悦仲林:担当央企责任使命 助力扶贫攻坚

4wKIn-news 发布时间: 2020-07-15 09:33:44

“幸运飞艇冠亚军龙虎计划”AttheChaudiere,acontributionoftobaccowascollectedonawoodenplatter,and,afterasolemnharangue,wasthrowntotheguardianManitou.OntheseventeenthofJunetheyapproachedMontreal,wheretheassembledtradersgreetedthemwithdischargesofsmallarmsandcannon.Here,amongtherest,wasChamplain'slieutenant,DuParc,withhismen,whohadamusedtheirleisurewithhunting,andwererevellinginasylvanabundance,whiletheirbaffledchief,withworryofmind,fatigueofbody,andaLentendietofhalf-cookedfish,wasgrievouslyfallenawayinfleshandstrength.HekepthiswordwithDeVignau,leftthescoundrelunpunished,badefarewelltotheIndians,and,promisingtorejointhenthenextyear,embarkedinoneofthetrading-shipsforFrance.

TheriverKennebec,whichwasgenerallyadmittedbytheFrenchtobethedividinglinebetweentheirpossessionsandNewEngland,[228]wasregardedbythemwiththemostwatchfuljealousy.ItsheadwatersapproachedthoseoftheCanadianriverChaudière,themouthofwhichisnearQuebec;andbyascendingtheformerstreamandcrossingtotheheadwatersofthelatter,throughanintricacyofforests,hills,ponds,andmarshes,itwaspossibleforasmallbandofhardymen,unencumberedbycannon,toreachtheCanadiancapital,—aswasdonelongafterbythefollowersofBenedictArnold.HenceitwasthoughtamatterofthelastimportancetoclosetheKennebecagainstsuchanattempt.TheNorridgewockbandoftheAbenakis,wholivedonthebanksofthatriver,wereusedtoservethispurposeandtoformasortofadvance-guardtotheFrenchcolony,whileotherkindredbandsonthePenobscot,theSt.Croix,andtheSt.JohnwereexpectedtoaidinopposingalivingbarriertoEnglish[Pg214]intrusion.MissionarieswerestationedamongalltheseIndianstokeepthemtruetoChurchandKing.Themostimportantstation,thatoftheNorridgewocks,wasinchargeofFatherSebastienRale,themostconspicuousandinterestingfigureamongthelaterFrench-AmericanJesuits.

deSainte-Helènesaysthatthegirlssentfromthisasylum

tooemphatic.AtranslationbyanotherJesuitispublished

[872]NuthalltoLadyChatham,12Nov.1761,inChathamCorrespondence,II.166.

NotsowithFrance.Shewasfulloflife,—adiscordantandstrugglingvitality.Hermonksandpriests,unlikethoseofSpain,wererarelyeitherfanaticsorbigots;yetnotthelessdidtheyplytherackandthefagot,andhowlforhereticblood.Theirallwasatstake:theirvastpower,theirbloatedwealth,werewrappedupintheancientfaith.Menwereburned,andwomenburiedalive.Allwasinvain.TotheutmostboundsofFrance,theleavenoftheReformwasworking.TheHuguenots,fugitivesfromtortureanddeath,foundanasylumatGeneva,theircityofrefuge,gatheringaroundCalvin,theirgreathigh-priest.Thenceintrepidcolporteurs,theirlivesintheirhands,boretheBibleandthepsalm-booktocity,hamlet,andcastle,tofeedtherisingflame.Thescatteredchurches,pressedbyacommondanger,begantoorganize.AnecclesiasticalrepublicspreaditsramificationsthroughFrance,andgrewundergroundtoavigorouslife,—pacificattheoutset,forthegreatbodyofitsmemberswerethequietbourgeoisie,byhabit,asbyfaith,aversetoviolence.Yetapotentfractionofthewarlikenoblessewerealsoofthenewfaith;andabovethemall,preeminentincharacterasinstation,stoodGaspardeColigny,AdmiralofFrance.Canadawasstillamission,andtheinfluenceof

Whenhereachedtheshore,hesawhisworstfearsrealized.The"Aimable"laycareenedoveronthereef,hopelesslyaground.Littleremainedbuttoendurethecalamitywithfirmness,andtosave,asfarasmightbe,thevessel'scargo.Thiswasnoeasytask.Theboatwhichhungathersternhadbeenstovein,—itissaid,bydesign.Beaujeusentaboatfromthe"Joly,"andoneormoreIndianpirogueswereprocured.LaSalleurgedonhismen[Pg382]withsternandpatientenergy,andaquantityofgunpowderandflourwassafelylanded.Butnowthewindblewfreshfromthesea;thewavesbegantorise;astormcameon;thevessel,rockingtoandfroonthesand-bar,openedalongherside,andtheravenouswaveswerestrewnwithhertreasures.Whentheconfusionwasatitsheight,atroopofIndianscamedowntotheshore,greedyforplunder.Thedrumwasbeat;themenwerecalledtoarms;LaSallesethistrustiestfollowerstoguardthegunpowder,infear,notoftheIndiansalone,butofhisowncountrymen.Onthatlamentablenight,thesentinelswalkedtheirroundsthroughthedrearybivouacamongthecasks,bales,andboxeswhichtheseahadyieldedup;andhere,too,theirfate-huntedchiefheldhisdreariervigil,encompassedwithtreachery,darkness,andthestorm.

Synonymes:Eriés,Erigas,Eriehronon,Riguehronon.TheJesuitsneverhadamissionamongthem,thoughtheyseemtohavebeenvisitedbyChamplain'sadventurousinterpreter,étienneBrulé,inthesummerof1615.—TheyareprobablytheCarantoüansofChamplain.

Thenumberoftheseprincipalchiefs,or,astheyhavebeencalledbywayofdistinction,sachems,variedintheseveralnationsfromeighttofourteen.Thesachemsofthefivenations,fiftyinall,assembledincouncil,formedthegovernmentoftheconfederacy.Allmetasequals,butapeculiardignitywaseverattachedtotheAtotarhooftheOnondagas.

1755-1763.Senecas1,0001,000

[623]ASwissofficeroftheRoyalAmericans,writingonthe14th,saysthatthereweretwo,andinsomepartsthree,rowsofloopholes.SeetheletterinPennsylvaniaArchives,III.472.

[398]ReportofRogers,19June,1756.MuchabridgedinhispublishedJournals.

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  • 雨花郡主vO388

    Noteveryvoiceinthecolonysoundedthegovernor'spraise.Now,asalways,hehadenemiesinstateandChurch.Itistruethatthequarrelsandtheburstsofpassionthatmarkedhisfirsttermofgovernmentnowrarelyoccurred,butthiswasnotsomuchduetoachangeinFrontenachimselfastoachangeintheconditionsaroundhim.Thewarmadehimindispensable.Hehadgainedwhathewanted,theconsciousnessofmastery;andunderitssoothinginfluencehewaslessirritableandexacting.Helivedwiththebishopontermsofmutualcourtesy,whilehisrelationswithhiscolleague,theintendant,werecommonlysmoothenoughonthesurface;forChampigny,warnedbythecourtnottooffendhim,treatedhimwithstudieddeference,andwasusuallytreatedinreturnwithurbanecondescension.Duringallthistime,theintendantwascomplainingofhimtothe320minister."Heisspendingagreatdealofmoney;butheismaster,anddoeswhathepleases.Icanonlykeepthepeacebyyieldingeverything."[4]"Hewantstoreducemetoanobody."And,amongothersimilarcharges,hesaysthatthegovernorreceivespayforgarrisonsthatdonotexist,andkeepsitforhimself."DonottellthatIsaidso,"addstheprudentChampigny,"foritwouldmakegreattrouble,ifheknewit."[5]Frontenac,perfectlyawareofthesecovertattacks,desirestheministernottoheed"thefalsehoodsandimposturesutteredagainstmebypersonswhomeddlewithwhatdoesnotconcernthem."[6]HealludestoChampigny'sallies,theJesuits,who,ashethought,hadalsomalignedhim."SinceIhavebeenhere,IhavesparednopainstogainthegoodwillofMonsieurtheintendant,andmayGodgrantthatthecounselswhichheistooreadytoreceivefromcertainpersonswhohaveneverbeenfriendsofpeaceandharmonydonotsometimemakedivisionbetweenus.ButIclosemyeyestoallthat,andshallstillpersevere."[7]InanotherlettertoPonchartrain,hesays:"Iwriteyouthisinprivate,becauseIhavebeeninformedbymywifethatchargeshavebeenmadetoyouagainstmyconductsincemyreturntothiscountry.Ipromiseyou,Monseigneur,that,whatevermyaccusersdo,theywillnotmakemechangeconducttowardsthem,andthatIshallstilltreatthemwithconsideration.I321merelyaskyourleavemosthumblytorepresentthat,havingmaintainedthiscolonyinfullprosperityduringthetenyearswhenIformerlyheldthegovernmentofit,Ineverthelessfellasacrificetotheartificeandfuryofthosewhoseencroachments,andwhoseexcessiveandunauthorizedpower,mydutyandmypassionateaffectionfortheserviceofthekingobligedmeinconsciencetorepress.Myrecall,whichmadethemmastersintheconductofthegovernment,wasfollowedbyallthedisasterswhichoverwhelmedthisunhappycolony.Themillionsthatthekingspenthere,thetroopsthathesentout,andtheCanadiansthathetookintopay,allwentfornothing.Mostofthesoldiers,andnosmallnumberofbraveCanadians,perishedinenterprisesilldevisedandruinoustothecountry,whichIfoundonmyarrivalravagedwithunheard-ofcrueltybytheIroquois,withoutresistance,andinsightofthetroopsandoftheforts.Theinhabitantswerediscouraged,andunnervedbywantofconfidenceintheirchiefs;whilethefriendlyIndians,seeingourweakness,werereadytojoinourenemies.Iwasfortunateenoughanddiligentenoughtochangethisdeplorablestateofthings,anddriveawaytheEnglish,whommypredecessorsdidnothaveontheirhands,andthistoowithonlyhalfasmanytroopsastheyhad.Iamfarfromwishingtoblametheirconduct.Ileaveyoutojudgeit.ButIcannothavethetranquillityandfreedomofmindwhichIneedfortheworkIhavetodohere,withoutfeelingentireconfidencethatthecabalwhichisagain322formingagainstmecannotproduceimpressionswhichmaypreventyoufromdoingmejustice.Fortherest,ifitisthoughtfitthatIshouldleavetheprieststodoastheylike,Ishallbedeliveredfromaninfinityoftroublesandcares,inwhichIcanhavenootherinterestthanthegoodofthecolony,thetradeofthekingdom,andthepeaceoftheking'ssubjects,andofwhichIalonebeartheburden,aswellasthejealousyofsundrypersons,andtheiniquityoftheecclesiastics,whobegintocallimpiousthosewhoareobligedtoopposetheirpassionsandtheirinterests."[8]

     "Itwillbethemissionarieswhowillmanageallthenegotiation,anddirectthemovementsofthesavages,whoareinexcellenthands,astheReverendFatherGermainandMonsieurl'AbbéLeLoutreareverycapableofmakingthemostofthem,andusingthemtothegreatestadvantageforourinterests.Theywillmanagetheirintrigueinsuchawayasnottoappearinit."

  • 雪灵芝dSFbP

  • 如萱紫儿iXtEb

    [131]RapportsdeConseilsaveclesSauvagesàMontreal,Juillet,1753.DuquesneauMinistre,31Oct.1753.LetterofDr.ShuckburghinN.Y.Col.Docs.,VI.806.

  • 但法国Mtopw

     VirginiaandPennsylvaniawerenotyetseriousrivalsinthefur-trade;andNewEngland,themostactiveoftheBritishcolonies,wasbarredoutfromit[Pg273]bytheinterpositionofNewYork,whichlayacrossherwestwardpath,thusforcinghertoturnherenergiestothesea,wherehalfacenturylaterherachievementsinspiredtheglowingpanegyricsofBurkebeforetheHouseofCommons.

  • 大笨蛋PNZ6W

    v

  • 扒皮成HRrRb

    [Pg17]InthefewyearsofdoubtfulpeacethatprecededQueenAnne'sWar,anenterprisewasbegun,which,nowiseinaccordwiththewishesandexpectationsofthoseengagedinit,wasdestinedtoproduceasitslastresultanAmericancity.

     AsChristmasapproached,theirconditiongrew38desperate.Beaversandporcupineswerescarce,andthesnowwasnotdeepenoughforhuntingthemoose.Nightanddaythemedicine-drumsandmedicine-songsresoundedfromthewigwams,mingledwiththewailofstarvingchildren.Thehuntersgrewweakandemaciated;and,asafteraforlornmarchthewanderersencampedoncemoreinthelifelessforest,thepriestrememberedthatitwastheeveofChristmas."TheLordgaveusforoursupperaporcupine,largeasasuckingpig,andalsoarabbit.Itwasnotmuch,itistrue,foreighteenornineteenpersons;buttheHolyVirginandSt.Joseph,hergloriousspouse,werenotsowelltreated,onthisveryday,inthestableofBethlehem."[13]

  • 草莓果K8IPy

    OnthenextdaytheyreachedavillageofIroquoisunderafemalechief,calledQueenAlequippabytheEnglish,towhomshewasdevoted.BothQueenandsubjectshadfled;butamongthedesertedwigwamsweresixmoreEnglishmen,whomCéloronwarnedoffliketheothers,and46

     AfewweekslaterHebecourthadhisrevenge.AboutthemiddleofMarchareportcametoMontrealthatalargepartyofrangershadbeencuttopiecesafewmilesfromTiconderoga,andthatRogershimselfwasamongtheslain.Thislastannouncementprovedfalse;buttherangershadsufferedacrushingdefeat.ColonelHaviland,commandingatFortEdward,sentahundredand12

  • 绿卡纸Bej9z

    I.67).

     [10]SeeIntroduction.

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