《今日关注》 20180216 美俄博弈加剧 2018年将如何竞争?

eaqFj-news 发布时间: 2020-07-15 05:23:16

“全民彩票手机版【注册大礼】”seigniory,afterwardsbarony,DesIslets,intheimmediate"Ourehaouésendsyouthis,"continuedCutNose,presentinganotherbeltofwampum:"byitheadvisesyoutolistentoOnontio,ifyouwishtolive."

Allthatappearstotheeyeishisintrepidconflictwithobstacleswithout;butthis,perhaps,wasnomorearduousthantheinvisibleandsilentstrifeofanatureatwarwithitself,—thepride,aspiration,andboldenergythatlayatthebaseofhischaracterbattlingagainstthesuperficialweaknessthatmortifiedandangeredhim.Insuchaman,theeffectofsuchaninfirmityistoconcentrateandintensifytheforcewithin.Inoneformoranother,discordantnaturesarecommonenough;butveryrarelyistheantagonismsoirreconcilableasitwasinhim.Andthegreatertheantagonism,thegreaterthepain.Therearethoseinwhomthesortoftimidityfromwhichhesufferedismatchedwithnoqualitythatstronglyrevoltsagainstit.Thesegentlenaturesmayatleasthavepeace,butforhimtherewasnopeace.

Laval,forbythisnamehewasthenceforthknown,belongedtooneoftheproudestfamiliesofEurope,and,churchmanashewas,thereisAtSt.Michel,MaisonneuveemployedhismeninbuildingboatstoascendtoMontreal,andinvariousotherlaborsforthebehoofofthefuturecolony.Thusthewinterworeaway;but,ascelestialmindsarenotexemptfromire,MontmagnyandMaisonneuvefellintoaquarrel.Thetwenty-fifthofJanuarywasMaisonneuve'sfêteday;and,ashewasgreatlybelovedbyhisfollowers,theyresolvedtocelebratetheoccasion.Accordingly,anhourandahalfbeforedaylight,theymadeageneraldischargeoftheirmusketsandcannon.ThesoundreachedQuebec,twoorthreemilesdistant,startlingtheGovernorfromhismorningslumbers;andhisindignationwasredoubledwhenhehearditagainatnight:forMaisonneuve,pleasedattheattachmentofhismen,hadfeastedthemandwarmedtheirheartswithadistributionofwine.Montmagny,jealousofhisauthority,resentedthesedemonstrationsasaninfractionofit,affirmingthattheyhadnorighttofiretheir205pieceswithouthisconsent;and,arrestingtheprincipaloffender,oneJeanGory,heputhiminirons.Onbeingreleased,afewdaysafter,hiscompanionswelcomedhimwithgreatrejoicing,andMaisonneuvegavethemallafeast.Hehimselfcameinduringthefestivity,drankthehealthofthecompany,shookhandswiththelateprisoner,placedhimattheheadofthetable,andaddressedhimasfollows:—

**ColbertaDuchesneau,1Mai,1677."Myfather,"hebegan,"Iamadeadman.Theskyisbrightforyou,anddarkasnightforme."Thenheheldoutabeltofwampum,andcontinued:"BythisbeltIaskyou,myfather,totakepityonyourchildren,andgrantustwodaysinwhichouroldmenmaycounseltogethertofindmeansofappeasingyourwrath."Then,offeringanotherbelttotheassembledchiefs,"Thisbeltistoprayyoutorememberthatyouareofourkin.Ifyouspillourblood,donotforgetthatitisalsoyourown.Trytosoftentheheartofourfather,whomwehaveoffendedsooften.Thesetwoslavesaretoreplacesomeofthebloodyouhavelost.Grantusthetwodaysweask,forIcannotsaymoretillouroldmenhaveheldcounsel."

SheldonandhispartywereescortedhomewardbyeightsoldiersunderCourtemanche,anofficerofdistinction,whoseorderswereto"makehimselfacquaintedwiththecountry."HefellillatBoston,wherehewastreatedwithmuchkindness,andonhisrecoverywassenthomebysea,alongwithCaptainVetchandSamuelHill,chargedtoopenafreshnegotiation.Withthese,attherequestofCourtemanche,wentyoungWilliamDudley,sonofthegovernor.[70]

[3]LettredeBrébeufauT.R.P.MutioVitelleschi,20Mai,1637,inCarayon,157.LeMercier,RelationdesHurons,1637,120,123.

HavinggiventheprincipalchargesofDuchesneauagainstFrontenac,itistimetogivethoseofFrontenacagainstDuchesneau.Thegovernorsaysthatallthecoureursdeboiswouldbebroughttosubmissionbutfortheintendantandhisallies,whoprotectthem,andcarryontradebytheirmeans;thattheseigniorialhouseofDuchesneau'spartner,LaChesnaye,istheconstantresortoftheseoutlaws;andthatheandhisassociateshavelargestorehousesatMontreal,IsleSt.Paul,andRivièreduLoup,whencetheysendgoodsintotheIndiancountry,incontemptoftheking'sorders.[22]Frontenacalsocomplainsofnumberlessprovocationsfromtheintendant."ItisnofaultofminethatIamnotongoodtermswithM.Duchesneau;forIhavedoneeverythingIcouldtothatend,beingtoosubmissivetoyourMajesty'scommandsnottosuppressmysharpestindignationthemomentyourwillisknowntome.But,Sire,itisnotsowithhim;andhisdesiretoexcitenewdisputes,inthehopeofmakingmeappeartheir61principalauthor,hasbeensogreatthatthelastshipswerehardlygone,when,forgettingwhatyourMajestyhadenjoineduponusboth,hebeganthesedissensionsafresh,inspiteofallmyprecautions.IfIdepartfrommyusualreserveinregardtohim,andmakeboldtoaskjusticeatthehandsofyourMajestyforthewrongsandinsultsIhaveundergone,itisbecausenothingbutyourauthoritycankeepthemwithinbounds.IhaveneversufferedmoreinmylifethanwhenIhavebeenmadetoappearasamanofviolenceandadisturberoftheofficersofjustice:forIhavealwaysconfinedmyselftowhatyourMajestyhasprescribed;thatis,toexhortingthemtodotheirdutywhenIsawthattheyfailedinit.Thishasdrawnuponme,bothfromthemandfromM.Duchesneau,suchcuttingaffrontsthatyourMajestywouldhardlycreditthem."[23]

comédies)estrenvoyésn&SaMajesté,1681.(?)(RegistreduNotthathesawmuchhopeinit.Heknewthateverychancewasagainsthim.Disappointmentinthepastandgloominthefuture,thepainand268

BesidestheSautSte.MarieandMichilimackinac,bothnotedfishing-places,therewasanotherspot,nolessfamousforgameandfish,andthereforeafavoriteresortofIndians.ThiswastheheadoftheGreenBayofLakeMichigan.[30]Hereandinadjacentdistrictsseveraldistincttribeshadmadetheirabode.TheMenomonieswereontheriverwhichbearstheirname;thePottawattamiesandWinnebagoeswere[Pg43]nearthebordersofthebay;theSacs,onFoxRiver;theMascoutins,Miamis,andKickapoos,onthesameriver,aboveLakeWinnebago;andtheOutagamies,orFoxes,onatributaryofitflowingfromthenorth.GreenBaywasmanifestlysuitedforamission;and,asearlyastheautumnof1669,FatherClaudeAllouezwassentthithertofoundone.Afternearlyperishingbytheway,hesetouttoexplorethedestinedfieldofhislabors,andwentasfarasthetownoftheMascoutins.Earlyintheautumnof1670,havingbeenjoinedbyDablon,SuperiorofthemissionsontheUpperLakes,hemadeanotherjourney,butnotuntilthetwofathershadheldacouncilwiththecongregatedtribesatSt.Fran?oisXavier;forsotheynamedtheirmissionofGreenBay.Here,astheyharanguedtheirnakedaudience,theirgravitywasputtotheproof;forabandofwarriors,anxioustodothemhonor,walkedincessantlyupanddown,apingthemovementsofthesoldiersonguardbeforethegovernor'stentatMontreal."Wecouldhardlykeepfromlaughing,"writesDablon,"though,wewerediscoursingonveryimportantsubjects;namely,themysteriesofourreligion,andthethingsnecessarytoescapingfrometernalfire."[31]

Thedeadcalmcontinued."Wewereallverytired,"saysthechaplain,"andIaboveall,withprayingtoGodforafairwind.To-day,atabouttwointheafternoon,Hetookpityonus,andsentusabreeze."Beforenighttheysawland,—thefaintlineofforest,tracedalongthewateryhorizon,thatmarkedthecoastofFlorida.Butwhere,inallthisvastmonotony,wasthelurking-placeoftheFrench?Menendezanchored,andsentacaptainwithtwentymenashore,whopresentlyfoundabandofIndians,andgainedfromthemtheneededinformation.Hestoodnorthward,till,ontheafternoonofTuesday,thefourthofSeptember,hedescriedfourshipsanchorednearthemouthofariver.ItwastheriverSt.John's,andtheshipswerefourofRibaut'ssquadron.Thepreywasinsight.TheSpaniardspreparedforbattle,andboredownupontheLutherans;for,withthem,allProtestantsalikewerebrandedwiththenameofthearch-heretic.Slowly,beforethefaintbreeze,theshipsglidedontheirway;butwhile,excitedandimpatient,thefiercecrewswatchedthedecreasingspace,andwhentheywerestillthreeleaguesfromtheirprize,theairceasedtostir,thesailsflappedagainstthemast,ablackcloudwiththunderroseabovethecoast,andthewarmrainoftheSouthdescendedonthebreathlesssea.Itwasdarkbeforethewindstirredagainandtheshipsresumedtheircourse.Athalf-pasteleventheyreachedtheFrench.The"SanPelayo"slowlymovedtowindwardofRibaut'sflag-ship,the"Trinity,"andanchoredverynearher.Theothershipstooksimilarstations.Whilethesepreparationsweremaking,aworkoftwohours,themenlaboredinsilence,andtheFrench,throngingtheirgangways,lookedoninequalsilence."Never,sinceIcameintotheworld,"writesthechaplain,"didIknowsuchastillness."

2Now,embarkedinthecanoeofsomeMontagnaisIndian,lethimcrosstheSt.Lawrence,landatthepier,and,passingtheclusterofbuildings,climbthepathwayupthecliff.Pausingforrestandbreath,hemightsee,ascendinganddescending,thetenantsofthisoutpostofthewilderness:asoldierofthefort,oranofficerinslouchedhatandplume;afactorofthefurcompany,ownerandsovereignlordofallCanada;apartyofIndians;atraderfromtheuppercountry,oneoftheprecursorsofthathardyraceofcoureursdebois,destinedtoformaconspicuousandstrikingfeatureoftheCanadianpopulation:next,perhaps,wouldappearafigurewidelydifferent.Theclose,blackcassock,therosaryhangingfromthewaist,andthewide,blackhat,loopedupatthesides,proclaimedtheJesuit,—FatherLeJeune,SuperioroftheResidenceofQuebec.

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  • 雨花郡主xcpzV

    [221]Ontheotherhand,hesetsdownonhismapof1683amissionoftheRécolletsatapointnorthofthefarthestsourcesoftheMississippi,towhichnowhitemanhadeverpenetrated.

     

  • 雪灵芝jzjf7

    V1ThereuponhewrotetoLongueuilatQuebecthathisparishionerswantedtosubmittotheEnglish,andthathe,havingsworntobetruetotheBritishKing,couldnotpreventthem."ThoughIdon'tpretendtobeacasuist,"writesLongueuil,"Icouldnothelpansweringhimthatheisnotobligedtokeepsuchanoath,andthatheoughttolaborinallzealtopreserveandincreasethenumberofthefaithful."Girard,tohiscredit,preferredtoleavethecolony,andretiredtoIsleSt.Jean.[94]

  • 如萱紫儿D3bjn

    ***“Ilnelaissepasd’ êtredetrèsgrandeconséquencede

  • 但法国B9qiy

    [8]Relation,1660,6(anonymous).

     l’H?pital.”Theyresistedatfirst,andseriousriots

  • 大笨蛋6xB4r

    v

  • 扒皮成ZP0Jm

     Whoopingandscreeching,theyrantotheircanoes,crossedtheriver,climbedthewoodyhill,andswarmeddownupontheplainbeyond.Aboutahundredofthemhadguns;therestwerearmedwithbowsandarrows.Theywerenowfacetofacewiththeenemy,whohademergedfromthewoodsoftheVermilion,andwereadvancingontheopenprairie.Withunwontedspirit,fortheirreputeaswarriorswasbynomeanshigh,theIllinoisbegan,aftertheirfashion,tocharge;thatis,theyleaped,yelled,andshotoffbulletsandarrows,advancingastheydidso;whiletheIroquoisrepliedwithgymnasticsnolessagileandhowlingsnolessterrific,mingledwiththerapidclatteroftheirguns.Tontysawthatitwouldgohardwithhisallies.Itwasofthelast[Pg227]momenttostopthefight,ifpossible.TheIroquoiswere,orprofessedtobe,atpeacewiththeFrench;and,takingcounselofhiscourage,heresolvedonanattempttomediate,whichmaywellbecalledadesperateone.Helaidasidehisgun,tookinhishandawampumbeltasaflagoftruce,andwalkedforwardtomeetthesavagemultitude,attendedbyBoisrondet,anotherFrenchman,andayoungIllinoiswhohadthehardihoodtoaccompanyhim.ThegunsoftheIroquoisstillflashedthickandfast.Someofthemwereaimedathim,onwhichhesentbackthetwoFrenchmenandtheIllinois,andadvancedalone,holdingoutthewampumbelt.[188]Amomentmore,andhewasamongtheinfuriatedwarriors.Itwasafrightfulspectacle,—thecontortedforms,bounding,crouching,twisting,todealordodgetheshot;thesmallkeeneyesthatshonelikeanangrysnake's;thepartedlipspealingtheir[Pg228]fiendishyells;thepaintedfeatureswrithingwithfearandfury,andeverypassionofanIndianfight,—man,wolf,anddevil,allinone.[189]Withhisswarthycomplexionandhishalf-savagedress,theythoughthewasanIndian,andthrongedabouthim,glaringmurder.Ayoungwarriorstabbedathisheartwithaknife,butthepointglancedasideagainstarib,inflictingonlyadeepgash.Achiefcalledoutthat,ashisearswerenotpierced,hemustbeaFrenchman.Onthis,someofthemtriedtostopthebleeding,andledhimtotherear,whereanangryparleyensued,whiletheyellsandfiringstillresoundedinthefront.Tonty,breathless,andbleedingatthemouthwiththeforceoftheblowhehadreceived,foundwordstodeclarethattheIllinoiswereundertheprotectionoftheKingandthegovernorofCanada,andtodemandthattheyshouldbeleftinpeace.[190]

  • 草莓果oEzcM

    Thepreparationoftheconvertforbaptismwasoftenveryslight.AdyingAlgonquin,who,though164meagreasaskeleton,hadthrownhimself,withalasteffortofexpiringferocity,onanIroquoisprisoner,andtornoffhisearwithhisteeth,wasbaptizedalmostimmediately.[30]Inthecaseofconvertsinhealththerewasfarmorepreparation;yettheseoftenapostatized.Thevariousobjectsofinstructionmayallbeincludedinonecomprehensiveword,submission,—anabdicationofwillandjudgmentinfavorofthespiritualdirector,whowastheinterpreterandvicegerentofGod.Thedirector'sfunctionconsistedintheenforcementofdogmasbywhichhehadhimselfbeensubdued,inwhichhebelievedprofoundly,andtowhichheoftenclungwithanabsorbingenthusiasm.TheJesuits,anOrderthoroughlyandvehementlyreactive,hadrevivedinEuropethemedi?valtypeofChristianity,withallitsattendantsuperstitions.OfthesetheCanadianmissionsbearabundantmarks.Yet,onthewhole,thelaborsofthemissionariestendedgreatlytothebenefitoftheIndians.Reclaimed,astheJesuitstriedtoreclaimthem,fromtheirwanderinglife,settledinhabitsofpeacefulindustry,andreducedtoapassiveandchildlikeobedience,165theywouldhavegainedmorethanenoughtocompensatethemforthelossoftheirferociousandmiserableindependence.Atleast,theywouldhaveescapedannihilation.TheSocietyofJesusaspiredtothemasteryofallNewFrance;butthemethodsofitsambitionwereconsistentwithaChristianbenevolence.Hadthisbeenotherwise,itwouldhaveemployedotherinstruments.ItwouldnothavechosenaJoguesoraGarnier.TheSocietyhadmenforeverywork,anditusedthemwisely.ItutilizedtheapostolicvirtuesofitsCanadianmissionaries,fannedtheirenthusiasm,anddecorateditselfwiththeirmartyrcrowns.Withjoyandgratulation,itsawthemrivalinanotherhemispherethenoblememoryofitssaintandhero,FrancisXavier.[31]

     Buttherewereothercontingencies.ThepossessionofCanadawasaquestionofdiplomacyaswellasofwar.IfEnglandconqueredher,shemightrestoreher,asshehadlatelyrestoredCape3

  • 绿卡纸NdXPZ

    TheancientcountryoftheHuronsisnowthenorthernandeasternportionofSimcoeCounty,CanadaWest,andisembracedwithinthepeninsulaformedbytheNottawassagaandMatchedashBaysofLakeHuron,theRiverSevern,andLakeSimcoe.Itsareawassmall,—itspopulationcomparativelylarge.Intheyear1639theJesuitsmadeanenumerationofallitsvillages,dwellings,andfamilies.Theresultshowedthirty-twovillagesandhamlets,withsevenhundreddwellings,aboutfourthousandfamilies,andtwelvethousandadultpersons,oratotalpopulationofatleasttwentythousand.[6]

     Ofthatyoungstudent,Mr.Frye,

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