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“亚洲六大地理分区简图”Inthepresentvolumesthenatureofthesubjectdoesnotpermitanunbrokenthreadofnarrative,andtheunityofthebookliesinitsbeingthroughout,inoneformoranother,anillustrationofthesingularlycontrastedcharactersandmethodsoftherivalclaimantstoNorthAmerica.

Thefewextractsfromoriginaldocuments,whichareprintedintheappendix,mayserveassamplesofthematerialoutofwhichtheworkhasbeenconstructed.Insomeinstancestheirtestimony

V1chiefofwhichwerethatthepriestsshouldexercisetheirfunctionswithoutbeingrequiredtoaskleaveoftheGovernor,andthattheinhabitantsshouldnotbecalleduponformilitaryserviceofanykind.TheBishopaddedthattheprovisionsofthetreatyofUtrechtwereinsufficient,andthatothersoughttobeexacted.[264]TheoraldeclarationoftheEnglishauthorities,thatforthepresenttheAcadiansshouldnotberequiredtobeararms,wasnotthoughtenough.They,orrathertheirprompters,demandedawrittenpledge.Ontheotherside,thedistressoftheFrenchgrewgreatereveryday.Theirarmywasonshortrations.TheoperationsoftheEnglishabovethetownfilledthecampofBeauportwithdismay,fortroopsandCanadiansalikedreadedthecuttingoffoftheirsupplies.ThesewerealldrawnfromthedistrictsofThreeRiversandMontreal;and,atbest,theywereingreatdanger,sincewhenbroughtdowninboatsatnighttheywereapttobeintercepted,whilethedifficultyofbringingthembylandwasextreme,throughthescarcityofcattleandhorses.Disciplinewasrelaxed,disorderandpillagewererife,andtheCanadiansdesertedsofast,thattowardstheendofAugusttwohundredofthem,itissaid,wouldsometimesgooffinonenight.Earlyinthemonththedisheartening265

StateofAcadia?ThreatenedInvasion?PeriloftheEnglish?TheirPlans?FrenchFortstobeattacked?BeauséjouranditsOccupants?FrenchTreatmentoftheAcadians?JohnWinslow?SiegeandCaptureofBeauséjour?AttitudeofAcadians?InfluenceoftheirPriests?TheyRefusetheOathofAllegiance?TheirConditionandCharacter?PretendedNeutrals?ModerationofEnglishAuthorities?TheAcadianspersistintheirRefusal?EnemiesorSubjects??ChoiceoftheAcadians?TheConsequence?TheirRemovaldetermined?WinslowatGrandPré?ConferencewithMurray?SummonstotheInhabitants?TheirSeizure?TheirEmbarkation?TheirFate?TheirTreatmentinCanada?Misapprehensionconcerningthem.

NOTE.—Dumesnil’sprincipalmemorial,preservedinthearchivesoftheMarineandColonies,isentitledMémoireconcernantlesAffairesduCanada,quimontreetfaitvoirquesousprétextedelaGloiredeDieu,d’InstructiondesSauvages,deservirleRoyetdefairelanouvelleColonie,ilaétéprisetdivertitroismillionsdelivresouenviron.Itformsinthecopybeforemethirty-eightpagesofmanuscript,andbearsnoaddress;butseemsmeantforColbert,orthecouncilofstate.Thereisasecondmemorial,whichislittleelsethananabridgmentofthefirst.Athird,bearingtheaddressAuRoyetanosSeigneursduConseil(d’Etat),andsignedPeronneDumesnil,isapetitionforthepaymentof10,132livresduetohimbythecompanyforhisservicesinCanada,“ouilaperdusonfilsassassinéparlescomptablesduditpays,quin’ontvoulurendrecompteauditsuppliant,Intendant,etontpillésamaison,sesmeublesetpapiersle20dumoisdeSeptembredernier,dontilyaacte.”V2fromthefur-trade,andstillmorefromfraudsofvariouskinds.Forexample,arequisitionwasmadeforsuppliesasgiftstotheIndiansinordertokeepthemfriendlyorsendthemonthewar-path;andtheirnumberwasputmanytimesabovethetruthinordertogetmoregoods,whichthecommandantandhisconfederatesthenbarteredforfursontheirownaccount,insteadofgivingthemaspresents."And,"saysacontemporary,addressingtheColonialMinister,"thosewhotreatthesavagessobaselyareofficersoftheKing,depositariesofhisauthority,ministersofthatGreatOnontiowhomtheycalltheirfather."[557]AtthepostofGreenBay,thepartisanofficerMarin,andRigaud,theGovernor'sbrother,madeinashorttimeaprofitofthreehundredandtwelvethousandfrancs.[558]"Whyisit,"asksBougainville,"thatofallwhichtheKingsendstotheIndianstwothirdsarestolen,andtherestsoldtotheminsteadofbeinggiven?"[559]

*MeulesauMinistre,12Nov.,1681.

Atnight,thevictorsledoutoneoftheprisoners,toldhimthathewastodiebyfire,andorderedhimtosinghisdeath-songifhedared.Thentheybeganthetorture,andpresentlyscalpedtheirvictimalive,30whenChamplain,sickeningatthesight,beggedleavetoshoothim.Theyrefused,andheturnedawayinangeranddisgust;onwhichtheycalledhimbackandtoldhimtodoashepleased.Heturnedagain,andashotfromhisarquebuseputthewretchoutofmisery.ImpatiencetoridhimselfofhiscolleagueandtocommandalonenodoubthaditsinfluenceonthejudgmentofLaSalle.Hepresentlydeclaredthathewouldlandthesoldiers,andsendthemalongshoretilltheycametotheprincipaloutletoftheriver.Onthis,theengineerMinettookuptheword,—expressedhisdoubtsastowhethertheMississippidischargeditselfintothelagoonsatall;representedthatevenifitdid,thesoldierswouldbeexposedtogreatrisks;andgaveashisopinionthatallshouldreimbarkandcontinuethesearchincompany.Theadvicewasgood,butLaSalleresenteditascomingfromoneinwhomherecognizednorighttogiveit."Hetreatedme,"complainstheengineer,"asifIwerethemeanestofmankind."[293]

[264]Hutchinson,ii.283(ed.1795).HutchinsonhadthestoryfromMoulton.ComparethetraditioninthefamilyofJaques,astoldbyhisgreat-grandson,inHistoricalMagazine,viii.177.

[7]Foranaccountofhim,seeFerland,NotessurlesRegistresdeN.D.deQuébec,83(1863).

FatherAnastaseDouayreturnedtothecamp,and,aghastwithgriefandterror,rushedintothehutofCavelier."Mypoorbrotherisdead!"criedthepriest,instantlydiviningthecatastrophefromthehorror-strickenfaceofthemessenger.Closebehindcamethemurderers,Duhautattheirhead.Cavelier,hisyoungnephew,andDouayhimself,allfellontheirknees,expectinginstantdeath.Thepriestbeggedpiteouslyforhalfanhourtoprepareforhisend;butterrorandsubmissionsufficed,andnomorebloodwasshed.Thecampyieldedwithoutresistance;andDuhautwaslordofall.Intruth,therewerenonetoopposehim;for,excepttheassassinsthemselves,thepartywasnowreducedtosix[Pg436]persons,—Joutel,Douay,theelderCavelier,hisyoungnephew,andtwootherboys,theorphanTalonandaladcalledBarthelemy.

IntheMassachusettsarchivesisalettertoPhips,writtenjustaftertheattack.Thedevastationextendedsixorsevenmiles.Therearealsoanumberofdepositionsfrompersonspresent,givingahorriblepictureofthecrueltiespractised.Penhallow'sshortaccountisinexact,andmanyofthemorerecentnarrativesarenotonlyexaggerated,butsometimesabsurdlyincorrect.

WhereshouldtheFathersmaketheirabode?TheirfirstthoughthadbeentoestablishthemselvesataplacecalledbytheFrenchRochelle,thelargestandmostimportanttownoftheHuronconfederacy;butBrébeufnowresolvedtoremainatIhonatiria.Herehewaswellknown;andhere,too,heflatteredhimself,seedsoftheFaithhadbeenplanted,which,withgoodnurture,wouldintimeyieldfruit.

[Pg105]JosephDudley,governorofMassachusettsandNewHampshire,wasthesonofaformergovernorofMassachusetts,—thatupright,sturdy,narrow,bigotedoldPuritan,ThomasDudley,inwhosepocketwasfoundafterhisdeaththenotablecouplet,—

Charlevoix.

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    [233]ColonialRecordsofPa.,VI.481.

     Theveryamusementsofthispiouscommunitywereactsofreligion.Thus,onthefête-dayofSt.Joseph,thepatronofNewFrance,therewasashowoffireworkstodohimhonor.InthefortyvolumesoftheJesuitRelationsthereisbutonepictorialillustration;andthisrepresentsthepyrotechniccontrivanceinquestion,togetherwithafigureoftheGovernorintheactoftouchingitoff.[20]161But,whatismorecurious,aCatholicwriterofthepresentday,theAbbéFaillon,inanelaborateandlearnedwork,dilatesatlengthonthedetailsofthedisplay;andthis,too,withagravitywhichevinceshisconvictionthatsquibs,rockets,blue-lights,andserpentsareimportantinstrumentsforthesavingofsouls.[21]OnMay-Dayofthesameyear,1637,MontmagnyplantedbeforethechurchaMay-polesurmountedbyatriplecrown,beneathwhichwerethreesymbolicalcirclesdecoratedwithwreaths,andbearingseverallythenames,Iesus,Maria,Ioseph;thesoldiersdrewupbeforeit,andsaluteditwithavolleyofmusketry.[22]

  • 雪灵芝XDnG1

  • 如萱紫儿jZdOd

    hadnoblessealreadyfallenfromitsoldestate.

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    THESANCTUARY.

     

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  • 扒皮成NyOr0

     

  • 草莓果cmVL7

    BrigadierMurray,nowincommandofQuebec,wasagallantsoldier,upright,humane,generous,eagerfordistinction,andmoredaringthanprudent.HebefriendedtheCanadians,issuedstrictordersagainstharmingtheminpersonorproperty,hangedasoldierwhohadrobbedacitizenofQuebec,andseverelypunishedothersforslighteroffencesofthesamesort.Ingeneralthesoldiersthemselvesshowedkindnesstowardstheconqueredpeople;duringharvesttheywereseenhelpingthemtoreaptheirfields,withoutcompensation,andsharingwiththemtheirtobaccoandrations.Theinhabitantsweredisarmed,and332

     Theymovedonforaquarterofamilethroughacountry,asitseems,comparativelyopen,whenagainthewar-crypealedinfront,andthreehundredsavagesboundedtotheassault.Theirwhoopswereechoedfromtherear.ItwasthepartywhomArlachadjustrepulsed,andwho,leapingandshoweringtheirarrows,wererushingonagainwithaferocityrestrainedonlybytheirlackofcourage.TherewasnopanicamongtheFrench.Thementhrewdowntheirbagsofcorn,andtooktotheirweapons.Theyblewtheirmatches,and,undertwoexcellentofficers,stoodwelltotheirwork.TheIndians,ontheirpart,showedgooddisciplineaftertheirfashion,andwereperfectlyunderthecontroloftheirchiefs.Withcriesthatimitatedtheyellofowls,thescreamofcougars,andthehowlofwolves,theyranupinsuccessivebands,letflytheirarrows,andinstantlyfellback,givingplacetoothers.Atthesightoftheleveledarquebuse,theydroppedflatontheground.WhenevertheFrenchchargeduponthem,swordinhand,theyfledthroughthewoodslikefoxes;andwheneverthemarchwasresumed,thearrowswereshoweringagainupontheflanksandrearoftheretiringband.Astheyfell,thesoldierspickedthemupandbrokethem.Thus,besetwithswarmingsavages,thehandfulofFrenchmenpushedslowlyonward,fightingastheywent.

  • 绿卡纸YIie9

    Astheobjectoftheexpeditionwasaccomplished,orseemedtobeso,thepartysetoutontheirreturn.ArideoftendaysbroughtthemagaintotheMissouri;theydescendedincanoestoFortOrléans,andsangTeDeuminhonorofthepeace.[380]

     Thisbook,formingPartVI.oftheseriescalledFranceandEnglandinNorthAmerica,fillsthegapbetweenPartV.,"CountFrontenac,"andPartVII.,"MontcalmandWolfe;"sothattheseriesnowformsacontinuoushistoryoftheeffortsofFrancetooccupyandcontrolthiscontinent.

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