新疆“互联网+”带农产品走四方

787O3-news 发布时间: 2020-07-11 12:53:40

“【Nbs】百分百得敬业福”LakeMichigan,the"LacdesIllinois"oftheFrench,was,accordingtoaletterofFatherAllouez,called"Machihiganing"bytheIndians.Dablonwritesthename"Mitchiganon."ThelargefrontiertownofSt.Josephwaswellfortifiedwithpalisades,onwhich,atintervals,werewoodenwatch-towers.Onaneveningofthissamesummerof1645,theIroquoisapproachedtheplaceinforce;andtheyoungHuronwarriors,mountingtheirpalisades,sangtheirwar-songsallnight,withtheutmostpoweroftheirlungs,inorderthattheenemy,knowingthemtobeontheirguard,mightbedeterredfromanattack.Thenightwasdark,andthehideousdissonanceresoundedfarandwide;yet,regardlessofthedin,twoIroquoiscreptclosetothepalisade,wheretheylaymotionlesstillneardawn.Bythistimethelastsonghaddiedaway,andthetiredsingershadlefttheirpostsorfallenasleep.OneoftheIroquois,withthesilenceandagilityofawild-cat,climbedtothetopofawatch-tower,wherehefoundtwoslumberingHurons,brainedoneofthemwithhishatchet,andthrewtheotherdowntohiscomrade,whoquicklydespoiledhimofhislifeandhisscalp.Then,withthereekingtrophiesoftheirexploit,theadventurersrejoinedtheircountrymenintheforest.

InJunethecombinedBritishandprovincialforcewhichAbercrombywastoleadagainstTiconderogawasgatheredattheheadofLakeGeorge;whileMontcalmlayatitsoutletaroundthewallsoftheFrenchstronghold,withanarmynotonefourthsonumerous.VaudreuilhaddevisedaplanforsavingTiconderogabyadiversionintothevalleyoftheMohawkunderLévis,Rigaud,andLongueuil,withsixteenhundredmen,whoweretobejoinedbyasmanyIndians.TheEnglishfortsofthatregionweretobeattacked,Schenectadythreatened,andtheFiveNationscompelledtodeclareforFrance.[603]Thus,astheGovernorgaveout,theEnglishwouldbeforcedtoceasefromaggression,leaveMontcalminpeace,andthinkonlyofdefendingthemselves.[604]"This,"writesBougainvilleonthefifteenthofJune,"iswhatM.deVaudreuilthinkswillhappen,becauseheneverdoubtsanything.Ticonderoga,whichisthepointreallythreatened,isabandonedwithoutsupporttothetroopsofthelineandtheirgeneral.87

ThenavigatorBougainville,inthelastyearsoftheFrenchrule,describestheCanadianhabitantasessentiallysuperiortotheFrenchpeasant,andadds,“Heisloud,boastful,mendacious,obliging,civil,andhonest;indefatigableinhunting,travelling,andbush-ranging,butlazyintillingthesoil.”***[560]MémoiressurleCanada,1749-1760.MémoiresurlesFraudes,etc.ComparePouchot,I.8.

NosoonerwasLaSalleinstalledinhisnewpostthanthemerchantsofCanadajoinedhandstoopposehim.LeBer,oncehisfriend,becamehisbitterenemy;forhehimselfhadhopedtosharethemonopolyofFortFrontenac,ofwhichheandoneBazirehadatfirstbeenplacedprovisionallyincontrol,[Pg102]andfromwhichhenowsawhimselfejected.LaChesnaye,LeMoyne,andothersofmoreorlessinfluencetookpartintheleague,which,infact,embracedallthetradersinthecolonyexceptthefewjoinedwithFrontenacandLaSalle.Duchesneau,intendantofthecolony,aidedthemalcontents.Astimewenton,theirbitternessgrewmorebitter;andwhenatlastitwasseenthat,notsatisfiedwiththemonopolyofFortFrontenac,LaSalleaimedatthecontrolofthevalleysoftheOhioandtheMississippi,andtheusufructofhalfacontinent,theireofhisopponentsredoubled,andCanadabecameforhimanestofhornets,buzzinginwrathandwatchingthemomenttosting.Buttherewasanotherelementofopposition,lessnoisy,butnotlessformidable;andthisarosefromtheJesuits.Frontenachatedthem;andthey,underbefittingformsofdutyandcourtesy,paidhimbackinthesamecoin.Havingnoloveforthegovernor,theywouldnaturallyhavelittleforhispartisanandprotégé;buttheiroppositionhadanotherandadeeperroot,fortheplansofthedaringyoungschemerjarredwiththeirown.

Onceamother,andmarriedwithareasonablepermanency,theHuronwomanfromawantonbecameadrudge.InMarchandAprilshegatheredtheyear'ssupplyoffirewood.Thencamesowing,tilling,andharvesting,smokingfish,dressingskins,makingcordageandclothing,preparingfood.Onthemarchitwasshewhoboretheburden;for,inthewordsofChamplain,"theirwomenweretheirmules."Thenaturaleffectfollowed.IneveryHurontownwereshrivelledhags,hideousanddespised,who,invindictiveness,ferocity,andcruelty,farexceededthemen."Ifyouwillnotbelieveme,"saidBrébeuf,"gotoourhouse;searcheverywhere;andifyouarenotsurewhichisthecharm,takeallourclothingandallourcloth,andthrowthemintothelake."

Aboutahundredmilesofforests,swamps,rivers,andmountains,stilllaybetweenthemandtheMohawktowns.ThereseemstohavebeenanIndianpath;forthiswastheordinaryrouteoftheMohawkandOneidawar-parties:butthepathwasnarrow,broken,fullofgulliesandpitfalls,crossedbystreams,andinoneplaceinterruptedbyalakewhichtheypassedonrafts.Ahundredandten“BlueCoats,”ofMontreal,ledtheway,underCharlesLeMoyne.RepentignycommandedtheleviesfromQuebec.InallthereweresixhundredCanadians;sixhundredregulars;andahundredIndiansfromthemissions,whorangedthewoodsinfront,flank,andrear,likehoundsonthescent.Redorwhite,Canadiansorregulars,allwerefull

hadtheytaughtthemnottotorturethem.IcanrecallbutbasedontheassumptionthatallmeansarepermittedwhentheendistheserviceofGod;andasLaval,inhisownopinion,wasalwaysdoingtheserviceofGod,whilehisopponentswerealwaysdoingthatofthedevil,heenjoyed,intheuseofmeans,alatitudeofwhichwehaveseenhimavailhimself.

CHAPTERXXIX.

V2laMolé,écritesdanslesAnnées1757,1758,et1759,avecuneVersionAngloise.TheyprofesstobeobservationsbyMontcalmontheEnglishcolonies,theirpoliticalcharacter,theirtrade,andtheirtendencytoindependence.Theybearthestrongestmarksofbeingfabricatedtosuitthetimes,thecoloniesbeingtheninrevolt.TheprincipalletterisoneaddressedtoMolé,andbearingdateQuebec,Aug.24,1759.ItforetellsthelossofhercoloniesasaconsequencetoEnglandofherprobableconquestofCanada.IlaidbeforetheMassachusettsHistoricalSocietymyreasonsforbelievingthisletter,liketherest,animposture(seetheProceedingsofthatSocietyfor1869-1870,pp.112-128).TothesereasonsitmaybeaddedthatatthedateassignedtotheletterallcorrespondencewasstoppedbetweenCanadaandFrance.FromthearrivaloftheEnglishfleet,attheendofspring,tillitsdeparture,lateinautumn,communicationwascompletelycutoff.ItwasnottilltowardstheendofNovember,whentheriverwasclearofEnglishships,thatthenavalcommanderKanonranbythebatteriesofQuebecandcarriedtoFrancethefirstnewsfromCanada.Someofthelettersthussentweredatedamonthbefore,andhadwaitedinCanadatillKanon'sdeparture.

“Everybodywasinthestreets;animalsranwildlyabout;childrencried;menandwomen,seizedwithfright,knewnotwheretotakerefuge,expectingeverymomenttobeburiedundertheruinsofthehouses,orswallowedupinsomeabyssopeningundertheirfeet.Some,ontheirkneesinthesnow,criedformercy,andotherspassedthenightinprayer;fortheearthquakecontinuedwithoutceasing,withamotionmuchlikethatofashipatsea,insomuchthatsundrypersonsfeltthesamequalmsofstomachwhichtheywouldfeelonthewater.Intheforeststhecommotionwasfargreater.Thetreesstruckoneagainsttheotherasiftherewereabattlebetweenthem;andyouwouldhavesaidthatnotonlytheirbranches,buteventheirtrunksstartedoutoftheirplacesandleapedoneachotherwithsuchnoiseandconfusionthattheIndianssaidthatthewholeforestwasdrunk.”MaryoftheIncarnationgivesasimilaraccount,asdoesalsoFrancesJuchereaudeSaint-Ignace;andthesecontemporaryrecordsaresustainedtosomeextentbytheevidenceofgeology.*AremarkableeffectwasproducedontheSt.Lawrence,whichwassochargedwithmudandclaythatformanyweeksthewaterwasunfittodrink.Considerablehillsandlargetractsofforestslidfromtheirplaces,someintotheriver,andsomeintoadjacentvalleys.AnumberofmeninaboatnearTadoussacstaredaghastatalargehillcoveredwithtrees,whichsankintothewaterbeforetheireyes;streamswereturnedfromtheircourses;water-fallswerelevelled;springsweredriedupinsomeplaces,whileinothersnewspringsappeared.Nevertheless,theaccountsthathavecomedowntousseemalittleexaggerated,andsometimesludicrouslyso;aswhen,forexample,MotherMaryoftheIncarnationtellsusofamanwhoranallnighttoescapefromafissureintheearthwhichopenedbehindhimandchasedhimashefled.

ThisreasonwasforthePopeandthecardinals.Itmaywellbebelievedthatheheldadifferentlanguagetotheking.Tohimheurgedthatthebishopricwasneededtoenforceorder,suppresssin,andcrushheresy.BothLouisXIV.andthequeenmotherfavoredhiswishes;*butdifficultiesaroseandinterminabledisputesensuedonthequestion,whethertheproposedbishopricshoulddependimmediatelyonthePopeorontheArchbishopofRouen.ItwasarevivaloftheoldquarrelofGallicanandultramontane.Laval,wearyofhopedeferred,atlengthdeclaredthathewouldleavethecolonyifhecouldnotbeitsbishopintitle;andin1674,afterelevenyearsofdelay,thekingyieldedtothePope’sdemands,andthevicarapostolicbecamefirstbishopofQuebec.[80]See"DiversSentimens,"appendedtotheRelationof1635,§27;andalsomanyotherpassagesofearlymissionaries.

UptothistimeRogershadobservedhisusualcaution,commandingsilenceonthemarch,andforbiddingfiresatnight;but,seeingnosignsofanenemy,heforgothimself;andonthefollowingmorning,theeighthofAugust,heandLieutenantIrwin,ofthelightinfantry,amusedthemselvesbyfiringatamarkonawager.TheshotsreachedtheearsoffourhundredandfiftyFrenchandIndiansunderthefamouspartisanMarin,whoatoncetookstepstoreconnoitreandambuscadehisrashenemy.Fornearlyamilefromtheoldforttheforesthadformerlybeencutdownandburned;andNaturehadnowbeguntoreassertherself,coveringtheopentractwithadensegrowthofbushesandsaplingsalmostimpervioustoanythingbutawild-cat,haditnotbeentraversedbyanarrowIndianpath.Alongthispaththemenwereforcedtomarchinsinglefile.Ataboutseveno'clock,whenthetwomarksmenhaddecidedtheirbet,andbeforetheheavydewofthenightwasdrieduponthebushes,thepartyslungtheirpacksandsetout.PutnamwasinthefrontwithhisConnecticutmen;Dalzellfollowedwiththeregulars;andRogers,withhisrangers,broughtuptherearofthelongandslenderline.Putnamhimselfledtheway,shoulderingthroughthebushes,gunin123

likethatof1663.Headdsthattheevidencethatsuch

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  • 雨花郡主6D7Cb

    THEBUFFALO.

     [207]Inthisconnection,itiswelltoexaminethevariousSiouxwordswhichHennepinusesincidentally,andwhichhemusthaveacquiredbypersonalintercoursewiththetribe,asnoFrenchmanthenunderstoodthelanguage.Thesewords,asfarasmyinformationreaches,areineveryinstancecorrect.Thus,hesaysthattheSiouxcalledhisbreviarya"badspirit,"—Ouackanché.Wakanshe,orWakanshecha,wouldexpressthesamemeaninginmodernEnglishspelling.HesayselsewherethattheycalledthegunsofhiscompanionsManzaouackanché,whichhetranslates,"ironpossessedwithabadspirit."ThewesternSiouxtothisdaycallagunManzawakan,"metalpossessedwithaspirit."Chonga(shonka),"adog,"Ouasi(wahsee),"apine-tree,"Chinnen(shinnan),"arobe,"or"garment,"andotherwords,aregivencorrectly,withtheirinterpretations.ThewordLouis,affirmedbyHennepintomean"thesun,"seemsatfirstsightawilfulinaccuracy,asthisisnotthewordusedingeneralbytheSioux.TheYanktonbandofthispeople,however,callthesunoouee,which,itisevident,representstheFrenchpronunciationofLouis,omittingtheinitialletter.ThisHennepinwouldbeaptenoughtosupply,therebyconferringacomplimentalikeonhimself,LouisHennepin,andontheKing,LouisXIV.,who,totheindignationofhisbrothermonarchs,hadchosenthesunashisemblem.

  • 雪灵芝8NUgD

    [276]Joutel,JournalHistorique,12.

  • 如萱紫儿EmDYz

    [13]See"PioneersofFrance,"399.

  • 但法国jL03c

    hospitalières)800L.paranpourdeuxmessesqu’illeurfait

     Therewasonepointonwhichtheinterferenceofhisbrotherandofhiscorrespondentswaspeculiarlyannoying.Theythoughtitfortheirinterestthathe[Pg334]shouldremainasingleman;whereas,itseemsthathisdevotiontohispurposewasnotsoengrossingastoexcludemoretendersubjects.Hewrites:

  • 大笨蛋HMBmN

    v

  • 扒皮成p12EA

    V2invain;andatsixtherewasanothereffort,equallyfruitless.Fromthistimetillhalf-pastsevenalingeringfightwaskeptupbytherangersandotherprovincials,firingfromtheedgeofthewoodsandfrombehindthestumps,bushes,andfallentreesinfrontofthelines.Itsonlyobjectsweretocovertheircomrades,whowerecollectingandbringingoffthewounded,andtoprotecttheretreatoftheregulars,whofellbackindisordertotheFalls.Astwilightcameon,thelastcombatantwithdrew,andnonewereleftbutthedead.Abercrombyhadlostinkilled,wounded,andmissing,nineteenhundredandforty-fourofficersandmen.[636]ThelossoftheFrench,notcountingthatofLangy'sdetachment,wasthreehundredandseventy-seven.Bourlamaquewasdangerouslywounded;Bougainvilleslightly;andthehatofLéviswastwiceshotthrough.[637]

     ThemovingspiritofdisaffectionwasthechiefcalledOldBritain,ortheDemoiselle,anditsfocuswashistownofPickawillany,ontheMiami.AtthisplaceitissaidthatEnglishtraderssometimesmusteredtothenumberoffiftyormore."Itisthey,"wroteLongueuil,"whoaretheinstigatorsofrevoltandthesourceofallourwoes."[62]WhereupontheColonialMinisterreiteratedhisinstructionstodrivethemoffandplunderthem,84

  • 草莓果s7nHV

    *See,forexample,chapteriv.ofFaillon’sLifeof

     Itwasinoneofthelargestthatthefourtravellerswerenowlodged.Aplacewasassignedthemwheretobestowtheirbaggage;andtheytookpossessionoftheirquartersamidthesilentstaresofthewholecommunity.Theyaskedtheirrenegadecountryman,theProven?al,iftheyweresafe.Herepliedthattheywere;butthisdidnotwhollyreassurethem,andtheyspentasomewhatwakefulnight.Inthemorning,theyopenedtheirbudgets,andbeganabrisktradeinknives,awls,beads,andothertrinkets,whichtheyexchangedforcornandbeans.Beforeevening,theyhadacquiredaconsiderablestock;andJoutel'sthreecompanionsdeclaredtheirintentionofreturningwithittothecamp,leavinghimtocontinuethetrade.Theywent,accordingly,inthemorning;andJoutelwasleftalone.Ontheonehand,hewasgladtoberidofthem;ontheother,hefoundhispositionamongtheCenisveryirksome,and,ashethought,insecure.BesidestheProven?al,whohadgonewithLiototandhiscompanions,thereweretwootherFrenchdesertersamongthistribe,andJoutelwasverydesiroustoseethem,hopingthattheycouldtellhimthewaytotheMississippi;[Pg444]forhewasresolvedtoescape,atthefirstopportunity,fromthecompanyofDuhautandhisaccomplices.HethereforemadethepresentofaknifetoayoungIndian,whomhesenttofindthetwoFrenchmenandinvitethemtocometothevillage.Meanwhilehecontinuedhisbarter,butundermanydifficulties;forhecouldonlyexplainhimselfbysigns,andhiscustomers,thoughfriendlybyday,pilferedhisgoodsbynight.This,joinedtothefearsandtroubleswhichburdenedhismind,almostdeprivedhimofsleep,and,asheconfesses,greatlydepressedhisspirits.Indeed,hehadlittlecauseforcheerfulnessastothepast,present,orfuture.AnoldIndian,oneofthepatriarchsofthetribe,observinghisdejectionandanxioustorelieveit,oneeveningbroughthimayoungwife,sayingthathemadehimapresentofher.Sheseatedherselfathisside;"but,"saysJoutel,"asmyheadwasfullofothercaresandanxieties,Isaidnothingtothepoorgirl.Shewaitedforalittletime;andthen,findingthatIdidnotspeakaword,shewentaway."[333]

  • 绿卡纸JuZen

    ThelocalityofLaSalle'sassassinationissufficientlyclear,fromacomparisonoftheseveralnarratives;anditisalsoindicatedonacontemporarymanuscriptmap,madeonthereturnofthesurvivorsofthepartytoFrance.ThesceneofthecatastropheishereplacedonasouthernbranchoftheTrinity.

     LaJonquièreproceedstosaythatonhearingtheseconditionstheAcadianswerefilledwithperplexityandalarm,andthathe,thegovernor,haddirectedBoishébert,hischiefofficerontheAcadianfrontier,toencouragethemtoleavetheirhomesandseekasylumonFrenchsoil.HethusrecountsthestepshehastakentoharasstheEnglishofHalifaxbymeansoftheirIndianneighbors.Aspeacehadbeendeclared,theoperationwasdelicate;andwhenthreeoftheseIndianscametohimfromtheirmissionary,LeLoutre,withlettersonthesubject,LaJonquièrewasdiscreetlyreticent."Ididnotcaretogivethemanyadviceuponthematter,andconfinedmyselftoapromisethatIwouldonnoaccountabandonthem;andIhaveprovidedforsupplyingthemwitheverything,whetherarms,ammunition,food,orothernecessaries.ItistobedesiredthatthesesavagesshouldsucceedinthwartingthedesignsoftheEnglish,andeventheirsettlementatHalifax.Theyarebentondoingso;andiftheycancarryouttheirplans,itiscertainthattheywillgivetheEnglishgreattrouble,andsoharassthemthattheywillbeagreatobstacleintheirpath.Thesesavagesaretoactalone;neithersoldiernorFrenchinhabitantistojointhem;everythingwillbedoneof100

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