhistrain,andenteredtheRajah'scapital,thegreatMeccaofIndia,thefamedcityofBenares,onthe14thofAugust,1781.Hethenmademoreenormousdemandsthanbefore;andthecomplianceoftheRajahnotbeingimmediate,heorderedMr.Markham,hisown-appointedresidentatBenares,toarresttheRajahinhispalace.CheyteSingwasatimidman,yettheactofarrestinghiminthemidstofhisownsubjects,andinaplacesosacred,andcrowdedwithpilgrimsfromeverypartoftheEast,wasamostdaringdeed.Theeffectwasinstantaneous.Thepeopleroseinfury,andpouringheadlongtothepalacewitharmsintheirhands,theycuttopiecesMarkhamandhissepoys.HadCheyteSinghadthespiritofhispeopleinhim,Hastingsandhislittlepartywouldhavebeenbutcheredinhalfanhour.ButCheyteSingonlythoughtofhisownsafety.HegotacrosstheGanges,andwholetroopsofhissubjectsflockedafterhim.Thencehesentprotestationsofhisinnocenceoftheémeute,andofhisreadinesstomakeanyconditions.Hastings,thoughsurroundedandbesiegedinhisquartersbyafuriousmob,deignednoanswertothesuppliantRajah,butbusiedhimselfincollectingallthesepoysintheplace.ButthesituationofHastingswasateveryturnbecomingmorecritical.Thesepoys,senttoseizeCheyteSinginthepalaceofRamnuggur,wererepulsed,andmanyofthem,withtheircommander,killed.Themultitudewerenowmoreexcitedthanever,andthatnightwouldprobablyhaveseenthelastofWarrenHastings,hadhenotcontrivedtoescapefromBenares,andtoreachthestrongfortressofChunar,situatedonarockseveralhundredfeetabovetheGanges,andaboutseventeenmilesbelowBenares.CheyteSing,foramoment,encouragedbytheflightofHastings,puthimselfattheheadoftheenragedpeople,and,appealingtotheneighbouringprincesastohistreatment,declaredhewoulddrivetheEnglishoutofthecountry.ButtroopsandmoneywerespeedilysenttoHastingsfromLucknow,othersmarchedtoChunarfromtheircantonments,andhefoundhimselfsafeamidasufficientforcecommandedbythebraveMajorPopham,theconquerorofGwalior,todefythethirtythousandundisciplinedfollowersofCheyteSing.Fromthe29thofAugusttothe20thofSeptemberthereweredifferentengagementsbetweentheBritishandtheforcesofCheyteSing;butoneveryoccasion,thoughtheIndiansfoughtbravelytheywereworsted,andonthelast-namedday,utterlyroutedatPateeta.CheyteSingdidnotwaitforthearrivaloftheBritishtroops;hefledintoBundelcund,andneverreturnedagaintoBenares.Hastingsrestoredorder,andsetupanotherpuppetRajah,anephewofCheyteSing,butraisedtheannualtributetofortylacsofrupees,orfourhundredthousandpoundsayear,andplacedthemintandtheentirejurisdictionoftheprovinceinthehandsofhisownofficers.

  • 绿卡纸bHMhe

     

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