第31届河南新闻奖评选综述

dOKap-news 发布时间: 2020-07-11 06:16:24

“幸运飞艇还数85992”OnthefollowingeveningLordMelbourne,havingexplainedwhyheresigned,said,"Andnow,mylords,IfranklydeclarethatIresumeofficeunequivocallyandsolelyforthisreason,thatIwillnotabandonmySovereigninasituation[463]ofdifficultyanddistress,andespeciallywhenademandismadeuponherMajestywithwhichIthinksheoughtnottocomply—ademand,inmyopinion,inconsistentwithherpersonalhonour,andwhich,ifacquiescedin,wouldmakeherreignliabletoallthechangesandvariationsofpoliticalparties,andrenderherdomesticlifeoneconstantsceneofunhappinessanddiscomfort."TheWhigs,therefore,returnedtooffice,butnottopower.FurthercorrespondenceonthesubjectdidnothealthewoundthathadbeeninflictedontheprideoftheSpanishGovernment,butratherinflamedit;andonthe19thofMaytheBritishambassadorreceivedaperemptoryordertoquitthekingdomwithinforty-eighthours.Indismissinghim,theDukedeSotomayoradministeredtohimaverysharprebuke."Yourconduct,"hesaid,"intheexecutionofyourimportantmissionhasbeenreprobatedbypublicopinioninEngland,censuredbytheBritishpress,andcondemnedintheBritishParliament.HerCatholicMajesty'sGovernmentcannotdefenditwhenthatofherBritannicMajestyhasnotdoneso."SirHenryBulweraccordinglydeparted,Mr.Otway,theprincipalattaché,remainingtotransactanynecessarybusinessconnectedwiththeembassy.Diplomaticrelationswerenotrenewedforsometime,and,itmustbeadmitted,thattheinsultthathadbeenofferedtoEnglandwasinagreatmeasureprovoked.

[Seelargerversion]

ThethirdtopicdiscussedattheseconferenceswasthenatureoftherelationsthensubsistingbetweenFranceandSpain,andtheprojectsoftheformerpowerinreferencetothelatter.ThesewereexplainedbytheMinisterwithoutanyreserve,andwithnosymptomsofapprehensionthattheywouldbedisagreeabletoBritain,orofanxietyastotheresult,whethertheyweresoornot.Hefranklyavowedthat,undercoverofthesanitarycordon,100,000Frenchtroopswereassembled;thatitwasproposedtothrowthemintwocolumnsintoSpain;thatonecolumn,of40,000men,wastopassintoCatalonia,whiletheother,of60,000,wastomarchbythegreatroadthroughIrunuponMadrid.Hestatedthatthesoleobjectofthisinvasionwastoinsurethepersonalsafetyoftheking,toaffordhimtheopportunitytocollectanativeforcestrongenoughtoenablehimtoprotecthimselfagainsttheschemesoftheRevolutionists—thatis,toputdowntheConstitution.Ofcourse,Francesaidsheentertainednoviewsofconquestoraggrandisement,orevenofprolongedoccupation.ShewouldwithdrawhertroopswhenevertheKingofSpainsaidhecoulddowithoutthem,andyieldupeveryinchofterritory.InreferencetothismattertheDukeofWellingtonwrotehomeforinstructions,andinreplyCanningsaid:—"IftherebeadeterminedprojecttointerferebyforceorbymenaceinthepresentstruggleinSpain,soconvincedarehisMajesty'sGovernmentoftheuselessnessanddangerofanysuchinterference—soobjectionabledoesitappeartotheminprinciple,aswellasutterlyimpracticableinexecution—thatwhenthenecessityarises—or,Iwouldrathersay,whentheopportunityoffers—Iamtoinstructyourgraceatoncefranklyandperemptorilytodeclarethattoanysuchinterference,comewhatmay,hisMajestywillnotbeaparty."TosaythatEnglandperemptorilydeclined"tobeaparty"totheinvasionofanindependentstate,inordertoforceuponthepeopleagovernmentcontrarytotheirwill,wasnotsayingverymuch,norputtingtheobjectionverystrongly.Weareassured,however,thattheDukesteadilysethisfaceagainsttheproject,pointingoutthatthestepwouldbenotonlyunjust,butimpolitic;thatitwouldprecipitatethecatastrophewhichtheFrenchGovernmentfeared;thattheRevolutionistswouldprobablyremoveFerdinandfromMadridassoonastheyheardofthepassingofthefrontierbytheFrenchtroops,andthat,evenifthesetroopsshouldreachthecapital,theSpaniardswouldnotthereforesubmit,norwouldthekingbesetatliberty.HearguedthatawarbetweenFranceandSpainforsuchapurposewouldbepronouncedawartoputdownfreeinstitutions,andthatifFrancesoughtthesupportofherallies,theonlyoneamongstthemthathadfreeinstitutionswouldfeelitherdutytomeetsucharequestwitharefusal.Europewouldberangedintotwohostilecamps,thatofabsolutismontheonesideandofrevolutionontheother;amidwhichnotthronesonly,butsettledgovernmentsineveryform,mightbeoverthrown.Inreplytothesearguments,boththekingandhisMinisterstatedthatwhateverFrancemightdointhemattershewoulddosingle-handed,andthatshewouldnotonlynotapplyforassistancefromwithout,butthat,ifsuchassistancewereoffered,shewouldrefuseit.TheDukecouldnot,however,prevailupontheFrenchGovernmenttorefrainfrombringingthequestionbetweenFrance[234]andSpainbeforetheCongress.ThekingandhisMinisterbothcontendedthatvastmoralgoodwouldaccruefromajointremonstranceonthepartoftheAlliesagainstthetreatmenttowhichtheKingofSpainwassubjected,andajointthreatthatifanyviolencewereofferedtohispersonorfamilyallwouldunitetoavengetheoutrage.THECHARGEOFTHECAVALRYATMEEANEE.(Seep.592.)

Butwhilsthispoliticaleffortsdidtheirworkinhislifetime,hisliterarylaboursarethebasisofhispresentfame.Thesewerealmostallproducedafterhissixtiethyear;"RobinsonCrusoe,"byfarthemostpopularofallhiswritingsandoneofthemostpopularinalltheworld'sliterature,"TheDumbPhilosopher,""CaptainSingleton,""DuncanCampbell,""MollFlanders,""ColonelJacque,""TheJournalofthePlague,""TheMemoirsofaCavalier,""TheFortunateMistress;or,Roxana,""TheNewVoyageroundtheWorld,"and"CaptainCarleton."Thelifeandfidelitytohumannaturewithwhichthesearewrittenhavecontinuallyledreaderstobelievethemaltogetherrealnarratives.The"JournalofthePlague"wasquotedasarelationoffactsbyDr.Mead;Chathamusedtorecommend"TheMemoirsofaCavalier"asthebestaccountoftheCivilWar;Dr.Johnsonreadthelifeof"CaptainCarleton"asgenuine,andwecontinuallyseethestoryof"Mrs.Veal'sGhost,"writtenbyDefoetopuffDrelincourt'sheavy"EssayonDeath,"includedincollectionsasamatter-of-factaccountofanapparition.Thisqualityofverisimilitudeisoneofthegreatestcharmsofhisinimitable"Crusoe,"whichisthedelightoftheyoungfromagetoage.

GreatBritainbearsaheavyburdenoftaxation,yetshedoesnotseemtofeelit.ManyyearsagoMr.Disraeli,intheHouseofCommons,calledtheNationalDebta"flea-bite."Itisnotquitesolightamatterasthat;still,itdoesnotseemtorenderhersteplessfirm,norretardherprogress,norgivehermuchtrouble.ItisamatterofwondertoforeignershowtheBritishpeoplemanagetohavesomuchmoneyafterpayingsosmartlyintheshapeoftaxes,andspendingsomuchonfood,clothing,andhouseholdaccommodation.Thesecretliesinthewonderfulindustryandthriftinthemassesofthepeople.Theyworkhard,livewell,andwastelittle.ThenumberofpeoplewholiveinGreatBritainwithoutlabouringinanywayfortheirsupportwithheadorhandisverysmall.Of5,812,000malestwentyyearsof[424]ageandupwards,in1831,nolessthan5,466,000wereengagedinsomecallingorprofession.Theprogressivewell-beingofthemiddleclassesofEnglandhasbeenindicatedverysatisfactorilybytheimprovedcharacteroftheirdwellings.Ifthecountryismorehealthfulthanthecity,onecausemaybefoundinthelesscrowdedstateofthehabitations.Inthecountrytheproportionwasaboutfiveandahalfpersonsonanaverageineachhouse;inLondonaboutathirdmore.InScotlandtheproportionwassixtotenin1831,andinIrelanditwassixtotwelve,takingthecapitalineachcaseasrepresentingtheurbanpopulation.ThenumberofinhabitedhouseswhichEnglandcontainedin1821was1,952,000;inIrelandthenumberwas1,142,602;inScotlanditwas341,474.In1841thenumberswere—England,2,753,295;Ireland,1,328,839;Scotland,503,357.ThelargeincreaseinScotlandisaccountedforbythefactthatinthereturnsof1841"flats"weresetdownashouses,whichwasnotthecaseinthefirstreturn.Thetaxoninhabitedhousesratedinthreeclassesfrom£10to£20,from£20to£40,andfrom£40andupwards.From1821to1833thehousesratedat£40andupwardsincreasedinEnglandfrom69,000to84,000.Theothertwoclassesofhousesincreasedinaboutthesameproportion.Thehousedutywasrepealedin1834.Therewasadutyonbrickstill1850,bywhichmeansthequantityconsumedwasascertained,andtheincreasebetween1821and1847was130percent.Betweentheyears1821and1841theuseofcarriageswithfourwheelsincreased60percent.—doubletheratiooftheincreaseofthepopulation.Inthemeantimehiredcarriageshadincreasedfrom20,000to33,000.ColonelSykes,atameetingoftheStatisticalSociety,countedthecostofkeepingafour-wheeledprivatecarriage,includingservants,at£250ayear.Thismaybetoohighanestimate;buttakingfour-wheeledandtwo-wheeledcarriagestogether,Mr.Porterthoughttheaverageexpensewasnotlessthan£100ayearforeach,whichwouldgivemorethan£5,000,000forthisluxuryin1821,morethan£9,000,000for1831,andmorethan£10,000,000for1841—aproofofwealthwhichnoothercountryinEuropecouldshow.

Theyear1792openedinEnglandwithastateofintenseanxietyregardingthemenacingattitudeofaffairsinFrance.TherewereallthesignsofagreatrupturewiththeotherContinentalnations;yettheking,inopeningParliament,onthe31stofJanuary,didnotevenalludetotheseominouscircumstances,butheldoutthehopeofcontinuedpeace.GeorgeIII.statedthathehadbeenengagedwithsomeofhisalliesinendeavouringtobringaboutapacificationbetweentheRussiansandAustrianswithTurkey,andthathehopedfortheconclusionofthewarinIndiaagainstTippooSahib,erelong,throughtheablemanagementofLordCornwallis.HealsoannouncedtheapproachingmarriageoftheDukeofYorkwiththeeldestdaughteroftheKingofPrussia.GreyandFox,inthedebateupontheAddress,condemnedstronglyourinterferenceonbehalfofTurkey—astatewhichtheycontendedought,fromitscorruption,tobeallowedtodisappear.TheyalsoexpressedastrongopinionthatthewarinIndiawouldnotbesosoonterminated.FoxwasverysevereonthetreatmentofDr.PriestleyandtheDissentersatBirmingham,declaringtheinjuries[389]donetoPriestleyandhisfriendsequallydisgracefultothenationandtothenationalChurch.HepassedthehighestencomiumsontheloyaltyoftheDissenters.PittregrettedtheoutragesatBirmingham,butslideasilyoverthemtodefendthesupportofTurkeyasnecessarytothemaintenanceofthebalanceofpowerinEurope;andheconcludedthedebatebystatingthattherevenueofthelastyearhadbeensixteenmillionsevenhundredandseventythousandpounds,andthatitleftninehundredthousandpoundstowardstheliquidationoftheNationalDebt.

Onthe17thofOctoberthepeacebetweenFranceandAustriawasdefinitivelysignedatCampoFormio.ToFranceAustriacededBelgium,theleftbankoftheRhine,includingMayence,theIonianislands,andtheVenetianpossessionsinAlbania,bothofwhichreallybelongedtoVenice.Veniceitself,anditsterritoryasfarastheAdige,withIstriaandVenetianDalmatiaontheothersideoftheAdriatic,weremadeovertoAustriawithoutceremony.TheMilanandMantuanstatesweregivenupbyAustria,withModena,Massa,Carrara;andthepapalprovincesofBologna,Ferrara,Ravenna,andtherestofthem,asfarastheRubicon,wereincludedinanewso-calledCisalpineRepublicbelongingtoFrance.Tuscany,Parma,Rome,andNapleswerestillcalledItalian,butwereasmuch,Naplesexcepted,inthepowerofFranceastherest.Infact,exceptVenetia,whichAustriasecured,allItalyexceptNapleswassubjectedtotheFrench,andtheregularprocessofdemocratisingwasgoingon,inthelatterkingdom,foranearlyseizure.

Allthetraverserswerefoundguilty.TheAttorney-GeneraldidnotpressforjudgmentagainsttheRev.MatthewTierney.UpontherestMr.JusticeBurton,whowasdeeplyaffected,pronouncedjudgmentonthe30thofMay,inthefollowingterms:—"Withrespecttotheprincipaltraverser,theCourtisofopinionthathemustbesentencedtobeimprisonedforthespaceoftwelvecalendarmonths;andthatheisfurthertobefinedinthesumof£2,000,andboundinhisownrecognisancesinthesumof£5,000,andtwosuretiesin£2,500,tokeepthepeaceforsevenyears.Withrespecttotheothertraversers,wehavecometotheconclusionthattoeachshallbeallottedsimilarsentences,namely,thattheybeimprisonedforthespaceofninecalendarmonths,eachofthemtopay£50fine,andtoenterintotheirownrecognisancesof£1,000each,andtwosuretiesof£500,tokeepthepeaceforsevenyears."LouisPhilippe,KingoftheFrench,hadbeenthesubjectofconstanteulogyfortheconsummateabilityandexquisitetactwithwhichhehadgovernedFranceforseventeenyears.Itwassupposedthatthe"CitizenKing"hadatlengthtaughthisrestlessandimpulsivesubjectstheblessingsofconstitutionalgovernment,andthattheywereperfectlycontentedwiththefreeinstitutionsunderwhichitwasnowtheirhappinesstolive.Guizot,regardedasoneofthegreateststatesmenontheContinent,wasattheheadofaffairsin1847,anditwashopedthathisprofoundwisdomandkeensagacitywouldenablehimtoguardthestateagainstanydangerswithwhichitmightbethreatenedbytheLegitimistsononesideortheDemocratsontheother.ButthewholeaspectofpublicaffairsinFrancewasdeceptive,andtheunconsciousmonarchoccupiedathronewhichrestedonavolcano.Therepresentativegovernmentofwhichheboastedwasnothingbutasham—agrossfrauduponthenation.Thebasisoftheelectoralconstituencywasextremelynarrow,andmajoritiesweresecuredintheChambersbythegrossabuseofenormousgovernmentpatronage.Thepeople,however,sawthroughthedelusion,andwereindignantattheartificesbywhichtheyweredeceived.Theking,whointerferedwithhisMinistersineverything,andreallydirectedtheGovernment,wasproudofhisskillin"managing"hisMinistry,hisParliament,andthenation.Buttheconvictiongainedgroundeverywhere,andwithitaroseafeelingofdeepresentment,thathehadbrokenfaithwiththenation,thathehadutterlyfailedtofulfilhispledgestothepeople,whohaderectedthebarricades,andplacedhimuponthethronein1830.Thefriendsofthemonarchywereconvincedthatitcouldonlybesavedbyspeedyandeffectualreform.ButtheverynameofReformwashatefultotheking,andhisaide-de-camptookcaretomakeknowntothemembersoftheChambershisopinionsandfeelingsuponthesubject.M.OdillonBarrot,however,originatedaseriesofReformbanquets,whichcommencedinParis,andwereheldintheprincipalprovincialcities,atwhichthemosteminentmeninthecountrydeliveredstrongspeechesagainstpoliticalcorruptionandcorrupters,andespeciallyagainsttheMinisterwhowasregardedastheirchiefdefender—Guizot.

Whilstbloodwasthusflowingbytheguillotine,notonlyinParis,but,underthemanagementofJacobinCommissioners,innearlyallthelargetownsofFrance,especiallyLyons,Bordeaux,andNantes,aterribleworkofexterminationwasgoingonagainsttheroyalistsofLaVendée.Thesimplepeopleofthatprovince,primitiveintheirhabitsandsincereintheirfaith,desirednoRepublic.Theiraristocracy,forthemostpartofonlymoderatepossessions,livedamongstthemratherlikearaceofkindlycountrysquiresthangreatlords,andthepeoplewereaccordinglycordiallyattachedtothem.InMarchoftheyear1793theConventioncalledforaconscriptionofthreehundredthousand,andtheVendéans,toaman,refusedtoserveunderaGovernmentthathadpersecutedboththeirpriestsandtheirseigneurs.Thiswasthecertainsignalofcivilwar.TroopswereorderedtomarchintoLaVendée,andcompelobedience.Thenthepeasantsflewtoarms,andcalledonthenoblesandprieststojointhem.Atfirsttheywereentirelysuccessful,butmatterschangedwhenKleberwasputinpracticalcommand.

THEFIRSTGENERALASSEMBLYOFTHEFREECHURCHOFSCOTLAND.

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    AtthisjunctureSirHenryPottingersucceededCaptainElliot,withorderstobringthewartoasatisfactoryconclusion.Hismeasureswereprompt;Amoyfellonthe26thofAugust,Chusan,whichhadbeenabandoned,wasrecapturedinSeptember,andtheChineseexperiencedfurtherreversesin1842.AtlengththeChinesesawthatresistancewasvain,andthattheymustcometoterms,asthe"barbarians"couldnotbeexterminated.FullpowershadbeengiventothreeCommissionerstonegotiateatreatyofpeace,which,aftervariousconferences,wasconcludedonthe26thofAugust,1842.Itembracedthefollowingstipulations:—ThepaymentbytheChineseofanindemnityof£4,375,000inadditiontotheransomof£1,250,000alreadysurrendered;theopeningofthenewportsofCanton,Amoy,Fou-chow-fou,Ning-po,andShang-haitoBritishmerchants,withpermissiontoconsularofficerstoresidethere;thecessionoftheislandofHongKongtotheBritishinperpetuity;correspondencetobeconductedontermsofperfectequalitybetweentheofficersofbothGovernments;andtheislandsofChusanandKu-lang-sutobeheldbytheBritishuntilthemoneypaymentsweremade,andarrangementsforopeningtheportswerecompleted.

     AnewMinistrywasappointedwithPrinceSchwarzenbergatitshead,andonthe2ndofDecembertheEmperorFerdinandabdicatedinfavourofhisnephew,FrancisJoseph,whosefatherFrancisCharles,nextinsuccession,renouncedhisclaimtothethrone.Theretiringemperorstatedthatthepressureofevents,andtheimmediatewantofacomprehensivereformation[580]intheformsofState,convincedhimthatmoreyouthfulpowerswerenecessarytocompletethegrandworkwhichhehadcommenced.TherealreasonwasthatLordPalmerston,whoinhisprivatecorrespondenceheldtheEmperortobe"nextthingtoanidiot,"hadbeenconstantlyadvisinghimtoresignhissceptreintofirmerhands.TheyoungEmperor,inhisproclamation,expressedhisconvictionofthevalueoffreeinstitutions,andsaidthatheenteredwithconfidenceonthepathofaprosperousreformationofthemonarchy.

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    GENERALELECTIONOF1784:THEHUSTINGS,COVENTGARDEN:THEWESTMINSTERDESERTERDRUMMEDOUTOFTHEREGIMENT—DEFEATOFSIRCECILWRAY.(ReducedfacsimileoftheCaricaturebyT.Rowlandson.)

     Themechanicalinvention,however,destinedtoproducethemostextraordinaryrevolutioninsociallifewasthatofrailways,whichduringthisreignwereprogressingtowardsthepointwhere,combinedwiththesteam-engine,theyweretoburstforthintoanactivityandstrengthastonishingtothewholeworld.Tram-roads—thatis,roadswithlinesofsmoothtimberforthewheelsofwaggonstorunupon—hadbeeninuseintheNewcastlecollieriesforacenturybefore.In1767,attheCoalbrookDaleIronWorks,ironplatesweresubstitutedforwood,andbythissimpleschemeonehorsecould,withease,drawasmuchastenonanordinaryroad.In1776ironflanges,oruprightedges,wereusedatthecollieriesoftheDukeofNorfolk,nearSheffield,andafterthistimetheybecamecommonatallcollieries,bothaboveandbelowground.In1801anironrailway,byajoint-stockcompany,wasopenedfromWandsworthtoCroydon.ThreeyearsbeforeironrailwayshadbeenintroducedtoconveytheslatesfromLordPenrhyn'squarries,inCarnarvonshire,totheMenaiStraitforshipment,andtheywereattachedtocanalsfortheconveyanceofgoodstoandfromthem.Attheendofthisreignthereweretwohundredandtwenty-fivemilesofironrailroadsintheneighbourhoodofNewcastle-on-Tyne,andupwardsofthreehundredmilesinthesinglecountyofGlamorgan.

  • 草莓果YdQeI

    ButwhatevermayhavebeentheprudenceofthechiefsofthepartyinBritain,howeverquietlythesuppressionmayhavebeeneffectedontheEnglishsideofSt.George'sChannel,thesocietywasveryfarfromdyingquietly,ordyingatallinIreland,itsnativeland.Itwasstunnedforthemoment,butverysoonrecoveredallitspristinevigourandbecameastroublesomeasever.LordMulgravewenttothatcountryasViceroy,determinedtogovernontheprincipleofstrictimpartialitybetweensectsandparties,buttheOrangemenandtheToriesgenerallydenouncedhimasthemostpartialandone-sidedofViceroys.ItwasenoughforthemthatO'ConnelldeclaredhimtobethebestEnglishmanthatevercametoIreland.Eulogyfromhislipswasthestrongestpossiblecensureintheestimationoftheoppositeparty.TheviolenceofpartyfeelingagainsttheGovernmentmaybeinferredfromthefactthattheRecorderofDublin,Mr.Shaw,oneoftheablestandmosteloquentoftheProtestantchiefs,denouncedtheMelbourneAdministrationasinfidelsinreligion.LordMulgrave,imitatingsomeoftheViceroysofoldtimes,madea"progress"ofconciliationthroughthecountry,firstvisitingthesouthandthenthenorth.Thisprogresswassignalisedbythepardonandliberationofalargenumberofprisoners,whichproducedmuchexcitementandclamouragainsttheGovernment.Itsubsequentlyappearedthathehadduringhisviceroyaltyliberated822prisoners,ofwhom388wereliberatedwithoutadvice,thenumberofmemorialswhichhereceivedbeing1,631.AlthoughheevincedhisimpartialitybysettingfreealltheOrangemenwhohadbeenimprisonedinUlsterfortakingpartinprocessionsontheprevious12thofJuly,themembersofthat[396]bodywerenotconciliated.TheDublinGrandCommitteepublishedamanifesto,declaringthatthemerewillofthekingwasnotlaw,andthattheirwatchwordshouldstillbe"NoSurrender."SirHarcourtLees,whohadbeenlongfamousasanOrangeagitator,issuingcounter-blaststoO'Connell'slettersandspeeches,concludedoneofhisappealsonthisoccasionthus:—"Orangemen,increaseandmultiply;betranquil,bevigilant.PutyourtrustinGod,stillrevereyourking,andkeepyourpowderdry."InUlstertheorgansoftheOrangepartycalleduponitsmemberstoresistthelawagainstprocessions,sincetheprovisionsoftheEmancipationActagainsttheJesuitsandotherreligiousorders,whotreatedthelawwithdefiance,wereallowedtoremainadeadletter.TheLondonderrySentinelwarnedofftheLiberalViceroyfromthatcitadelofProtestantascendency,andsaid,"Ifheshouldcomeamongus,heshallseesuchadisplayofOrangebannersaswillputhimintothehorrors."Theirritationwaskeptupbyvariousincidents,suchassettingasidetheelectionofamayorofCork,becausehewasanOrangeman,settingasidetwosheriffs,andthedismissalofconstablesforthesamereason.InthemeantimeatremendousoutcrywasraisedonaccountoftheallegedpartialityoftheIrishGovernmentonthesubjectofpatronage.ItwassaidthateveryofficewasatthedisposaloftheRomanCatholics;thatfromthebenchofjusticedowntotheofficeofpolice-constabletherewasnochanceforanyoneelse.Inthemidstofawaroffactionsinthespringof1836atremendoussensationwasproducedbytheblowingupofthestatueofKingWilliamonCollegeGreen.Onthe8thofFebruary,alittleaftermidnight,thisastoundingeventoccurred.Thestatuestoodonapedestaleighteenfeetinheight,surroundedbyanenclosureofironrailing,theheadbeingaboutthirtyfeetfromthelevelofthestreet.Thefigureconsistedoflead,andthoughweighingseveraltons,itwasblownuptoaconsiderableheight,andfellatsomedistancefromthepedestal.TheGovernmentandthecorporationofferedrewardsforthediscoveryoftheauthorsofthisoutrage,butwithoutsuccess.Itwasamysteryhowsuchaquantityofgunpowdercouldhavebeengotintothestatue,andhowatraincouldhavebeenlaidwithoutdetectioninsopublicaplace,thepolicebeingalwaysondutyonCollegeGreenatnight.KingWilliam,however,wasrestoredtohisposition.

     CAPTUREOFWOLFETONE.(Seep.464.)

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    [Seelargerversion]

     ThiswasathunderstroketoHastingsandhisfriends.FiftyofPitt'sfollowersimmediatelywheeledroundwithhim;DundasvotedwithPitt,andthemotionwascarriedbyanexactinversionofthenumberswhichhadnegativedtheformerarticleontheRohillawar,onehundredandnineteenagainstsixty-seven.TheSessionclosedonthe11thofJulywiththerestofthechargeshangingovertheex-Governor'sheadinominousgloom.

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